Unit of competency details

SISCAQU010 - Instruct swimming strokes (Release 1)


Usage recommendation:
Supersedes and is equivalent to SISCAQU310A - Instruct swimming strokesUpdated to meet Standards for Training Packages. 02/Sep/2015

Release Status:
ReleaseRelease date
1 1 (this release) 03/Sep/2015


SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 092103 Sports Coaching, Officiating And Instruction  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 092103 Sports Coaching, Officiating And Instruction  07/Dec/2015 
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Unit Of competency

Modification History

Not applicable.


This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to develop lesson plans and instruct survival and competitive swimming strokes to a range of clients including children and adults.

This unit applies to those conducting learn-to-swim and water safety classes in swimming pools and confined natural shallow water venues. Work is performed according to relevant legislation, including working with children and/or vulnerable people checks, organisational policies and procedures and best practice principles of aquatic activities.

No occupational licensing, certification or specific legislative requirements apply to this unit at the time of publication.

Pre-requisite Unit


Competency Field


Unit Sector

Community Recreation

Elements and Performance Criteria



Elements describe the essential outcomes

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element.

1. Analyse the strokes of swimming.

1.1 Identify the basic biomechanical principles of the strokes of swimming and break each part into its components.

1.2 Identify observable body movements for each stage of the skill in order of performing importance.

1.3 Identify and document technique checklist.

2. Develop lesson plans.

2.1 Consider participant group characteristics and identify swimming skills to be developed.

2.2 Assess participant readiness to acquire the relevant skills.

2.3 Determine instructional methods appropriate to the participant group.

2.4 Determine appropriate drills, activities and/or games for the participant group.

2.5 Develop and document lesson plans that incorporate key instructional information.

3. Conduct lessons.

3.1 Allocate sufficient space, assemble resources and check equipment for safety and maintenance requirements.

3.2 Provide clear and accurate instruction on drills, activities and games and confirm understanding.

3.3 Introduce participants to the water in an appropriate manner.

3.4 Demonstrate skills and techniques to participant group.

3.5 Observe and monitor participation and performance of each participant according to principles of movement in water and adjust as required.

3.6 Select and use communication techniques that encourage and support participants.

3.7 Modify lesson as required according to participant needs and factors that affect skills development.

3.8 Respond to participants experiencing difficulties and answer questions as required.

3.9 Use techniques to maintain group control.

3.10 Monitor time and complete drills, activities or games within allocated time.

3.11 Complete lesson documentation and progress notes.

4. Review and adapt the instruction.

4.1 Request and respond to feedback from participants.

4.2 Identify aspects needing further emphasis or attention in future sessions.

4.3 Review own performance and identify areas needing improvement.

4.4 Implement modifications to future instruction in response to feedback and review of participant progress.

Foundation Skills

Foundation skills essential to performance are explicit in the performance criteria of this unit of competency.

Unit Mapping Information

SISCAQU310A Instruct swimming strokes


Companion Volume implementation guides are found in VETNet - https://vetnet.gov.au/Pages/TrainingDocs.aspx?q=1ca50016-24d2-4161-a044-d3faa200268b


Assessment requirements

Modification History

Not applicable.

Performance Evidence

Evidence of the ability to complete tasks outlined in elements and performance criteria of this unit in the context of the job role, and:

  • instruct swimming strokes to both children and adults according to legal, ethical and organisational requirements
  • develop and implement at least three lesson plans that individually or cumulatively incorporate the following strokes, and documents the teaching points, class formations, safety and equipment considerations:
  • freestyle
  • backstroke
  • butterfly
  • breaststroke
  • sidestroke
  • survival backstroke
  • use and modify the following instructional strategies for individuals and groups:
  • whole skill
  • progressive part
  • demonstration
  • command and response
  • experiential or problem-solving
  • techniques to encourage the reluctant participant
  • reflect on the following key aspects of instruction:
  • the lesson
  • teaching methods used
  • risk management
  • potential ways to enhance learning opportunities.

Knowledge Evidence

Demonstrated knowledge required to complete the tasks outlined in elements and performance criteria of this unit:

  • legal, ethical and organisational requirements and responsibilities for instruction:
  • codes of conduct
  • work health and safety/occupational health and safety
  • working with children
  • duty of care/safe conduct of activities
  • best practice principles of aquatic activities
  • mandatory reporting
  • implications of negligence
  • waivers and exclusion clauses
  • insurance
  • anti-discrimination and equal opportunity
  • privacy and confidentiality
  • communication protocols
  • a recognised swimming teachers code of conduct
  • swimwear and personal protective equipment
  • principles of session planning to develop activity-specific plans:
  • expectations and aspirations of clients
  • numbers of clients
  • client background, experience and developmental stage
  • staff and financial resources
  • cultural and political influences
  • involvement and interest of parents
  • length and number of sessions
  • equipment, materials and provisions
  • precautions and other health and safety information
  • learning styles to enable the use of a variety of activities to cater for different client learning preferences:
  • auditory
  • kinaesthetic
  • visual
  • sensory
  • principles of growth and development to select and sequence appropriate tasks and activities
  • instructional methods and principles:
  • whole skill strategies
  • progressive part strategies
  • demonstration strategies
  • command and response strategies
  • experiential or problem-solving strategies
  • techniques to encourage the reluctant participant
  • elements of the following swimming and survival strokes:
  • freestyle
  • backstroke
  • butterfly
  • breaststroke
  • sidestroke
  • survival backstroke
  • techniques and progressions commonly required for teaching the following swimming and survival strokes:
  • freestyle
  • backstroke
  • butterfly
  • breaststroke
  • sidestroke
  • survival backstroke
  • major stroke faults and how to appropriately correct them
  • the aspects of a body of water:
  • body position and density
  • vertical and lateral rotation
  • balance
  • forces effecting movement in water and the factors that affect each force:
  • buoyancy:
  • density
  • shape
  • symmetry and asymmetry
  • breathing
  • centre of gravity
  • centre of buoyancy
  • propulsion:
  • lift force
  • water friction
  • levers
  • resistance:
  • skin
  • frontal
  • eddy
  • characteristics of the following participant groups and appropriate drills for the various characteristics:
  • age
  • stage of development
  • physical or intellectual characteristics
  • cultural and situational factors
  • conditions, factors and external influences that affect participant uptake of skill:
  • physical, intellectual and emotional characteristics
  • environmental conditions
  • other facility users
  • spectators
  • parents
  • other instructors
  • background noise and distractions
  • class size
  • water depth
  • available water space
  • use, maintenance and care of swimming instructional equipment
  • group management techniques
  • communication techniques that support and encourage participants
  • cardiopulmonary resuscitation techniques to enable initial response to emergencies as per Australian Resuscitation Council (ARC) guidelines.

Assessment Conditions

Skills must be demonstrated in:

  • a workplace or simulated aquatic facility or confined natural shallow water environment.

Assessment must ensure use of:

  • organisational policies and procedures appropriate to risk management
  • swimming instructional equipment:
  • flotation devices
  • ropes
  • reaching poles
  • pool safety equipment
  • participants to whom instruction is provided, these can be:
  • participants in a workplace, or
  • individuals who participate in project activities, role plays or simulated activities, set up for the purpose of assessment, within a training organisation.

Assessment must ensure access to:

  • first aid facilities and equipment.

Assessment activities that allow the individual to:

  • develop and conduct lessons in industry required timeframes
  • respond to problems that typically arise during swimming instruction.

Assessors must satisfy the Standards for Registered Training Organisations’ requirements for assessors.


Companion Volume implementation guides are found in VETNet - https://vetnet.gov.au/Pages/TrainingDocs.aspx?q=1ca50016-24d2-4161-a044-d3faa200268b