Unit of competency details

SRODRV001B - Drive and recover a 4WD vehicle (Release 1)


Usage recommendation:
Is superseded by and equivalent to SISODRV302A - Drive and recover a 4WD vehicleE Updated and equivalent to SRODRV001B Drive and recover a 4WD vehicle 06/Jun/2011
Supersedes SRODRV001A - Drive and recover a 4wd vehicle 15/Jan/2003

ReleaseRelease date
1 1 (this release) 16/Jan/2003


SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 030515 Automotive Vehicle Operations  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 030515 Automotive Vehicle Operations  16/Jan/2003 
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Modification History

Not applicable.

Unit Descriptor

This unit has been developed for the Outdoor Recreation Industry Training Package.This unit covers the skills and knowledge required to use appropriate range, gear and techniques to drive a four wheel drive vehicle through and over different terrain and apply basic vehicle recovery techniques. It relates only to the specialist skills and knowledge for four wheel drive vehicles. General driving and maintenance skills are covered in other units.  

Application of the Unit

Not applicable.

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Not applicable.


Not applicable.

Employability Skills Information

Not applicable.

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Not applicable.

Elements and Performance Criteria

Elements and Performance Criteria 


Performance Criteria 


Identify four wheel drive specific terms, terminology and techniques 


Identify the structural and handling differences between a conventional two wheel drive and a four wheel drive vehicle


Identify and demonstrate the purpose and use of front wheel hubs


Identify factors affecting tyre size, fitment, rating, and pressure


Identify correctly, recovery hooks and mounting features


Identify hazards associated with incorrect use of vehicle features or equipment


2  Plan for minimal environmental impact 


Determine human impacts caused by outdoor recreation activities  on natural processes and interrelationships and the types of impact likely to occur during four wheel driving and associated activities


Assess if particular settings offer appropriate recreation opportunities by examining the nature of the activities and matching it with the characteristics of the settings 


Identify current management strategies  implemented by land managers for environmental asset management


Demonstrate compliance with land management principles and policies when planning the activity location/site


Comply with policies and management plans relevant to the activity area


Plan and conduct activities in a manner which minimises environmental impact


Adopt and model a positive and caring attitude towards the natural environment throughout activities


Demonstrate cooperation and consideration towards other users in settings where multiple use occurs


Identify basic techniques  to determine the nature and degree of impact and evaluate the effectiveness of minimal impact practices 


Modify impact reduction strategies, where necessary, after evaluation


3  Perform pre-departure checks 


Perform routine pre-departure checks under the bonnet, under the body, and on external and internal items and accessories


Take action to correct any deficiency


Determine food and water requirements for journey


Select suitable navigation equipment where necessary


Interpret weather conditions to determine suitability for activity


Apply safe vehicle loading practices


Secure items of personal luggage safely


Advise passengers of any special safety precautions to be taken when traversing rough terrain


4  Use the features of a four wheel drive vehicle to drive in a variety of terrain types 


Operate four wheel drive vehicles correctly and safely both on and off road, in accordance with road rules, principles of four wheel driving and occupational health and safety regulations


Apply smooth accelerator control strategies over a range of terrain types 


Demonstrate recommended braking techniques for hard top surfaces and off road conditions


Identify situations where the engagement of four wheel drive is required, correctly


Engage correctly, where relevant, front hubs or centre differential lock (constant four wheel drive vehicles)


Survey track to identify hazards, asses risk and select a best route


Select routes to minimise damage to the environment


Use appropriate range, gear, speed, driving and braking technique to negotiate a range of terrain  types whilst maintaining control of vehicle at all times


Perform a stop stall key start recovery procedure on a moderate incline


Check, where necessary, brakes and undercarriage after negotiating varying terrain


Perform repairs to damaged tracks if necessary


Use standardised operating procedures when travelling in company with other vehicles


Maintain appropriate hand positioning on steering wheel


5  Use a single snatch strap to recover a vehicle 


Identify risks associated with vehicle recovery and develop and implement strategies to minimise risks


Identify recovery hooks


Confirm use of recommended mounting strategy on the four wheel drive vehicle and use of rated recovery equipment when practicable


Demonstrate procedures for preparing vehicles for recovery


Demonstrate techniques to minimise impact on the environment during vehicle recovery


Demonstrate techniques for joining 2 snatch straps


Coordinate safe recovery of a four wheel drive vehicle using a single snatch strap


Perform post recovery checks and repairs, correctly


6  Perform maintenance and minor repairs on four wheel drive vehicles 


Select/access maintenance equipment correctly, including spares and fluids, prior to departure after consideration of contextual issues  


Check vehicles regularly prior to and during trip and correctly perform routine maintenance  /repair tasks  


Make vehicle performance reports to the designated person


Demonstrate safe use of a jack to support a four wheel drive vehicle on uneven ground

Required Skills and Knowledge

Not applicable.

Evidence Guide

The Evidence Guide identifies the critical aspects, knowledge and skills to be demonstrated to confirm competence for this unit. This is an integral part of the assessment of competence and should be read in conjunction with the Range Statements

Critical aspects of evidence to be considered 

Assessment must confirm sufficient knowledge of safe four-wheel driving and recovery techniques in the work environment

Assessment of performance should be over a minimum of two (2) different occasions, (for example over consecutive days), covering the prescribed number of categories from the Range Statements

In particular, assessment must confirm the ability to

safely and correctly use the features of a four wheel drive to negotiate a range of different terrain types, both day and night (terrain will vary according to work environment/location)

use appropriate technique and ability to safely recover a four wheel drive vehicle using a single snatch strap

apply maintenance and repair techniques specific to four wheel drive vehicles

be aware of, and use, minimal environmental impact practice

Interdependent assessment of units 

This unit must be assessed after attainment of competency in the following unit(s)

Possess a current open driver's licence

This unit must be assessed in conjunction with the following unit(s)

SROODR002A Plan outdoor recreation activities

For the purpose of integrated assessment, this unit may be assessed in conjunction with the following unit(s)

TDTB03 01A Carry out vehicle maintenance

Required knowledge and skills 

Required knowledge

Features and handling characteristics of four wheel drive vehicles

Four wheel driving techniques in different terrain

Terms used to describe four wheel drive capabilities (approach and departure angles, ramp over angle, ground clearance, suspension travel)

Differences between four wheel drive and four wheel drive vehicles and their impacts on vehicle operation and capability

Tyre management principles

Environmental impact of four wheel driving

Occupational Health and Safety legislation relevant to the use of four wheel drive vehicles

Use of single snatch straps to recover vehicles and hazards associated with vehicle recovery

Techniques for travelling in convoy

Minimum impact codes

Legal and statutory requirements (of land management agencies)

Specific problems of fragile environments or threatened species

Area restrictions

Natural processes and interrelationships occurring within natural environments and the manner in which interrelationships between natural processes can be affected 

General knowledge of factors affecting land management planning (eg, limits of acceptable change, recreation succession)

Familiarity with terms used in planning for appropriate use of sites/locations (recreation setting, recreation opportunity)

Cultural protocols for making contact and communicating with indigenous people and organisations

Practices which may be implemented to minimise impact (eg, avoidance of sensitive areas, appropriate site and route selection, limited party size, keeping to marked tracks or routes, campfire management and rehabilitation)

Practices and procedures used by land management authorities to reduce impact

restricting access

limiting group size

seasonal restrictions,

use of permits

enforcing Codes of Ethics and Conduct

Required skills

Four wheel driving techniques in different terrain

Skills and attitude to reduce environmental impact

Vehicle recovery using single snatch straps  

Research and evaluation of impact through observation and questioning 

Problem solving and solution focused strategies

Resource implications 

Physical resources - assessment of this competency requires access to

a suitable four wheel drive vehicle

a suitable outdoor environment where four wheel drive skills may be demonstrated

maintenance/repair resources

recovery equipment

food and water resources

map(s) and compass

Human resources - assessment of this unit of competency will require human resources consistent with those outlined in the Assessment Guidelines. That is, an assessor (or persons within the assessment team) must

be competent in this unit but preferably be competent in the unit at the level above, i.e., SRODRV002B

be competent, as a minimum, in the units SRXFAD001A, SRXRIK001A and SRXEMR001A to ensure adequate risk management during the assessment

be current in their knowledge and understanding of the industry through provision of evidence of professional activity in the relevant area

have attained the mandatory competency requirements for assessors under the Australian Quality Training Framework (AQTF) as specified in Standard 7.3 of the Standards for Registered Training Organisations 

Consistency in performance 

Due to issues such as the variation in possible terrains, this unit must be assessed over a minimum of two (2) different occasions, (for example over consecutive days), in order to ensure consistency of performance over the prescribed number of variables and contexts applicable

Context for assessment 

This unit must be assessed on the job through practical demonstration or through simulation with a four wheel drive vehicle in environments where four wheel drive skills may be demonstrated

Assessment of this unit of competence will usually include observation of processes and procedures, oral and/or written questioning on required knowledge and skills and consideration of required attitudes

Where performance is not directly observed and/or is required to be demonstrated over a 'period of time' and/or in a 'number of locations', any evidence should be authenticated by colleagues, supervisors, clients or other appropriate persons


Collect, Analyse&Organise Information

Communicate Ideas&Information

Plan&Organise Activities

Work with Others&in Teams

Use Mathematical Ideas&Techniques

Solve Problems

Use Technology








These levels do not relate to the Australian Qualifications Framework. They relate to the seven areas of generic competency that underpin effective workplace practices.

The three levels of performance (1, 2 and 3) denote the level of competency required to perform the task:

Use routine approaches

Select from routine approaches

Establish new approaches

Collecting , analysing and organising information  - Collecting information regarding the proposed route of the journey

Communicating ideas and information  - Advising passengers of any special safety precautions that need to be taken

Planning and organising activities  - Planning sufficient fuel for the activity

Working with teams and others  - Assisting others to recover a vehicle

Using mathematical ideas and techniques  - Ensuring suitable tyre pressures

Solving problems  - Recovering a stuck vehicle

Using technology  - Using a snatch strap and winch

Please refer to the Assessment Guidelines for advice on how to use the Key Competencies.

Range Statement

Range Statements 

The Range Statements provide advice to interpret the scope and context of this unit of competence, allowing for differences between enterprises and workplaces. The Range Statements relate to the unit as a whole and helps facilitate holistic assessment. In addition, the following variables may be present for this particular unit of competency



Basic techniques 

[all categories]



Characteristics of the settings 

[all categories]        

biological, including





social, including

number of people present and activities they pursue

managerial, including



access regulations

Contextual issues 

[all categories]

duration of trip

type of terrain to be covered

remoteness of area to be visited

Impacts caused by outdoor recreation activities 

[all categories]

pollution with foreign matter (human waste, rubbish, soap, detergent)

vegetation tramping and breakage

breakage and dislodgment of rock and other formations

compaction of soil and other deposits

disturbance of fauna

introduction of new flora and fauna

chemical alteration of environments

damage to, or inappropriate behaviour in, cultural sites


reduction in decomposing timber

campfire scars


intrusion into private lives and culture

development of facilities and signs

Management strategies 

[all categories]

dispersal of use

concentration of use

site location

site hardening or shielding

type of use


size limitations

Range of terrain types 

[six categories]

moderate inclines (up and down)

sloping terrain

very soft ground

rocky areas


axle deep water crossings

mud/black soil

snow/ice (where relevant)

Routine maintenance /repair tasks 

[all categories]

changing wheels in uneven terrain

fluid top - up

Unit Sector(s)

Not applicable.