Unit of competency details

CUFBRT404A - Coordinate outside broadcasts (Release 1)


ReleaseStatusRelease date
1 1 (this release)Current 11/Nov/2010

Usage recommendation:
Is superseded by and equivalent to CUABRT404 - Coordinate outside broadcastsUpdated to meet Standards for Training Packages. Minor edits to clarify performance criteria. 14/Jan/2016

Training packages that include this unit


SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 100701 Audio Visual Studies 

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 100701 Audio Visual Studies 11/Nov/2010 
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Modification History

Not applicable.

Unit Descriptor

Unit descriptor 

This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to coordinate outside broadcasts in the media industries.

No licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of endorsement.

Application of the Unit

Application of the unit 

Broadcast technicians or technologists apply the skills and knowledge described in this unit. Although they work under the direction of a broadcast engineer or technical director, they are expected to work with minimum supervision and, in the context of outside broadcasts, would usually be responsible for supervising others.

The person coordinating outside broadcast technical operations requires a broad range of technical skills associated with setting up and monitoring live feeds, as well as the flexibility to rectify faults quickly and efficiently. They also need to understand the requirements of others involved in the production chain.

Note : To meet the requirements of this unit, candidates need to demonstrate competency in the coordination of outside broadcasts for either television or  radio. The Required Skills and Knowledge section should be tailored accordingly.

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Not applicable.


Prerequisite units 

Employability Skills Information

Employability skills 

This unit contains employability skills.

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Elements describe the essential outcomes of a unit of competency.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Where bold italicised text is used, further information is detailed in the required skills and knowledge section and the range statement. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the evidence guide.

Elements and Performance Criteria



Prepare for outside broadcasts

1. In consultation with relevant personnel , determine scope of outside broadcast  requirements

2. Check functionality of equipment  to be used and organise repairs as required in readiness for outside broadcasts

3. Organise link  from OB point to program centre, including site surveys as required

4. Participate in pre-production sessions as required to ensure effective coordination of production and technical operations associated with outside broadcasts

5. Anticipate potential problems  and negotiate solutions or contingency plans that pay due regard to creative, technical and budgetary requirements

Coordinate technical operations during outside broadcasts

6. Power  up the OB vehicle on location according to enterprise procedures

7. Ensure that installation and testing  of equipment at OB locations is carried out in a safe manner and in accordance with regulatory and industry standards 

8. Establish and maintain signal and communication paths between OB point and the program centre

9. Use appropriate protocols  in communication between an OB point and master control

10. Respond promptly and appropriately in the event of equipment failure

11. Monitor quality of signal  from OB point and make adjustments as required

12. Assist relevant personnel with OB queries, taking care to communicate without over-use of jargon and technical language

Finalise OB location operations

13. Ensure that equipment is dismantled and stored according to enterprise procedures

14. Return OB location to original or improved condition

15. Complete production documentation and reports as required

16. Ensure that equipment is sent for repair as required

17. Participate in debriefing sessions and note areas for improvement in future outside broadcasts

Required Skills and Knowledge


This section describes the skills and knowledge required for this unit.

Required skills 

  • communication and literacy skills sufficient to:
  • interpret information from system drawings, equipment specifications and technical handbooks
  • complete workplace documentation
  • work and communicate effectively as a team member, including team leadership
  • planning and problem solving skills sufficient to:
  • diagnose faults in specified equipment and broadcast system
  • plan operational aspects of outside broadcasts, including contingency planning
  • technical skills sufficient to:
  • use test equipment in a safe manner
  • operate equipment in a specified outside broadcast vehicle/facility
  • connect and monitor performance of link between OB point and program centre
  • numeracy skills sufficient to interpret and record test measurement data
  • self-management skills sufficient to:
  • prioritise work tasks
  • meet deadlines
  • seek expert assistance as required

Required knowledge 

  • industry knowledge, including:
  • structure of the broadcasting industry
  • roles and responsibilities of personnel in the broadcasting industry
  • impact of technological changes on outside broadcast operations
  • correct terminology, e.g. symbols, terminology and conventions used for electrical, mechanical and electronic drawings and specifications
  • regulatory and industry standards relevant to field of work (see range statement for examples)
  • product knowledge, e.g. manufacturer standards and specifications
  • sources of advice, information, and technical support
  • issues and challenges that arise in the context of coordinating outside broadcasts
  • features and operational standards for enterprise-specific outside broadcasting equipment, facilities and systems
  • well-developed understanding of the features of communication links used in OB operations
  • television standards, e.g. PAL, NTSC, SECAM, digital
  • OHS requirements as they relate to outside broadcast operations, e.g. RF awareness, working safely with electrical tools and equipment

Evidence Guide


The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment 

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit 

Evidence of the following is essential:

  • correct set-up and operation of outside broadcasts for either radio or  television
  • effective team leadership abilities
  • efficient organisation and coordination of outside broadcasts
  • ability to meet production deadlines.

Context of and specific resources for assessment 

Assessment must ensure:

  • access to either radio or television outside broadcasting facilities
  • coordination of outside broadcasts on at least three occasions
  • access to appropriate learning and assessment support when required
  • use of culturally appropriate processes and techniques appropriate to the language and literacy capacity of learners and the work being performed.

Method of assessment 

A range of assessment methods should be used to assess practical skills and knowledge. The following examples are appropriate for this unit:

  • direct questioning combined with review of portfolios of evidence and third-party workplace reports of on-the-job performance
  • observation of the candidate setting up and monitoring technical operations for an outside broadcast
  • written or verbal questioning to test knowledge as listed in the required skills and knowledge section of this unit.

Guidance information for assessment 

Holistic assessment with other units relevant to the industry sector, workplace and job role is recommended, for example:

  • CUFBRT402A Maintain broadcasting facilities and equipment
  • CUFBRT403A Ensure quality of broadcast output.

Range Statement


The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

Relevant personnel  may include:

  • director
  • equipment operators
  • floor manager
  • head of department
  • producer
  • production assistant
  • production designer
  • production manager
  • program manager
  • station manager
  • subcontracted personnel
  • supervisor
  • technical director
  • volunteers coordinator
  • other technical/specialist personnel.

Outside broadcasts  may be required for:

  • awards nights
  • concerts
  • election coverage
  • festivals
  • live events
  • news coverage
  • public rallies
  • sporting events.

Equipment  may include:

  • cables
  • communication equipment, e.g. two-way communication devices
  • display devices, e.g. monitor
  • line equipment, e.g. audio/video DAs
  • production video and audio equipment, e.g. sound/vision mixer, microphones
  • record/replay machines, e.g. cameras, audio recorders.

Links  may include:

  • balanced audio cable directly wired
  • IP streaming
  • ISDN line
  • microwave
  • satellite
  • telephone line
  • UHF
  • VoIP.

Potential problems  may include:

  • audience or general public interference
  • communication dysfunctions
  • punctuality of production personnel
  • technical failures of equipment
  • topography of land or buildings
  • weather conditions.

Power  may include:

  • back-up supply
  • generator
  • mains.

Testing  may include:

  • assessing error performance levels
  • checking alarms
  • checking compliance with equipment parameters:
  • amplitude response
  • frequency response
  • distortion
  • noise performance
  • phase
  • timing
  • data network performance
  • bit error rate (BER)
  • mechanical performance
  • working temperature
  • checking that performance measurements:
  • accord with predetermined specifications
  • meet approved operating margins
  • signal strengths of radio, microwave and satellite links
  • the testing of protection mechanisms.

Regulatory and industry standards  may include:

  • ACMA technical standards
  • Australian and international standards
  • Australian building codes and regulations
  • confined spaces regulations
  • environmental legislation
  • fire regulations
  • heritage legislation
  • industry codes of practice
  • noise abatement
  • OHS
  • trade practices legislation.

Protocols  may include:

  • appropriate timing of communication
  • means of communication, e.g.:
  • telephone
  • radio
  • order wire
  • talkback
  • method of identifying source and destination of communication
  • which personnel communicate with whom.

Problems with the quality of signal  may be related to:

  • audio quality:
  • level
  • frequency response
  • noise
  • crosstalk
  • distortion
  • video quality:
  • levels
  • peak white
  • white
  • black set-up
  • sync tip
  • burst
  • durations
  • 1 line, 1 field, 1 frame
  • blanking (vertical and horizontal)
  • burst duration
  • back porch
  • front porch
  • H sync
  • degradation
  • differential phase
  • differential gain
  • delta gain
  • line time non-linearity
  • chrominance/luminance
  • gain/delay
  • inequality response
  • pre ringing or post-ringing
  • cable length attenuation
  • time distortions
  • frequency response errors
  • digital characteristics
  • sampling rate for Y and Chroma
  • level
  • max jitter
  • NRZI encoding, e.g. polarity independent
  • embedded audio
  • spectral make-up of signal.
  • start of active picture.

Unit Sector(s)

Unit sector 

Competency field

Competency field 

Media and entertainment production - broadcast technology

Co-requisite units

Co-requisite units 

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