Unit of competency details

ICTTEN5168A - Design and implement an enterprise voice over internet protocol and a unified communications network (Release 1)


Usage recommendation:
Supersedes and is equivalent to ICTTC168A - Design and implement an enterprise VoIP and unified communications networkOutcomes deemed equivalent. Changes to elements, performance criteria and critical evidence. Prerequisite units removed. Minor title change. 14/Jun/2010
Is superseded by and equivalent to ICTTEN512 - Design and implement an enterprise voice overUpdated to meet Standards for Training Packages. 13/Jan/2016

ReleaseRelease date
1 1 (this release) 15/Jun/2010


SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 031307 Communications Technologies  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 031307 Communications Technologies  15/Jun/2010 
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Modification History

Not Applicable

Unit Descriptor

Unit descriptor 

This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to design and implement the infrastructure for enterprise voice over internet protocol (VoIP) and unified communications (UC) systems to meet business requirements using converging network technologies.

No licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of endorsement but users should confirm requirements with the relevant federal, state or territory authority.

Application of the Unit

Application of the unit 

Telecommunications or IT technicians with significant technical expertise apply the skills and knowledge in this unit. They combine technical expertise with a range of analytical, research and planning skills to develop and tailor IP convergence solutions for particular business needs.

This unit applies to individuals working to design and implement the infrastructure to enable enterprises to use VoIP and other packet-based services.

It also applies to enterprises outlaying capital looking for return on investment by reducing operating costs and improved unified internet protocol (IP) based communication systems.

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Refer to Unit Descriptor


Prerequisite units 

Employability Skills Information

Employability skills 

This unit contains employability skills.

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Elements describe the essential outcomes of a unit of competency.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Where bold italicised text is used, further information is detailed in the required skills and knowledge section and the range statement. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the evidence guide.

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Plan and design VoIP infrastructure to meet business requirements

1.1. Ascertain end -user requirements  in consultation with client

1.2. Select VoIP infrastructure in line with business and end-user requirements, within budget limitations

1.3. Select protocols for converged networks 

1.4. Select hardware , software , network  and security requirements  according to agreed business and end-user specifications

1.5. Investigate factors  affecting bandwidth and calculate bandwidth usage for various codecs, including considerations of overhead, connection quality and connection speeds

2. Install and configure VoIP infrastructure to meet business requirements

2.1. Implement telephone number mapping (ENUM), number portability, end point addressing, path selection, calling classes and overlapping number ranges

2.2. Install, configure and test gatekeepers 

2.3. Install and test convergent terminal equipment  and software

2.4. Install software and configure and test VoIP services

2.5. Configure security access levels to safeguard data, making use of appropriate tools

3. Configure a UC network

3.1. Obtain the topology and components of a UC network

3.2. Analyse the potential of IP multimedia subsystem (IMS) network architecture to enable the convergence of voice, video and data applications and various mobile network technologies over IP based layer

3.3. Incorporate the use of a communications server to provide real -time multimedia communications 

3.4. Select common videoconferencing codecs according to standards and practices

3.5. Select voice and video conferencing hardware 

3.6. Implement IP-private branch exchange (PBX) functionalities in the UC network

4. Test and evaluate the performance of convergent networks

4.1. Develop possible network congestion solutions  for common network congestions to meet quality of service (QoS) specified

4.2. Provide solutions for problems in contacting emergency services

4.3. Analyse network traffic and resolve problems using packet sniffer, monitoring software and hardware solutions

4.4. Troubleshoot convergent communications over wireless networks

4.5. Analyse types and effects of attacks , including man -in -the -middle attacks 

4.6. Plan ways to counteract denial of service (DoS) and distributed DoS (DDoS) attacks

4.7. Predict the impact of virtual local area network (VLAN) hopping, media access control (MAC) address movements, additions and changes on network

5. Test and verify the security access levels

5.1. Analyse types of intrusion detection

5.2. Monitor and evaluate capability and reliability of security systems

5.3. Make system alterations to ensure protection against known and potential threats

5.4. Verify and test that user settings conform to security policies

5.5. Backup, upgrade and scan systems to minimise attacks

6. Complete documentation and sign off procedures

6.1. Complete required records and notify customer

6.2. Remove installation waste and debris from worksite and dispose of according to environmental requirements to maintain safe worksite conditions

6.3. Reinstate site according to customer and company requirements

Required Skills and Knowledge


This section describes the skills and knowledge required for this unit.

Required skills 

  • analytical skills to evaluate network traffic protocols and bandwidth considerations
  • communications skills to liaise with clients and determine business requirements
  • planning and organisational skills to plan, design and implement VoIP infrastructure
  • project planning skills in relation to setting benchmarks and identifying scope
  • problem solving skills in a predictable range of network problems
  • research skills for identifying, analysing and evaluating broad features of a particular business domain and best practice in networking technologies
  • technical skills to :
  • compare session initiation protocol (SIP), H323 and media gateway control protocol (MGCP) or media gateway control (Megaco)
  • configure a VoIP and a UC network and assess the performance of convergent networks and test and verify security access levels
  • define latency, jitter and wander and implement methods for reducing or eliminating them using jitter buffer, QoS, traffic shaping and VLANs
  • describe the format of a SIP uniform resource identifier (URI)
  • evaluate and implement SIP trunking to connect enterprise internet protocol (IP)-based communications systems over long distances
  • identify common G.7xx codes and describe the impact of compression on voice quality
  • identify the components of SIP
  • identify the functions of signalling protocols for converged networks

Required knowledge 

  • broad knowledge of:
  • client business domain, business function and organisation
  • current and emerging industry accepted hardware and software products
  • current and emerging transmission technologies and protocols
  • networking technologies

Evidence Guide


The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment 

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit 

Evidence of the ability to:

  • design and implement the infrastructure for enterprise VoIP and UC systems to meet business requirements using converged networks
  • apply knowledge of current networking, transmission technologies and protocols
  • evaluate network traffic protocols and bandwidth considerations
  • configure a UC network
  • assess the performance of convergent networks
  • test and verify security access levels.

Context of and specific resources for assessment 

Assessment must ensure:

  • live network
  • networked computers
  • network design documentation
  • equipment specifications
  • network components.

Method of assessment 

A range of assessment methods should be used to assess practical skills and knowledge. The following examples are appropriate for this unit:

  • review of report prepared by the candidate outlining design process undertaken, including challenges faced and how these were addressed
  • direct observation of the candidate installing and configuring VoIP infrastructure and configuring a UC network
  • evaluation of system designed and implemented by the candidate in terms of performance and suitability of for business needs.

Guidance information for assessment 

Holistic assessment with other units relevant to the industry sector, workplace and job role is recommended, for example:

  • ICTTEN5201A Install, configure and test a server.

Aboriginal people and other people from a non-English speaking background may have second language issues.

Access must be provided to appropriate learning and assessment support when required.

Assessment processes and techniques must be culturally appropriate, and appropriate to the oral communication skill level, and language and literacy capacity of the candidate and the work being performed.

In all cases where practical assessment is used it will be combined with targeted questioning to assess required knowledge. Questioning techniques should not require language, literacy and numeracy skills beyond those required in this unit of competency.

Where applicable, physical resources should include equipment modified for people with special needs.

Range Statement


The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

End -user requirements  may include:

  • how and what the organisation wants in regard to:
  • preventative maintenance and diagnostic policy
  • problem solution processes
  • return on investment (RoI)
  • roles and technical responsibilities in the IT department
  • vendor and product service level support agreements
  • work environment.

Protocols for converged networks 

may include:

  • H225
  • H320
  • H323
  • H450
  • Megaco
  • MGCP
  • SIP.

Hardware  may include:

  • cable or DSL modems
  • IP phones
  • modems
  • multi-layer switches
  • networks
  • other connectivity devices
  • personal computers
  • remote sites
  • routers
  • servers
  • switches
  • wireless devices
  • workstations.

Software  may include:

  • commercial software applications
  • communications software
  • in-house or customised software
  • networking device operating systems
  • organisation-specific software
  • packaged software.

Network  may include:

  • data and voice
  • internet
  • large and small LANs
  • national wide area networks (WANs)
  • private lines
  • use of public switched telephone network (PSTN) for dial-up modems only
  • virtual private networks (VPNs).

Requirements  may include:

  • reference to the business, system, application, network or people in the organisation
  • simple addition or upgrade to a major new installation.

Factors  may include:

  • codec choice
  • compression
  • latency
  • packet reordering
  • protocol incompatibility
  • QoS issues.

Gatekeepers  may include:

  • call manager
  • media gateway
  • media gateway controller (call agent)
  • signalling gateway (SG).

Convergent terminal equipment  may include:

  • analogue telephone adapter (ATA)
  • IP phones
  • single line adapter
  • soft phones:
  • personal digital assistant (PDA)
  • wireless fidelity (WiFi).

Real -time multimedia communications  may include:

  • directory look-up
  • email
  • file exchange
  • instant messaging (IM)
  • presence
  • video conferencing.

Voice and video conferencing hardware  may include:

  • multi-point control unit (MCU)
  • session border controller (SBC)
  • set-top box.

Network congestion solutions  may include:

  • changing configurations
  • monitoring network traffic and protocols
  • upgrades.

Attacks  may include:

  • brute force and dictionary attacks
  • illicit servers
  • man-in-the-middle attacks
  • unsolicited calls
  • viruses
  • voicemail compromises.

Man -in -the -middle attacks  include:

  • packet sniffing
  • registration hijacking
  • TP connection hijacking.

Unit Sector(s)

Unit sector 


Competency field

Competency field 

Telecommunications networks engineering