Unit of competency details

FPIFGM2208A - Fall trees manually (basic) (Release 1)


ReleaseStatusRelease date
1 1 (this release)Current 09/Feb/2011

Usage recommendation:
Is superseded by FPICOT2236 - Fall trees manually (basic) 06/Feb/2012
Supersedes and is equivalent to FPIFGM110A - Fall trees manually - basic (non-commercial/non-production)Major revision with unit rewritten including changed title, broadened descriptor, new element structure, performance criteria written as evaluative statements, application of key competencies and expanded Evidence Guide, Range, Skills and Knowledge 08/Feb/2011

Training packages that include this unit

CodeTitleSort Table listing Training packages that include this unit by the Title columnRelease
PUA00 - Public Safety Training PackagePublic Safety Training Package 8.1 
FPI05 - Forest and Forest Products Training PackageForest and Forest Products Training Package 3.0 
DEF12 - Defence Training PackageDefence Training Package 1.0-2.0 
AHC10 - Agriculture, Horticulture and Conservation and Land ManagementAgriculture, Horticulture and Conservation and Land Management 2.0-8.0 


SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 050501 Forestry Studies  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 050501 Forestry Studies  27/Jul/2006 
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Modification History

Not Applicable

Unit Descriptor

Unit Descriptor 

This unit specifies the outcomes required to assess, plan and safely carry out manual tree falling operations using a chainsaw. This unit is intended for use in situations where the production of timber is not the primary focus of the activity. Compliance with licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements may be required in various jurisdictions

This unit replaces FPIFGM110A Fall trees manually - basic (non-commercial/non production)

Application of the Unit

Application of the Unit 

This unit supports the attainment of skills and knowledge required for competent workplace performance in forest and forest products operations of all sizes. The unit applies to a forest environment and involves application of skills and knowledge at a production worker level. These skills and knowledge are to be used within the scope of the person's job and authority

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Refer to Unit Descriptor


Not Applicable

Employability Skills Information

Not Applicable

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Elements describe the essential outcomes of a unit of competency

Performance Criteria describe the required performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Where bold italicised text is used, further information is detailed in the Required Skills and Knowledge and/or the Range Statement. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the Evidence Guide

Elements and Performance Criteria



1 Prepare and maintain falling equipment

1.1 Applicable Occupational Health and Safety  (OHS ), legislative  and organisational  requirements relevant to falling trees  are identified and complied with

1.2 Site environmental protection measures  are adhered to in accordance with relevant legislation and regulations

1.3 Work plan  is reviewed and checked as required with appropriate personnel 

1.4 Tools and equipment  are selected appropriate to work requirements and checked for operational effectiveness in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations

1.5 Blunt or damaged chainsaw is detected, rectified and reported in accordance with workplace procedures

1.6 Operational effectiveness of chainsaw is monitored to maintain  falling safety and productivity

1.7 Communication  with others is established and maintained in accordance with OHS requirements

2 Assess conditions and surroundings

2.1 Site environmental concerns are identified and complied with in accordance with relevant national, state, and local legislation or regulations

2.2 Environmental conditions  are identified and assessed in accordance with work plan requirements

2.3 Awareness of environmental conditions and other personnel activity in the work area is maintained and falling activity modified

2.4 General factors affecting falling requirements are assessed and specific forest or site risks and hazards are detected and controlled

3 Assess tree and plan falling

3.1 Tree is located and visually assessed for falling characteristics

3.2 Required falling direction and degree of allowable error is assessed and checked

3.3 Sequence of cuts to fall tree is planned in accordance with standard falling procedures

3.4 Suitable escape route is selected and cleared of growth and other obstacles in accordance with environmental care principles and statutory requirements

3.5 Personal limitations  in safely falling trees with own skills are assessed and assistance  sought from appropriate personnel

3.6 Location and activity of other personnel in the work area is noted and monitored

4 Fall tree

4.1 All work is conducted using established safe operating practices and in accordance with workplace procedures

4.2 Tree falling operations  are safely undertaken appropriate to site conditions and at a safe distance from other personnel in the work area

4.3 Unexpected characteristics of tree and other problems are identified, assistance sought and planning reviewed

4.4 Planned escape route is used when tree starts to fall and the fall and movement of tree on ground is monitored until determined stable

4.5 Chainsaw is monitored for operational effectiveness and any faults, malfunctions or problems are recorded and reported in accordance with workplace procedures

Required Skills and Knowledge


This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level, required for this unit

Required skills include :

  • comply with legislation, regulations, standards, codes of practice and established safe practices and procedures relating to basic manual tree falling operations
  • review and accurately identify work requirements
  • use and maintain relevant tools, machinery and equipment
  • identify problems and equipment faults and demonstrate appropriate response procedures
  • use appropriate communication and interpersonal techniques and methods with colleagues and others
  • accurately locate, record and report information
  • safely operate and maintain a chainsaw
  • use hand signals with other operators to maintain effective and safe tree falling
  • recognise own limitations in conditions and trees for falling
  • assess, plan and carry out tree falling operations appropriate to site conditions
  • recognise common diseases, pests and nutrition deficiencies
  • read and interpret written material

Required knowledge and understanding includes :

  • basic knowledge and understanding of applicable Commonwealth, State or Territory licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements and codes of practice relevant to basic manual tree falling operations
  • organisational and site standards, requirements, policies and procedures relating to basic manual tree falling operations
  • principles of cultural diversity and access and equity
  • environmental protection requirements, including the safe disposal of waste material
  • established communication channels and protocols
  • problem identification and resolution
  • types of tools and equipment and procedures for their safe use, operation and maintenance

  • identification and evaluation of structural defects in trees
  • types and purposes of a range of cuts to fall trees
  • hazards of operating a chainsaw and falling trees
  • types of tools and equipment and procedures for their use, operation and maintenance
  • operational principles and limitations of a chainsaw
  • procedures for recording and reporting workplace information
  • appropriate mathematical procedures for estimating and measuring, including calculating time to complete tasks


The seven key competencies represent generic skills considered necessary for effective participation by an individual in the workplace
Performance Level 1 - at this level, the candidate is required to undertake tasks effectively
Performance Level 2 - at this level, the candidate is required to manage tasks
Performance Level 3 - at this level, the candidate is required to use concepts for evaluating and reshaping tasks

Key Competency 

Example of Application 

Performance Level 

How are ideas and information communicated?

By communicating in simple language to confirm work requirements, convey information to colleagues, and report outcomes relating to falling trees


How can information be collected, analysed and organised?

By collecting, organising and understanding information required to plan and undertake tree falling


How are activities planned and organised?

By organising and conducting tree falling activities in the correct sequence to complete within the designated timeframes


How is team work used?

By using effective communication and interpersonal techniques with colleagues and others to maximise confidence, satisfaction and productivity during tree falling operations


How are mathematical ideas and techniques used?

By calculating slopes, wind speed and direction time to complete tasks


How are problem solving skills applied?

By establishing safe and effective tree falling procedures and processes which anticipate likely problems to avoid wastage and downtime


How is the use of technology applied?

By accessing and locating applicable legislative, regulatory and environmental guidelines relevant to tree falling operations


Evidence Guide


The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the Performance Criteria, Required Skills and Knowledge, the Range Statement and the Assessment Guidelines for this Training Package

Overview of assessment 

  • A person who demonstrates competency in this unit must be able to provide evidence that they can safely and efficiently assess, plan and conduct basic manual tree falling operations in accordance with environmental and organisational requirements

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit 

  • Comply with applicable Commonwealth, State or Territory legislative and regulatory requirements and codes of practice, including OHS, environmental and organisational policies and procedures, relevant to basic manual falling of trees
  • Comply with applicable licensing or certification requirements
  • Effectively communicate and work safely with others including maintaining an awareness of other personnel activity in the work area
  • Contribute to a tree assessment, plan and fall trees within the range of variables for trees and conditions
  • Select, use and maintain appropriate tools and equipment and recognise faults, problems or malfunctions
  • Safely operate and maintain a chainsaw

Context of and specific resources for assessment 

  • Competency is to be assessed in the workplace or realistically simulated workplace
  • Assessment is to occur under standard and authorised work practices, safety requirements and environmental constraints
  • Assessment of essential underpinning knowledge, other than confirmatory questions, will usually be conducted in an off-site context
  • Assessment is to comply with relevant regulatory or Australian Standards requirements
  • The following resources should be made available:
  • workplace location or simulated workplace
  • materials and equipment relevant to basic manual falling of trees
  • specifications and work instructions

Method of assessment 

  • Assessment must satisfy the endorsed Assessment Guidelines of the FPI05 Training Package
  • Assessment methods must confirm consistency and accuracy of performance (over time and in a range of workplace relevant contexts) together with application of underpinning knowledge
  • Assessment must be by direct observation of tasks, with questioning on underpinning knowledge and it must also reinforce the integration of key competencies.
  • Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access and correctly interpret and apply the essential underpinning knowledge
  • Assessment may be applied under project-related conditions (real or simulated) and require evidence of process
  • Assessment must confirm a reasonable inference that competency is able not only to be satisfied under the particular circumstance, but is able to be transferred to other circumstances
  • Assessment may be in conjunction with assessment of other units of competency
  • The assessment environment should not disadvantage the candidate
  • Assessment practices should take into account any relevant language or cultural issues related to Aboriginality, gender or language backgrounds other than English
  • Where the participant has a disability, reasonable adjustment may be applied during assessment
  • Language and literacy demands of the assessment task should not be higher than those of the work role

Range Statement


The Range Statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording in the Performance Criteria is detailed below

OHS requirements are to be in accordance with Commonwealth , State or Territory legislation and regulations , and organisational safety policies and procedures . Requirements may include :

  • the use of personal protective equipment and clothing
  • safety equipment
  • first aid equipment
  • fire fighting equipment
  • hazard and risk control
  • elimination of hazardous materials and substances
  • safe forest practices including required actions relating to forest fire
  • manual handling including shifting, lifting and carrying

Legislative requirements are to be in accordance with applicable legislation from all levels of government that affect organisational operation . Requirements may include :

  • award and enterprise agreements
  • industrial relations
  • Australian Standards
  • confidentiality and privacy
  • OHS
  • the environment
  • equal opportunity
  • anti-discrimination
  • relevant industry codes of practice
  • duty of care
  • heritage and traditional land owner issues

Organisational requirements 

  • may include legal, organisational and site guidelines, policies and procedures relating to own role and responsibility, quality assurance, procedural manuals, quality and continuous improvement processes and standards, OHS, emergency and evacuation, ethical standards, recording and reporting, access and equity principles and practices, equipment use, maintenance and storage, environmental management (waste disposal, recycling and re-use guidelines)


  • for falling will have the following characteristics: diameter not more than 50 centimetres at position of cut, height not more than 20 metres, lean and weight distribution consistent with falling direction, single leader, sound wood condition in barrel, species and growth conditions not prone to twisting or splitting, ground slope not excessive

Environmental protection measures 

  • may include ground growth, canopy, general forest lean, wind speed and direction, fallen trees, density of trees, ground slope, soil and water protection, ground hazards, obstacles. Measures may also include contingencies for modifying operations during wet or other adverse weather conditions

Work plan 

  • is to include information and instructions relevant to tree falling operations including processing location details and trees to be felled and retained. Information may also include general environmental requirements, site plan and environmental features

Appropriate personnel 

  • may include supervisors, clients, colleagues, line management

Tools and equipment 

  • may include warning signs, chainsaw and components, personal protective equipment and clothing, first aid equipment, maintenance requirements, fuel


  • of chainsaw and components may include sharpening and making adjustments


  • may include verbal and non-verbal language, constructive feedback, active listening, questioning to clarify and confirm understanding, use of positive, confident and cooperative language, use of language and concepts appropriate to individual social and cultural differences, control of tone of voice and body language, hand signals

Environmental conditions 

  • may relate to ground growth, canopy, general forest lean, ground slope, ground hazards, wind speed and direction


  • in which falling will be undertaken include minimal canopy affecting free fall, ground slope not excessive, wind not significantly affecting falling characteristics, absence of ground growth or fallen trees preventing free movement around stump or preventing complete fall, absence of stags and hazardous ground features in falling radius, clear falling or sparse tree density


  • may relate to job role and responsibilities, own competency level, industry requirements, own understanding of risk identification processes, own interpretation of legislation, regulations and procedures, complying with OHS requirements


  • may be required in situations where cuts made may lead to loss of control of tree in falling, to confirm and adjust cutting techniques in response to movement and condition of tree, to help clear trees that hang up during falling


  • may include scarf-cutting to plan, backcutting to provide planned hinge-wood and maintain control of tree, using wedges to assist in controlling falling direction

Unit Sector(s)

Not Applicable

Competency Field

Competency Field 

Forest Growing and Management

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