Unit of competency details

SISONAV201A - Demonstrate navigation skills in a controlled environment (Release 2)


Usage recommendation:
Is superseded by SISOFLD006 - Navigate in tracked environmentsNot equivalent. Title changed. Unit recategorised to Field Operations. Track grade and conditions clarified in title and throughout unit. Significant changes to performance criteria and knowledge evidence. 10/Sep/2019
Supersedes and is equivalent to SRONAV001B - Navigate in tracked or easy untracked areasE Updated and equivalent to SRONAV001B Navigate in tracked or easy untracked areas 06/Jun/2011

Release Status:
ReleaseRelease date
2 (this release) 28/Nov/2011
(View details for release 1) 07/Jun/2011

Training packages that include this unit

CodeTitleSort Table listing Training packages that include this unit by the Title columnRelease
SIS10 - Sport, Fitness and Recreation Training PackageSport, Fitness and Recreation Training Package 1.3-3.1 
DEF12 - Defence Training PackageDefence Training Package 2.0 
DEF - Defence Training PackageDefence Training Package 1.0-2.3 

Qualifications that include this unit

Accredited courses that have this unit in the completion mapping


SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 092101 Sport And Recreation Activities  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 092101 Sport And Recreation Activities  18/Nov/2011 
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Modification History

Not Applicable

Unit Descriptor

This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to navigate in controlled environments where there are significant landmarks.

Application of the Unit

This unit applies to those working as assistant outdoor recreation guides, such as bushwalking or skiing, under supervision, in controlled environments that are reliably marked on maps and are obvious on the ground, snow or in the water.

This unit may also apply to outdoor recreation leaders working for outdoor education or adventure providers; volunteer groups; not-for-profit organisations or government agencies.

Licensing/Regulatory Information

No licensing, regulatory or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of endorsement.



Employability Skills Information

This unit contains employability skills.

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Elements and Performance Criteria



Elements describe the essential outcomes of a unit of competency.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Where bold italicised text is used, further information is detailed in the required skills and knowledge section and the range statement. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the Evidence Guide.

1. Plan for navigation.

1.1. Obtain and become familiar with map or maps  for the activity.

1.2. Identify symbols and information  contained on the map and how these may be used in navigation.

1.3. Apply information contained on the map to plan an efficient route or course and consider all relevant factors .

1.4. Obtain and identify features of a compass and how it is used to maintain a designated course.

1.5. Calculate grid and magnetic bearings using a map and compass.

1.6. Obtain additional information  to assist in navigation from the map.

1.7. Identify emergency or contingency escape routes.

2. Navigate in controlled environments.

2.1. Orientate map to surroundings  with and without the use of a compass.

2.2. Follow a route in controlled environments , demonstrating use of navigation aids  according to relevant legislation  and organisational policies and procedures .

2.3. Apply techniques for estimating distance  travelled.

2.4. Maintain, where necessary, a compass course while bypassing an obstacle .

2.5. Identify unknown features in the field using map and compass.

2.6. Select a route or course for the surroundings and conditions.

3. Evaluate navigations.

3.1. Evaluate relevant aspects .

3.2. Identify improvements for future navigations.

Required Skills and Knowledge

This section describes the skills and knowledge required for this unit.

Required skills 

  • literacy skills to:
  • read and interpret maps
  • follow instructions and procedures
  • planning and organising skills to:
  • obtain navigation equipment
  • plan a route or course
  • communication skills to interact with group leader and other participants to maintain a positive and safe environment while navigating
  • numeracy skills to navigate and calculate grid and magnetic bearings and distances using a map and compass.

Required knowledge 

  • legislation and organisational policies and procedures to enable safe conduct of all activities
  • different types of maps, and their advantages and disadvantages to enable appropriate map selection
  • map features, including symbols, contour lines, scales, grid lines and legends to enable effective map reading
  • features of a compass, their use and factors that affect compass accuracy
  • route planning and factors that should be considered, such as weather and type of terrain
  • navigation techniques in controlled environments to determine distance, location, direction and potential hazards.

Evidence Guide

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment 

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit 

Evidence of the following is essential:

  • applies relevant process to plan a route in controlled environments and demonstrates navigation techniques to orientate and follow directions
  • seeks advice and feedback from leader to improve skills and ensure safety of self and group
  • evaluates and reflects on own navigation performance to identify strengths, weaknesses and areas that need improvement.

Context of and specific resources for assessment 

Assessment must ensure participation in navigation activities in controlled environments that are of sufficient breadth and duration to demonstrate competency and consistency of performance.

Assessment must also ensure access to:

  • a suitable outdoor location, with tracks that are reliably marked on maps, are obvious on the ground and are inspected on a regular basis that align with Class 4 Tracks within the Australian Standard for Walking Tracks
  • navigation equipment such as map or maps, compass and activity specific equipment.

Method of assessment 

A range of assessment methods should be used to assess practical skills and knowledge. The following examples are appropriate for this unit:

  • observation of the planning and review process with evidence of reference to resources and aids
  • oral or written questioning to assess knowledge of navigation techniques
  • observation of safe participation and demonstration of navigation skills, such as maintaining a compass course while bypassing an obstacle
  • third-party reports from a supervisor detailing performance.

Holistic assessment with other units relevant to the industry sector, workplace and job role is recommended, for example:

  • SISOBWG201A Bushwalk in controlled environments


  • SISOSKT201A Demonstrate basic cross country skiing skills


  • SISORAF201A Demonstrate rafting skills on moving water.

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

Map or maps  may include:

  • cadastral and topographic maps
  • charts
  • guide books and diagrams.

Symbols and information  may include:

  • grid lines and numbers
  • contour lines
  • scale
  • map legend
  • topographic features
  • markers and beacons
  • water depth.

Relevant factors  may include:

  • type of terrain and gradient
  • weather conditions
  • experience
  • hazards
  • access to required resources and facilities.

Additional information  may include:

  • altitude gain or loss
  • distance
  • gradient
  • travelling time
  • magnetic bearings
  • water depth.

Surroundings  may include:

  • ground or terrain
  • snow conditions
  • bodies of water
  • beacons and markers
  • natural formations
  • landmarks
  • man-made features.

Controlled environments  may include:

  • areas reliably marked on maps
  • areas obvious on the ground or snow or water
  • tracks align with Class 4 Tracks within the Australian Standard for Walking Tracks.

Navigation aids  may include:

  • track and creek junctions and crossings
  • survey markers
  • beacons
  • track markers
  • cairns
  • paths
  • lines
  • signs
  • arrows
  • compass
  • man-made objects or features
  • transits.

Relevant legislation  may include:

  • occupational health and safety
  • permits or permission for access
  • environmental regulations.

Organisational policies and procedures  may include:

  • occupational health and safety
  • use and maintenance of equipment
  • communication protocols
  • code of ethics.

Techniques for estimating distance  may include:

  • time
  • observation of surroundings
  • pacing.

Obstacles  may include:

  • rivers
  • logs
  • rocks
  • gullies
  • trees
  • snow conditions
  • exposed areas.

Relevant aspects  may include:

  • objectives
  • planning process
  • activity site
  • weather
  • equipment selection
  • clothing selection
  • food selection
  • instructional content
  • instructional technique
  • assessment technique
  • group feedback
  • directing techniques
  • rescue techniques employed.

Unit Sector(s)

Outdoor Recreation

Competency Field