Unit of competency details

SITXFIN003A - Interpret financial information (Release 1)


Usage recommendation:
Is superseded by SITXFIN401 - Interpret financial informationSignificant changes to Elements, Performance Criteria and Required Knowledge to refocus the unit. 17/Jan/2013
Supersedes and is equivalent to THHGFA06A - Interpret financial information 31/Dec/2010

ReleaseRelease date
1 1 (this release) 01/Jan/2011

Qualifications that include this unit

CodeSort Table listing Qualifications that include this unit by the Code columnTitleSort Table listing Qualifications that include this unit by the Title columnUsage RecommendationRelease
SIT30407 - Certificate III in Tourism (Visitor Information Services)Certificate III in Tourism (Visitor Information Services)Deleted
SIT30707 - Certificate III in HospitalityCertificate III in HospitalitySuperseded
SIT40307 - Certificate IV in HospitalityCertificate IV in HospitalitySuperseded
SIT30307 - Certificate III in Tourism (Tour Wholesaling)Certificate III in Tourism (Tour Wholesaling)Deleted
SIT30907 - Certificate III in Hospitality (Asian Cookery)Certificate III in Hospitality (Asian Cookery)Superseded
SIT40207 - Certificate IV in TourismCertificate IV in TourismSuperseded
SIT40407 - Certificate IV in Hospitality (Commercial Cookery)Certificate IV in Hospitality (Commercial Cookery)Superseded
SIT40809 - Certificate IV in Holiday Parks and ResortsCertificate IV in Holiday Parks and ResortsSuperseded
SIT50207 - Diploma of EventsDiploma of EventsSuperseded
SIT40607 - Certificate IV in Hospitality (Catering Operations)Certificate IV in Hospitality (Catering Operations)Superseded
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SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 080101 Accounting  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 080101 Accounting  14/Dec/2009 
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Modification History

Not applicable.

Unit Descriptor

Unit descriptor 

This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to interpret the types of financial information used by operational supervisors and managers in their day-to-day work activities. The unit focuses on understanding key financial terminology, different types of financial reports and on how financial information is used in the management of a business.

This unit is therefore related to other financial units such as: SITXFIN004A Manage finances within a budget, SITXFIN005A Prepare and monitor budgets, and SITXFIN008A Manage financial operations.

Application of the Unit

Application of the unit 

This unit applies in any industry context and to a wide range of individuals who need to interpret financial data to inform their work practice, including senior operational staff, supervisors and managers.

This unit does not include the skills required to produce financial reports that would generally be created by senior managers, financial specialists or accountants.

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Not applicable.


Prerequisite units 


Employability Skills Information

Employability skills 

The required outcomes described in this unit of competency contain applicable facets of employability skills. The Employability Skills Summary of the qualification in which this unit is packaged will assist in identifying employability skills requirements.

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Elements describe the essential outcomes of a unit of competency.

Performance criteria describe the required performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Where bold italicised  text is used, further information is detailed in the required skills and knowledge and/or the range statement. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the evidence guide.

Elements and Performance Criteria




Access and interpret financial information.


Identify and use relevant business performance indicators and benchmarks for decision-making purposes.


Identify the range of financial information  and reports required to monitor business performance effectively on a day-to-day operational management level.


Access and review relevant financial information  at appropriate times according to organisation policy and financial reporting periods.


Interpret financial information  correctly.


Apply financial information to work activities.


Identify financial information  that applies to particular areas of work operation.


Review financial information  in terms of its impact on day-to-day work operations and take action accordingly.


Share appropriate financial information  with colleagues in a timely manner.

Required Skills and Knowledge


This section describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level, required for this unit.

The following skills must be assessed as part of this unit:

  • critical thinking skills to evaluate financial information and determine its impact and importance for day-to-day workplace operations
  • literacy skills to interpret a wide range of business documentation
  • numeracy skills to interpret and use financial reports.

The following knowledge must be assessed as part of this unit:

  • understanding of the basic features of accounting and how it provides information for business management, including:
  • charts of accounts and account categories, such as assets, liabilities, equity, cost of sales, income and expense
  • basic rules underpinning double-entry accounting and the concept of debits and credits
  • accrual versus cash accounting
  • profit and loss statements and balance sheets as key financial statements used to measure business performance, including their role; how these reports are generated; and the format, features and key information an operational manager should look for
  • reporting periods, including variations different financial years observed by different businesses
  • concept of reconciliations
  • concept of costing, including fixed and variable costs
  • general features of computerised accounting packages, including the types of packages suitable for different industry sectors
  • overview of the financial record-keeping process and key terminology, including:
  • ledgers, subsidiary ledgers and journals
  • transactions, receipts and disbursements
  • invoices, accounts payable, debtors and creditors
  • reconciliations, including purpose, different types of reconciliation and the impact of unpresented cheques, bank charges, direct debits and credits on reconciliations
  • cash flow
  • financial terminology used specific to different industry sectors, e.g. average spend, cover, ullage and Travel Compensation Fund requirements
  • overview of GST accounting and reporting processes for business and the impact of this on day-to-day operations.

Evidence Guide


The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, the range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for this Training Package.

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit 

Evidence of the following is essential:

  • understanding of the accounting process and of key accounting terminology
  • ability to interpret financial information and determine the relationship between the information and the performance of a business.

Context of and specific resources for assessment 

Assessment must ensure:

  • use of commercially realistic financial data and reports.

Methods of assessment 

A range of assessment methods should be used to assess practical skills and knowledge. The following examples are appropriate for this unit:

  • case studies that allow the candidate to report on business performance through analysis of financial reports
  • oral or written questions to assess knowledge and understanding of accounting concepts and terminology
  • review of portfolios of evidence and third-party workplace reports of on-the-job performance by the candidate.

Holistic assessment with other units relevant to the industry sector, workplace and job role is recommended, for example:

  • SITXFIN004A Manage finances within a budget
  • SITXFIN005A Prepare and monitor budgets
  • SITXFIN008A Manage financial operations.

Assessing employability skills 

Employability skills are integral to effective performance in the workplace and are broadly consistent across industry sectors. How these skills are applied varies between occupations and qualifications due to the different work functions and contexts.

Employability skills embedded in this unit should be assessed holistically with other relevant units that make up the skill set or qualification and in the context of the job role.

Range Statement


The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording in the performance criteria is detailed below.

Financial information :

  • must include:
  • source documents
  • journal entries
  • transaction reports
  • account summaries and balances
  • balance sheets
  • profit and loss statements
  • invoices
  • budget reports
  • expenditure reports (labour or non-labour)
  • may include:
  • trial balance
  • receivable reports
  • purchase summary reports
  • stock reports
  • variance reports
  • wastage reports
  • sales reports
  • supporting reports, such as covers, occupancy rates, staff costs and units sold
  • business activity statements
  • labour and wages reports
  • cash flow reports
  • bank statements
  • bank deposit documentation
  • merchant statements
  • transaction exemption reports
  • cheque books
  • credit card transaction statements
  • banking summaries
  • merchant summaries.

Unit Sector(s)



Competency field

Competency field