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Unit of competency details

TDMMF1107B - SURVIVE AT SEA IN THE EVENT OF VESSEL ABANDONMENT (Release 1)

Summary

Usage recommendation:
Deleted
The Deleted usage recommendation was implemented on 13 June 2017 to describe training components that have no replacement. Enrolments in training components and statements of attainment or qualifications issued before 13 June 2017 are valid. For any components marked as deleted after 13 June 2017, the applicable transition/teach-out periods apply. For specific questions regarding the enrolment, delivery or issuance of a statement of attainment/qualification, please contact your training regulator.
Mapping:
MappingNotesDate
DeletedDeleted from TDM07 Maritime Training Package05/Jun/2013
Supersedes and is equivalent to TDMMF1101A - Survive at sea in the event of vessel abandonment18/Jun/2007

Release Status:
Current
Releases:
ReleaseRelease date
1 1 (this release) 19/Jun/2007

Training packages that include this unit

CodeTitleSort Table listing Training packages that include this unit by the Title columnRelease
TDM07 - Maritime Training PackageMaritime Training Package 1.0 
SFI11 - Seafood Industry Training PackageSeafood Industry Training Package 1.0-2.1 
PUA12 - Public Safety Training PackagePublic Safety Training Package 1.0-2.1 
PUA00 - Public Safety Training PackagePublic Safety Training Package 8.1 
DEF12 - Defence Training PackageDefence Training Package 2.0 

Qualifications that include this unit

CodeTitleSort Table listing Qualifications that include this unit by the Title columnRelease
TDM60407 - ADVANCED DIPLOMA OF TRANSPORT & DISTRIBUTION (MARITIME OPERATIONS - MASTER UNLIMITED)ADVANCED DIPLOMA OF TRANSPORT & DISTRIBUTION (MARITIME OPERATIONS - MASTER UNLIMITED) 
TDM60307 - ADVANCED DIPLOMA OF TRANSPORT & DISTRIBUTION (MARINE ENGINEERING - CLASS 2)ADVANCED DIPLOMA OF TRANSPORT & DISTRIBUTION (MARINE ENGINEERING - CLASS 2) 
TDM60207 - ADVANCED DIPLOMA OF TRANSPORT & DISTRIBUTION (MARINE ENGINEERING - CLASS 1)ADVANCED DIPLOMA OF TRANSPORT & DISTRIBUTION (MARINE ENGINEERING - CLASS 1) 
TDM60107 - ADVANCED DIPLOMA OF TRANSPORT DISTRIBUTION (MARITIME OPERATIONS)ADVANCED DIPLOMA OF TRANSPORT DISTRIBUTION (MARITIME OPERATIONS) 
TDM50507 - DIPLOMA OF TRANSPORT & DISTRIBUTION (COASTAL MARITIME OPERATIONS - MASTER CLASS 3)DIPLOMA OF TRANSPORT & DISTRIBUTION (COASTAL MARITIME OPERATIONS - MASTER CLASS 3) 
TDM50407 - DIPLOMA OF TRANSPORT & DISTRIBUTION (COASTAL MARINE ENGINEERING - ENGINEER CLASS 3)DIPLOMA OF TRANSPORT & DISTRIBUTION (COASTAL MARINE ENGINEERING - ENGINEER CLASS 3) 
TDM50307 - DIPLOMA OF TRANSPORT & DISTRIBUTION (MARITIME OPERATIONS - DECK WATCHKEEPER)DIPLOMA OF TRANSPORT & DISTRIBUTION (MARITIME OPERATIONS - DECK WATCHKEEPER) 
TDM50207 - DIPLOMA OF TRANSPORT & DISTRIBUTION (MARINE ENGINEERING - ENGINEER WATCHKEEPER)DIPLOMA OF TRANSPORT & DISTRIBUTION (MARINE ENGINEERING - ENGINEER WATCHKEEPER) 
TDM50107 - DIPLOMA OF TRANSPORT DISTRIBUTION (MARITIME OPERATIONS)DIPLOMA OF TRANSPORT DISTRIBUTION (MARITIME OPERATIONS) 
TDM40307 - CERTIFICATE IV IN TRANSPORT & DISTRIBUTION (COASTAL MARITIME OPERATIONS - MASTER CLASS 4)CERTIFICATE IV IN TRANSPORT & DISTRIBUTION (COASTAL MARITIME OPERATIONS - MASTER CLASS 4) 
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Classifications

SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 061301 Occupational Health And Safety  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 061301 Occupational Health And Safety  19/Jun/2007 
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Modification History

Not applicable.

Unit Descriptor

UNIT DESCRIPTOR:

This unit involves the skills and knowledge required to survive at sea in the event of vessel abandonment . It includes practising survival techniques , operating lifesaving and survival equipment , and participating in abandon vessel drills .

Note : Training and assessment may be customised to suit the applicable types and size of vessels and the various survival craft and equipment carried by the vessels to meet regulatory requirements .

Application of the Unit

Application of the unit 

The unit has applications in qualifications for all maritime deck and engineering occupations and covers mandatory requirements in survival skills for all seafarers.

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Licensing /legislative requirements 

The unit is consistent with the relevant maritime regulations describing mandatory requirements for familiarisation and basic safety competency required for all seafarers. This includes applicable sections of international, Commonwealth, State and Territory Maritime licensing and regulatory requirements.

Pre-Requisites

Not applicable.

Employability Skills Information

Not applicable.

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Elements describe the essential outcomes of a unit of competency.

Performance Criteria describe the required performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the Evidence Guide.

Elements and Performance Criteria

ELEMENT 

PERFORMANCE CRITERIA  

1 

Practise survival techniques 

a

The timing and sequence of individual survival actions are appropriate to the prevailing circumstances and conditions of the emergency and minimise potential dangers and threats to other survivors

b

Initial actions when boarding survival craft enhance chance of survival

c

Jumps safely from a height into the water in accordance with established survival practice

d

Swims while wearing a life-jacket and floats without a life-jacket in accordance with established survival practice

e

Inverted liferaft is righted while wearing a life-jacket in accordance with established survival practice

f

Appropriate handling strategies are applied to manoeuvre survival craft in rough weather and sea conditions

g

Sea anchors and drogues are deployed in accordance with accepted nautical practice

ELEMENT 

PERFORMANCE CRITERIA 

1 

Practise survival techniques 

(continued )

h

Signs of hypothermia are identified and treated in accordance with accepted survival medical practice

i

(Where applicable) exposure cover is deployed on survival craft in accordance with accepted survival practice and manufacturer's instructions

j

Relevant first aid is administered in survival craft

k

Rationing of food is in accordance with accepted survival practice

2 

Operate lifesaving and survival equipment 

a

Location and accessibility of lifesaving and survival equipment is established

Survival craft are launched in a timely and effective manner

b

Method of boarding survival craft is appropriate and avoids dangers to other survivors

c

Survival equipment is operated in accordance with instructions and accepted survival practice

d

Survival radio equipment is operated in accordance with manufacturer's instructions and regulatory protocols

e

Life-jacket and other lifesaving clothing are correctly used in accordance with instructions

3 

Participate in abandon vessel drills 

a

Abandon vessel musters and drills are attended in accordance with regulatory requirements and company procedures

b

Action taken on identifying muster signals is appropriate to the indicated emergency and complies with established procedures

c

Information on the use of lifesaving equipment and procedures to be followed in the event of the order to abandon vessel is obtained and correctly interpreted

Required Skills and Knowledge

REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE 

This describes the knowledge required for this unit.

1

Relevant maritime regulations dealing with survival at sea following abandonment of vessel

2

Relevant OH&S legislation and policies

3

SOLAS regulations

4

Emergency muster and abandon vessel signals

5

Importance of being ready for any shipboard emergency

6

Procedures for emergency response on board vessels, including abandoning vessel

7

Initial actions for survival on abandonment of vessel as summarised in maritime survival publications such as the AMSA publication 'Survival at Sea - a Training and Instruction Manual'

8

Value of training and emergency drills for enhancing chances of survival at sea

9

Location of lifesaving appliances on a vessel

10

Construction, outfit and particular characteristics of various types of applicable survival craft

11

Equipment found in survival craft, its function and the procedures for its use

12

Procedures for correctly operating and using lifesaving appliances and personal safety equipment on board vessels and survival craft, and specifically:

a

donning a life-jacket and using a life-jacket light and whistle

b

donning an immersion suit (where applicable)

c

deployment of a mob combination light and smoke float

d

use of hand-held pyrotechnics

e

use of hydrostatic releases

f

launching survival craft

14

Threats to survival on abandonment of a vessel and appropriate strategies for countering these threats

15

Ways of maximising detectability and location of survival craft using pyrotechnic distress signals, portable VHF radios, satellite EPIRBs and SARTs

16

IMO safety symbols

17

Procedures for the rationing of food and water in survival craft

18

Personal protective clothing and equipment - its purpose and use

19

Symptoms of hypothermia, its prevention and treatment and the related use of protective covers and garments such as immersion suits and thermal protective aids

20

Maritime communication techniques

REQUIRED SKILLS 

This describes the basic skills required for this unit.

1

Communicate effectively with other personnel and passengers during simulated and real abandon vessel musters and emergencies

2

Read and interpret instructions on emergency procedures and on the use of lifesaving and survival equipment

3

Collect, manage and interpret information on the use of lifesaving equipment and procedures to be followed in the event of the order to abandon vessel

4

Recognise and interpret muster signals appropriately for the indicated emergency

5

Plan the timing and sequence of individual survival actions to be appropriate to the prevailing circumstances and conditions of the emergency and minimise potential dangers and threats to other survivors

6

Work collaboratively with other shipboard personnel and passengers during an emergency

7

Carry out calculations involved in rationing food and water

8

Make appropriate estimates and calculations involved when in charge of survival craft

9

Determine the type and extent of an emergency and determine the appropriate survival action to be taken

10

Right an inverted liferaft

11

Ration food and water

12

Identify hypothermia and provide appropriate treatment

13

Deploy and use survival craft during a simulated emergency.

14

Operate survival radio equipment

15

Don various thermal protective aids, life-jacket and other lifesaving clothing

Evidence Guide

Evidence Guide  

TDMMF1107B SURVIVE AT SEA IN THE EVENT OF VESSEL ABANDONMENT 

The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the Performance Criteria, Required Skills and Knowledge, the Range Statement and the Assessment Guidelines for this Training Package.

1 

Critical aspects of evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit 

Assessment must confirm appropriate knowledge and skills to:

a

Practise survival techniques in suitably simulated situations

b

Operate and use the various types of survival equipment typically found on applicable vessels in suitably simulated situations

c

Participate in abandon vessel musters and drills

d

Communicate effectively with others as required when operating survival craft and ancillary survival equipment

2 

Evidence required for demonstration of consistent performance 

a

Performance is demonstrated consistently over a period of time and in a suitable range of contexts

b

Consistently applies underpinning knowledge and skills when:

1

participating in simulated emergency response musters and drills

2

operating survival equipment

3

applying safety precautions relevant to survival operations

4

assessing operational capability of survival craft and equipment

c

Shows evidence of application of relevant workplace procedures, including:

1

relevant maritime regulations

2

OH&S regulations and hazard prevention policies and procedures

3

accepted survival procedures and maritime survival practice

4

relevant manufacturer's guidelines relating to the operation and use of survival equipment, including instructions on equipment capability and limitations

d

Action is taken promptly to address any problems that may arise when following vessel abandonment procedures

e

Work is completed systematically with required attention to detail

f

Recognises and adapts appropriately to cultural differences in the workplace, including modes of behaviour and interactions between crew and others

Evidence Guide  (continued )

TDMMF1107B SURVIVE AT SEA IN THE EVENT OF VESSEL ABANDONMENT 

3 

Context of assessment 

a

Assessment of competency must comply with the assessment requirements of the relevant maritime regulations

b

Assessment of this unit must be undertaken within relevant marine authority approved and audited arrangements by a registered training organisation:

1

As a minimum, assessment of knowledge must be conducted through appropriate written/oral examinations, and

2

Appropriate practical assessment must occur:

i

at the registered training organisation; and/or

ii

in a suitable training pool

iii

on an appropriate working or training vessel

4 Specific resources required for assessment 

Access is required to opportunities to:

a

carry out a range of suitably simulated practical and knowledge assessments that demonstrate the skills and knowledge to abandon vessel and survive at sea; and/or

b

participate in vessel musters and drills in appropriately simulations of maritime conditions; and/or

c

participate in abandon vessel simulations and drills on board an operational commercial or training vessel

Note: Simulated abandon vessel and survival situations and assessments may require access to survival equipment typically found on the coastal or ocean-going vessels concerned, a training pool with jumping platform or equivalent and immersion suits (where applicable).

Assessments must be conducted in accordance with relevant OH&S requirements. Protective clothing must be worn in accordance with current maritime practices and Australian standards. At least one assessor must hold a current lifesaving qualification appropriate for in-water training and assessment exercises

Range Statement

Range Statement 

TDMMF1107B SURVIVE AT SEA IN THE EVENT OF VESSEL ABANDONMENT 

The Range Statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance.

VARIABLE 

SCOPE 

1 . GENERAL CONTEXT 

a .

Work must be carried out :

1

in compliance with the relevant maritime regulations.

b .

Work is performed :

1

in response to abandon vessel alarms and follow a prescribed range of survival procedures either individually or in a team environment with some accountability for the safety of self and others. This includes response to abandon vessel musters in both simulated and real emergency circumstances.

c .

Work involves :

1

the use of known and defined survival procedures and techniques across a variety of maritime survival contexts.

2 . WORKSITE ENVIRONMENT 

a 

Vessel may include :

1

any Australian or international commercial vessel

b 

Emergencies that may lead to abandonment of vessel include :

1

collision resulting in damage to the integrity of the vessel's hull

2

fire

3

foundering

4

flooding of vessel's compartments

c 

Vessel abandonment may take place :

1

by day or night

2

under normal and adverse conditions of sea and weather

3

while underway

4

while hove to

5

while anchored or moored

6

in appropriately simulated situations

Range Statement  (continued )

TDMMF1107B SURVIVE AT SEA IN THE EVENT OF VESSEL ABANDONMENT 

VARIABLE 

SCOPE 

d 

Dependent on the size and operating range of the vessel its survival craft may include :

1

inflatable liferafts

2

solid liferafts

3

floats

4

free-fall lifeboats

5

davit-launched lifeboats

e 

Lifesaving and survival equipment may include :

1

life-jackets

2

life-buoys

3

hard hats

4

immersion suits and other thermal protective aids

5

rocket line throwing appliances

6

pyrotechnic distress signals

7

GMDSS survival craft VHF radios

8

satellite emergency position indicating radio beacons (EPIRBs)

9

search and rescue transponders (SARTs)

10

whistles

f 

Consumable materials and items that may be used in lifesaving equipment may include :

1

batteries for detectors, radios, beacons, etc.

2

flares

3

survival rations

g 

In-water survival techniques may include :

1

swimming in a life-jacket

2

towing with a life-jacket

3

remaining afloat without a life-jacket

4

donning a life-jacket in water

5

righting an upturned liferaft

6

boarding a liferaft

7

the group huddle

8

heat escape lessening posture

Range Statement  (continued )

TDMMF1107B SURVIVE AT SEA IN THE EVENT OF VESSEL ABANDONMENT 

VARIABLE 

SCOPE 

h 

Threats to survival after abandoning vessel may include :

1

cold water shock

2

hypothermia

3

psychological response to disaster

4

loss of will to live

5

sea sickness

6

dehydration

7

injuries

8

starvation

i 

Documentation and records may include :

1

relevant maritime regulations

2

SOLAS regulations

3

AMSA publication 'Survival at Sea - a Training and Instruction Manual'

4

instructions from official search and rescue authorities

5

vessel's procedures for emergency response, including abandoning vessel

6

manufacturer's instructions for the use of survival craft and equipment

7

instructions of relevant maritime authorities related to survival at sea

8

relevant OH&S legislation, codes of practice, policies and procedures

9

relevant Australian and international standards

j 

Applicable legislation , regulations and codes may include :

1

Relevant maritime regulations, including

i

relevant sections of State and Territory maritime regulations, NSCV and USL Code

ii

IMO STCW 95 Convention and Code dealing with survival at sea and use of survival craft and equipment

iii

relevant sections of AMSA Marine Orders dealing with survival at sea and use of survival craft and equipment

2

Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) regulations

3

relevant international, Commonwealth, State and Territory OH&S legislation

Unit Sector(s)

Not applicable.

Field

Field MF Operational Quality and Safety

Relationship to other units

Relationship to other units 

The unit may be assessed in conjunction with other units that relate to the functions of the occupation(s) concerned