Unit of competency details

PUASAR002B - Undertake road accident rescue (Release 1)


Usage recommendation:
Is superseded by and equivalent to PUASAR024A - Undertake road crash rescueUnit updated to reflect current work requirements Units are equivalent 10/Feb/2011

ReleaseRelease date
1 1 (this release) 09/Feb/2011

Qualifications that include this unit


SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 091105 Police Studies  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 091105 Police Studies  03/Sep/2009 
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Modification History

Not applicable.

Unit Descriptor

Unit Descriptor 

This unit covers the competency to undertake road accident rescue operations as a member of a rescue team.

Application of the Unit

Application of the Unit 

The application of this unit in the workplace - the environments, complexities and situations involved - will be written during Phase II of the Review of the PUA00 Public Safety Training Package.

This text will be useful for the purposes of job descriptions, recruitment advice or job analysis; where possible, it will not be too job specific to allow other industries to import it into other Training Packages, where feasible.

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Not applicable.


Prerequisite Unit /s 

PUAEME002C Manage injuries at emergency incident

PUASAR001B Participate in a rescue operation

Employability Skills Information

Employability Skills 

This unit contains employability skills.

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Elements describe the essential outcomes of a Unit of Competency.

Performance Criteria describe the required performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Where bold italicised text is used, further information is detailed in the Required Skills and Knowledge and/or the Range Statement. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the Evidence Guide.

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Prepare for road accident rescue 

1.1 Equipment is checked and serviced to ensure it is ready for use

1.2 Operation and task information is obtained and analysed

1.3 Rescue equipment  is selected based on incident information

1.4 Personal protective equipment  is selected relevant to the nature of the rescue operation

2. Establish and maintain rescue scene safety 

2.1 A safe working area is established and maintained to prevent injury to self and others

2.2 Vehicle /s are stabilised  to prevent movement during access and removal in accordance with organisational standards and procedures

2.3 Hazards  are minimised during the rescue operation to prevent injury to self or others

2.4 Scene management procedures  are followed in accordance with organisational procedures and legal requirements

2.5 The incident scene is prepared to facilitate the prompt and safe rescue of casualties

3. Manage casualties 

3.1 Casualties are assessed and stabilised to minimise further injury or discomfort during rescue operations

3.2 Nature of injuries/entrapment is ascertained to develop an extrication plan 

3.3 Support is provided to medical personnel assisting with the treatment of the entrapped person/s as required

4. Remove casualties from entrapment 

4.1 Access plans are determined in consultation with team leader and medical staff

4.2 Procedures are implemented to protect the casualties from further injury or discomfort during access and removal

4.3 An access path is provided for removal of casualties using appropriate rescue techniques  and equipment

4.4 Casualties an/or deceased persons are removed from vehicle using appropriate rescue removal techniques  and rescue equipment

5. Conclude road accident rescue operations 

5.1 Accident scene is preserved  for investigating officers

5.2 Equipment is recovered, cleaned and maintained in accordance with manufacturer's guidelines and organisational procedures prior to leaving the scene

5.3 Hygiene procedures are followed in accordance with organisational procedures

5.4 Where identified, signs and symptoms of operational stress in self and others are recognised and reported to appropriate personnel

5.5 Operational debrief is participated in and documentation  is completed to organisational standards

Required Skills and Knowledge


This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level, required for this unit.

Required Skills 

  • ability to work in a multi-agency environment
  • ability to work in teams
  • apply emergency care practices
  • apply relevant RAR techniques
  • apply scene management procedures
  • disaster victim identification procedures
  • initial (ongoing) scene assessment
  • wearing of appropriate PPE

Required Knowledge 

  • awareness of the need to return equipment to operational readiness after use
  • dangers associated with SRS
  • documentation requirements
  • emergency care
  • equipment characteristics and safe working loads in rescue operations
  • establishment and maintenance of safe working areas and minimisation of hazards
  • hazards and environmental threats
  • infection control procedures
  • legal requirements for responders
  • methods of access
  • operating procedures and organisational standards
  • operational briefing and debriefing procedures
  • personal hygiene protocols
  • RAR techniques
  • reconnaissance processes
  • relevant occupational health and safety principles and practices
  • rescue equipment manufacturer's operational guidelines
  • road accident rescue concepts as described in the Australian Emergency Manual - Road Accident Rescue
  • roles and responsibilities of, and relationship with, other emergency services
  • use of personal protective equipment
  • vehicle construction and dangers in cutting vehicle parts and panels

Evidence Guide


Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit 

It is essential for this unit that competence be demonstrated in extrication of casualty/s; minimising further injury or discomfort while conducting rescue operation; application of safe work practices

Consistency in performance 

Evidence should be gathered over a period of time in a range of actual or simulated workplace environments

Context of and specific resources for assessment 

Context of assessment 

Evidence of competent performance should be obtained by observing an individual in a variety of actual and simulated road accident rescues using a range of equipment

Specific resources for assessment 

Access to vehicles for exercise simulations

Guidance information for assessment 

Information that will assist or guide assessment will be written during Phase II of the Review of the PUA00 Public Safety Training Package.

Range Statement


The Range Statement relates to the Unit of Competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised  wording in the Performance Criteria is detailed below.

Operational task information may include 


type and number of casualties/vehicles

environmental and other hazards

other agencies responding

Rescue equipment may include 

air operated equipment




electrical tools

firefighting equipment

patient protection equipment



spreading and winching equipment

scene warning and traffic control equipment

generators and lighting equipment

hand tools

stabilising equipment

Casualty protection procedures may include 

padding of sharp hazards (hard and soft protection)

shielding from debris

glass and tools

PPE for casualty (helmet, glasses, dust mask, ear protection)

Personal protective equipment may include 

protective clothing


ear protection

eye protection

infection protection

high visibility clothing

Hazards may include 



water and sewerage utilities

hazardous materials/dangerous substances

vehicle fuel

vehicle glass

vehicle fuel systems

difficult terrain

adverse weather

after dark operations

traffic and bystanders

supplementary restraint systems


other road users

Extrication plan may include 

controlled release

immediate release

alternate entries

Scene management procedures may include 

traffic control

management of bystanders and media

cordoning and screening scene

searches for missing occupants

glass management

isolation of vehicle electrical systems

access and egress

removal of hazards

consider preserving evidence

staging areas

positioning of response vehicles

Vehicle stabilisation techniques may include 







Appropriate rescue techniques may include 

door removal

side removal

third door entry

folding down sill

roof removal techniques

  • full roof flap
  • forward roof flap
  • side roof flap

foot well/front seat techniques

  • pulling the column
  • lifting the dash
  • dash roll
  • winching the dash
  • exposing the foot well

side impact techniques

  • cross ramming

overturned vehicle techniques

  • inverted side removal
  • flapping the floor pan
  • inverted ramming

light commercial vehicle techniques

  • van dash roll

Rescue removal techniques may include 

use of spinal immobilisation device

spine board (back board)

cervical collars

KED extrication device

Preservation of accident scene may include 

defining and redefining scene boundary

securing the scene

preservation of evidence and related legal requirements

Operational documentation may include 

incident field notes

post operational report

incident report

exposure records

organisation's reporting system

Unit Sector(s)

Not applicable.

Corequisite Unit/s

Co-requisite Unit /s