Unit of competency details

TLILIC3019 - Licence to operate a reach stacker (greater than 3 tonnes capacity) (Release 1)


Usage recommendation:
Is superseded by and equivalent to TLILIC0011 - Licence to operate a reach stacker (greater than 3 tonnes capacity) 12/Sep/2018
Supersedes and is equivalent to TLILIC3019A - Licence to operate a reach stacker - greater than 3 tonnes capacityUpdated to align with the Standards for Training Packages. 28/Feb/2016

Release Status:
ReleaseRelease date
1 1 (this release) 29/Feb/2016

Training packages that include this unit


SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 030515 Automotive Vehicle Operations  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 030515 Automotive Vehicle Operations  09/Aug/2016 
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Unit Of competency

Modification History

Release 1. This is the first release of this unit of competency in the TLI Transport and Logistics Training Package.


This unit specifies the skills and knowledge required to operate a reach stacker safely.

Reach stacker means a powered reach stacker that incorporates an attachment for lifting and lowering a shipping container.

This unit applies to the activities of a person operating a reach stacker greater than 3 tonnes capacity that incorporates an attachment for lifting, moving and travelling with a shipping container (not including a portainer crane).

A person performing this work is required to hold a reach stacker high risk work (HRW) licence.

This unit requires a person operating a reach stacker to plan work, conduct routine checks, prepare reach stacker operations, operate reach stacker, travel reach stacker and mobile container, and shut down and secure reach stacker.

Licensing/Regulatory Information 

This unit is based on the licensing requirements of Part 4.5 of the Model Work Health and Safety (WHS) Regulations, HRW and meets Commonwealth, state and territory HRW licensing requirements.

Any alteration to this unit would result in a unit that would not be acceptable to work health and safety (WHS)/occupational health and safety (OHS) regulators for the purpose of licensing.

Pre-requisite Unit

Not applicable.

Competency Field

LIC – Licensing

Unit Sector

Not applicable.

Elements and Performance Criteria



Elements describe the essential outcomes.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element.


Plan work 


Site inspection is completed and potential workplace hazards are identified prior to commencement of operations


Hazard control measures are identified and implemented consistent with appropriate standards to ensure the safety of personnel and equipment


Job requirements are confirmed with appropriate personnel


Work is planned to comply with instructions, risk assessment, and operating and emergency procedures


Weight of container is identified or confirmed in consultation with appropriate personnel


Appropriateness of reach stacker to the container/s and workplace conditions is ensured


Appropriate path for moving containers in work area is determined and inspected


Appropriate communications methods are identified and selected in accordance with procedures


Conduct routine checks 


Reach stacker is accessed in a safe manner in accordance with procedures


Reach stacker service logbook is checked for compliance


Routine pre-start operational checks are carried out in accordance with procedures and are completed in a safe manner


Reach stacker is visually checked for any damage or defects


Visibility and legibility of all signage and labels is ensured in accordance with the appropriate standard


All reach stacker controls are located and identified


Post-start operational checks are carried out in accordance with procedures including operational functions to limits


Reach stacker is started in accordance with procedures and is checked for any abnormal instrument readings/warnings, lights and noises


All reach stacker safety devices and communications equipment are checked for serviceability in accordance with procedures


All damage and defects are reported and recorded in accordance with procedures, and appropriate action is taken


Prepare reach stacker operations 


Ground suitability is checked to ensure stability and safe operation of reach stacker


Reach stacker is driven to work area and prepared for container operations in accordance with procedures and manufacturer specifications


Appropriate reach stacker stability requirements for task are determined in accordance with procedures and range diagram/load chart


Container data is input into reach stacker computer as required in accordance with workplace procedures


Appropriate hazard prevention/control measures are implemented and communicated with personnel in work area in accordance with procedures


Operate reach stacker 


Container weights are checked to ensure they are within reach stacker capacity in accordance with range diagram/load chart


Hazard prevention/control measures are complied with during reach stacker operations


Container spreader is positioned over container following directions from associated personnel


Test lift is carried out in accordance with procedures to allow for checks to be safely made, in consultation with relevant personnel


All required communications signals are correctly interpreted in accordance with procedures and the appropriate standard


Reach stacker is operated in accordance with procedures and the appropriate standard


Containers are stacked/unstacked using all relevant reach stacker and spreader movements in accordance with procedures and the appropriate standard


Container movement is monitored constantly, to ensure safety of personnel and container, and reach stacker stability


Container is stacked in accordance with procedures, ensuring ground conditions are suitable for stacking containers and stability of the stack, safety of personnel and container


Unplanned and/or unsafe situations are responded to in accordance with procedures


Travel reach stacker and mobile container 


Suitability of planned route for reach stacker is checked in accordance with procedures


Reach stacker is configured to mobile containers in accordance with procedures and the appropriate standard, WHS/OHS legislation and codes of practice


Containers are mobilised to ensure safety of personnel and container, and stability of reach stacker


Container is mobilised using best mobile practice in accordance with procedures


Shut down and secure reach stacker 


Reach stacker boom and container spreader are packed up and secured as required, in accordance with procedures and the appropriate standard


Relevant locking devices and brakes are applied as required


Stabilisers are stowed and secured in accordance with procedures as required


Reach stacker is parked and shut down in accordance with procedures


Routine post-operational checks are carried out in accordance with procedures


All damage and defects are recorded and reported in accordance with procedures, and appropriate action is taken

Foundation Skills

The language, literacy, numeracy and employment skills that are essential to performance that are not explicit in the unit are listed below.


Performance feature 

Employment skills to:

  • operate a reach stacker in different types of workplaces transferring key principles of safe operation to different contexts
  • improve own performance in safely and efficiently operating a reach stacker by incorporating learnings from different workplaces and different conditions into current performance

Numeracy skills to:

  • interpret numerical information including:
  • selecting appropriate reach stacker in accordance with load and workplace conditions
  • load weight assessment, to ensure compliance with reach stacker data plate specifications
  • controlling and monitoring instrument readings

Language skills to:

  • use and interpret vocabulary specific to reach stacker operations and workplace procedures to communicate with other workplace personnel
  • use non-verbal feedback to support effective communication
  • use relevant two-way radio conventions

Literacy (reading ) skills to:

  • interpret documentation that includes technical specificity including:
  • reach stacker data plate
  • plant operation manuals and manufacturer specifications
  • workplace procedures, including emergency plan
  • workplace signage and labels

Literacy (writing) skills to:

  • accurately record and maintain information relating to operating a reach stacker, including:
  • incident reports
  • vehicle checking and maintenance records

Self-management skills to:

  • implement risk control measures
  • initiate emergency management strategies

Range of Conditions

Range is restricted to essential operating conditions and any other variables essential to the work environment.

Non-essential conditions can be found in the Companion Volume Implementation Guide.

Unit Mapping Information

This unit is equivalent to TLILIC3019A Licence to operate a reach stacker - greater than 3 tonnes capacity.


Companion Volume implementation guides are found in VETNet - https://vetnet.gov.au/Pages/TrainingDocs.aspx?q=df441c6e-213d-43e3-874c-0b3f7036d851


Assessment requirements

Modification History

Release 1. This is the first release of this unit of competency in the TLI Transport and Logistics Training Package.

Performance Evidence

A person who demonstrates competency in this unit must provide evidence of safely operating a reach stacker greater than 3 tonnes capacity and satisfy all of the elements, performance criteria and foundation skills requirements of the unit on at least one occasion including:

  • applying appropriate mathematical procedures to estimate loads
  • applying best mobile practice including:
  • carrying container at manufacturer recommended height
  • gently accelerating and braking (to minimise container swing)
  • minimum boom length
  • minimum speed
  • not driving across inclines or slopes
  • applying pre-start operational checks in accordance with manufacturer instructions, Australian Standards and industry guidelines including:
  • checking all operational functions
  • external visual check including evidence of damage, leaks, electrical, wheels and tyres, boom and spreader
  • interpreting load chart/range diagram
  • making sure logbook, operators manual are available
  • checking safety devices/alarms are fitted where appropriate
  • applying post-operational checks after shut down to ensure reach stacker is safe for the next operator including checking:
  • all systems are shut down
  • equipment is parked to avoid hazards
  • for hydraulic or brake fluid leaks
  • for structural damage
  • assessing ground conditions to confirm site is suitable (firm, level and safe) to operate reach stacker
  • communicating with other workplace personnel, through:
  • appropriate worksite protocols
  • listening
  • making and interpreting hand signals
  • questioning to confirm understanding
  • signage
  • two way radios
  • verbal and non-verbal language
  • written instructions
  • complying with organisational and site policies and procedures
  • complying with WHS/OHS licensing legislation
  • eliminating or reducing risk to personnel and property through the application of control measures including:
  • adequate illumination
  • disconnected power
  • insulated electric lines
  • moving obstructions
  • pedestrian controls
  • personal protective equipment
  • safety tags on electrical switches/isolators
  • using safety observer inside exclusion zone
  • traffic barricades and traffic controls
  • trench covers
  • ensuring appropriate path is in accordance with traffic management plan and is:
  • clear of obstacles
  • clear of personnel
  • free of ramps or inclines
  • identifying hazards, assessing risk and implementing hazard control strategies, including hierarchy of control as applied to positioning and safely operating reach stacker
  • interpreting information (such as procedures) relating to conducting reach stacker operations accurately
  • operating a reach stacker greater than 3 tonnes capacity that incorporates an attachment for lifting, moving and travelling with a shipping container, including all functions to their maximum extension and safe working rated capacity while applying relevant reach stacker movements:
  • articulating
  • booming up and down
  • equalising spreader
  • extending/retracting spreader
  • rotating spreader
  • telescoping in and out
  • using and interpreting manufacturer standards and data, including range diagram/load charts to enable reach stacker to be configured to mobile, stack and unstack containers
  • using communications signals including:
  • luff boom down – hand
  • luff boom down – whistle and/or two-way radio
  • luff boom up – hand
  • luff boom up – whistle and/two-way radio
  • stop –hand
  • stop – whistle and/or two-way radio
  • telescope out – hand
  • telescope out – whistle and/or two-way radio
  • telescope in – hand
  • telescope in – whistle and/or two-way radio
  • reading and comprehending manufacturer specifications, instructions, procedures and safety signs
  • recording and maintaining accurate information relating to reach stacker operations
  • shutting down a reach stacker, greater than 3 tonnes capacity in accordance with manufacturer specifications and workplace procedures including:
  • idling engine to stabilise temperature
  • parking in a safe location
  • using correct parking procedures
  • retracting boom
  • retracting spreader
  • repositioning cabin
  • retracting stabilisers
  • turning off engine
  • stabilising reach stacker by:
  • applying computer stability reading as a percentage
  • deploying stabilisers
  • test-lifting container prior to commencing operations, just clear of lifting plane to allow for checks to ensure:
  • all reach stacker hydraulic controls and brake systems are functioning properly (no boom creep etc.)
  • boom length and height are displayed correctly
  • computer/weight scale is working correctly
  • computer correctly displays stability percentage of reach stacker
  • verifying problems and equipment faults, and applying appropriate response procedures to unplanned and/or unsafe situations including:
  • environmental conditions (wind, lightning, storms)
  • failure/loss of control (brakes and steering)
  • failure of equipment (hydraulic system, computer)
  • rail/road moving unannounced while loading/discharging.

Knowledge Evidence

Evidence required to demonstrate competence in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the elements and performance criteria and include knowledge of:

  • appropriate mathematical calculation for determining container weight
  • Australian and industry standards relevant to operating a reach stacker greater than 3 tonnes capacity
  • Commonwealth, state or territory WHS/OHS legislation, standards and codes of practice relevant to the full range of processes for the crane class
  • ground stability including:
  • backfilled ground
  • bitumen
  • concrete
  • hard compacted soil
  • hard standing
  • railway lines
  • rock
  • rough uneven ground
  • soft soils
  • hazards including:
  • condition of plant and equipment
  • dangerous goods/hazardous substances
  • environmental conditions (wind, lightning, storms)
  • insufficient lighting
  • movement of vehicle or rail wagon
  • ground stability (condition, recently filled trenches, slopes)
  • other specific site hazards (work personnel, other equipment)
  • overhead hazards (electric lines, service pipes)
  • traffic (pedestrians, vehicles)
  • underground hazards (electric lines, service pipes)
  • weather conditions (high winds, lightning)
  • hierarchy of hazard identification and control:
  • elimination
  • substitution
  • isolation
  • engineering controls
  • administrative controls
  • personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • manufacturer specifications, instructions, procedures and safety signs
  • organisational and workplace standards, requirements, policies and procedures for conducting reach stacker operations
  • procedures for recording, reporting and maintaining workplace records and information
  • reach stacker characteristics and capabilities (including use of range diagrams/load charts) to allow reach stacker configuration to suit the range of containers
  • reach stacker operations and safe operating procedures
  • risks associated with overhead electric lines, electrical cables, ground conditions, reach stacker stability
  • typical routine problems encountered operating reach stacker and equipment, and adjustments required for correction.

Assessment Conditions

Assessments must be conducted by an assessor accredited for this high risk work (HRW) licence class in the Commonwealth/state/territory where the licence will be obtained (i.e. an assessor authorised by a Commonwealth/state/territory WHS/OHS regulator).

As a minimum, assessors must satisfy applicable regulatory requirements, which may include requirements in the Standards forRegistered Training Organisations current at the time of assessment.

Assessment processes and techniques must be appropriate to the language, literacy and numeracy requirements of the work being performed and all assessment must be conducted in the English language.

Assessment of performance must be undertaken in the workplace and/or under realistic workplace conditions which typically reflect:

  • performing tasks/activities within timelines that would be expected in a workplace
  • standard and authorised work practices, safety requirements and environmental constraints
  • using full-scale equipment

Reach stacker (greater than 3 tonnes capacity) operation assessment must be conducted in a working zone in accordance with state/territory arrangements.

  • If the working zone is located at a ‘live’ site, assessment should continue in all weather conditions unless the safety of the candidate or others could be compromised.

Simulators must not  be used in the assessment of this unit of competency.

Accredited assessors are responsible for ensuring that candidates have access to:

  • appropriate reach stacker (greater than 3 tonnes) in safe operating condition, suitable containers and container stack
  • appropriate work area including:
  • depot
  • rail siding
  • warehouse
  • wharf
  • appropriate/authorised personnel including:
  • Commonwealth, state/territory government regulatory bodies
  • guide
  • operations supervisor
  • site WHS/OHS personnel
  • supervisory personnel
  • communications equipment including:
  • fixed channel two-way radios
  • hand held two-way radios
  • hand signals
  • whistle
  • controls including:
  • boom extension levers
  • cabin positioning controls
  • luffing levers
  • twist lock controls
  • spreader controls (extend/retract/side shift/rotate)
  • container spreader including:
  • articulation device to rotate container
  • appropriate extension from containers
  • side-shift to balance/equalise container
  • twist locks to engage and disengage the container
  • range of diagrams that include:
  • container dimensions
  • height of container stack
  • maximum reach
  • maximum weight
  • required personal protective equipment (PPE) for the purpose of Performance Assessment
  • safety devices including:
  • audible and visual reversing devices
  • horns/sirens
  • lights
  • operator restraint devices
  • stability and weight limitation/warning devices
  • safe work method statement (SWMS), as required
  • signage and labels including:
  • control labels
  • range diagram/load charts
  • reach stacker data plates/labels
  • reach stacker safety decals
  • where appropriate relevant workplace procedures and standards for operating a reach stacker greater than 3 tonnes including:
  • approved codes of practice and guidance
  • Australian Standards
  • checklists
  • equipment logbook
  • history record system
  • industry operating procedures
  • relevant industry standards (where applicable)
  • logbook
  • manufacturer guidelines (instructions, specifications or checklists) for the purpose of the Performance Assessment
  • service logbook
  • workplace procedures (work instructions, operating procedures, checklists).


Companion Volume implementation guides are found in VETNet - https://vetnet.gov.au/Pages/TrainingDocs.aspx?q=df441c6e-213d-43e3-874c-0b3f7036d851