Unit of competency details

TLIL4038A - Organise marshalling and shunting operations (Release 1)


Usage recommendation:
Supersedes and is equivalent to TLIL3807B - Organise marshalling and shunting operations06/Mar/2011
Is superseded by and equivalent to TLIL4038 - Organise marshalling and shunting operations 18/Oct/2015

Release Status:
ReleaseRelease date
1 1 (this release) 07/Mar/2011


SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 039907 Rail Operations  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 039907 Rail Operations  02/Sep/2011 
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Modification History

Not Applicable

Unit Descriptor

Unit Descriptor 

This unit involves the skills and knowledge required to organise marshalling and shunting operations in accordance with workplace procedures and the requirements of relevant safeworking regulations and codes of practice. It includes identifying marshalling and shunting requirements, identifying required rolling stock movements, and planning rolling stock movements in accordance with workplace requirements. Licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements are applicable to this unit.

Application of the Unit

Application of the Unit 

Persons achieving competence in this unit will need to fulfil the applicable legislated rail safety requirements including acts and regulations from each state and territory together with any nationally approved compliance codes and/or guidelines.

Work is performed under some supervision, generally within a team environment.

It involves the application of routine operational principles and procedures to marshalling and shunting operations across a variety of operational workplace contexts within the Australian rail system.

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Refer to Unit Descriptor


Not Applicable

Employability Skills Information

Employability Skills 

This unit contains employability skills.

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Elements describe the essential outcomes of a unit of competency.

Performance criteria describe the required performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the evidence guide.

Elements and Performance Criteria



Identify marshalling and shunting requirements 

1.1 Track and siding requirements are established, based on customer needs and safe work practices

1.2 Dangerous goods or other special transportation requirements are established

1.3 Destinations, arrival times and departure times are established that are consistent with timetable requirements

1.4 Relevant safe working systems are identified

Identify required rolling stock movements 

2.1 Rolling stock types required are determined from available documentation

2.2 Rolling stock locations are identified and track and siding availabilities are established to facilitate the marshalling and shunting operation

2.3 Rolling stock priorities and sequences are sorted in accordance with workplace procedures

Plan rolling stock movements 

3.1 Marshalling strategy is identified to achieve safe and efficient loading and unloading

3.2 Resources required to carry out the marshalling strategy are identified

3.3 Appropriate motive power is determined to enable completion of shunting operations

3.4 Track and siding access and options for wagon movements are identified from the marshalling strategy

3.5 Contingency strategy for unplanned events is identified or prepared

3.6 Shunting and marshalling plan and train consist is documented, filed, and distributed in accordance with operational requirements

Required Skills and Knowledge


This describes the essential knowledge and skills and their level required for this unit.

Required knowledge :

  • Applicable legislated rail safety requirements including acts and regulations from each state and territory together with any nationally approved compliance codes and/or guidelines
  • Relevant OH&S and environmental procedures and regulations including codes of practice for manual handling
  • Dangerous Goods Codes and regulations
  • Marshalling plan and instructions
  • Procedures for loading and unloading rolling stock
  • Procedures for getting on and off rolling stock in an appropriate manner
  • Procedures for coupling and uncoupling rolling stock
  • Procedures for operating points and signals
  • Procedures for managing hazardous situations
  • Radio communication protocol
  • Rostering procedures
  • Characteristics and features of wagons and other rolling stock
  • Loading and unloading facilities
  • Yard features and operation
  • Principles of operation of protective devices, air brakes, handbrakes, derailers
  • Location of signals and points
  • Local track and signal layouts
  • Draw gear capacities and related operating procedures
  • Safeworking systems and requirements
  • Shunting signals and commands and communication systems
  • Timetables and destination information
  • Relevant documentation requirements

Required skills :

  • Communicate and negotiate effectively with others when organising marshalling and shunting operations
  • Read and interpret instructions, procedures and information relevant to the organisation of marshalling and shunting operations
  • Interpret and follow operational instructions and prioritise work
  • Complete documentation related to the organisation of marshalling and shunting operations
  • Operate electronic communication equipment to required protocol
  • Work collaboratively with others when organising marshalling and shunting operations
  • Adapt appropriately to cultural differences in the workplace, including modes of behaviour and interactions with others
  • Promptly report and/or rectify any identified problems that may occur when organising marshalling and shunting operations in accordance with regulatory requirements and workplace procedures
  • Implement contingency plans for unanticipated situations that may arise when organising marshalling and shunting operations
  • Apply precautions and required action to minimise, control or eliminate hazards that may exist during marshalling and shunting operations
  • Monitor work activities in terms of planned schedule
  • Modify activities depending on differing operational contingencies, risk situations and environments
  • Apply fatigue management knowledge and techniques
  • Work systematically with required attention to detail without injury to self or others, or damage to goods or equipment
  • Select and use relevant computing and communications and other relevant equipment and materials when organising marshalling and shunting operations
  • Adapt to differences in rolling stock and equipment in accordance with standard operating procedures
  • Select and use required personal protective equipment conforming to industry and OH&S standards

Evidence Guide


The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required knowledge and skills, the range statement and the assessment guidelines for this Training Package.

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit 

  • The evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the elements and performance criteria of this unit and include demonstration of applying:
  • the underpinning knowledge and skills
  • relevant legislation and workplace procedures
  • other relevant aspects of the range statement

Context of and specific resources for assessment 

  • Performance is demonstrated consistently over a period of time and in a suitable range of contexts
  • Resources for assessment include:
  • a range of relevant exercises, case studies and/or other simulated practical and knowledge assessment, and/or
  • access to an appropriate range of relevant operational situations in the workplace
  • In both real and simulated environments, access is required to:
  • relevant and appropriate materials and equipment, and
  • applicable documentation including workplace procedures, regulations, codes of practice and operation manuals

Method of assessment 

  • Assessment of this unit must be undertaken by a registered training organisation
  • As a minimum, assessment of knowledge must be conducted through appropriate written/oral tests
  • Practical assessment must occur:
  • through activities in an appropriately simulated environment at the registered training organisation, and/or
  • in an appropriate range of situations in the workplace

Range Statement


The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance.

Operations may be conducted:

  • by day or night
  • all relevant weather conditions

Work may be conducted in:

  • restricted spaces
  • exposed conditions
  • controlled or open environments

Work may involve exposure to:

  • chemicals
  • dangerous or hazardous substances
  • movements of equipment, goods and vehicles

Resources may include:

  • motor vehicles
  • fixed signals
  • draw gear motive power units
  • rail tractors rolling stock
  • communication equipment
  • switching equipment
  • freight handling equipment
  • turntables

Safety requirements may include:

  • high visibility clothing
  • sunscreen
  • insect repellent
  • safety mask
  • portable radios
  • gloves
  • sun glasses
  • safety headwear
  • safety footwear
  • hearing protection

Unplanned events may involve:

  • derailments
  • breakdowns
  • injuries and fatalities
  • hazardous materials, spills, fires and leaks
  • track damage
  • powerline damage

Consultative processes may involve:

  • workplace personnel including supervisors and managers
  • other professional or technical staff

Depending on the type of organisation concerned and the local terminology used, workplace procedures may include:

  • company procedures
  • enterprise procedures
  • organisational procedures
  • established procedures

Information/documents may include:

  • applicable legislated rail safety requirements including acts and regulations from each state and territory together with any nationally approved compliance codes and/or guidelines
  • the Code of Practice for the Defined Interstate Rail Network in situations where marshalling operations are carried out on that network
  • order books
  • cards/deck sheets
  • noticeboards
  • special train notices
  • yard orders
  • periodical circulars
  • transport authority rules and operating procedures
  • computer-based data systems
  • timetables
  • train consist
  • incident reports
  • drivers advice
  • train register book
  • safeworking forms
  • dangerous goods manifests/declarations
  • conditions of service, legislation and industrial agreements including workplace agreements and awards

Applicable procedures and codes may include:

  • relevant state/territory regulations, codes of practice and safeworking system requirements
  • the Code of Practice for the Defined Interstate Rail Network in situations where marshalling/shunting operations are carried out on that network
  • relevant Australian Standards and related requirements
  • relevant state/territory OH&S legislation
  • relevant state/territory environmental protection legislation
  • ADG Code

Unit Sector(s)

Not Applicable

Competency Field

Competency Field 

L - Resource Management