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Unit of competency details

PMAWHS310 - Investigate incidents (Release 1)

Summary

Usage recommendation:
Current
Mapping:
MappingNotesDate
Supersedes and is equivalent to PMAOHS310B - Investigate incidentsSupersedes and is equivalent to PMAOHS310B Investigate incidents 01/Jun/2016

Release Status:
Current
Releases:
ReleaseRelease date
1 1 (this release) 02/Jun/2016


Qualifications that include this unit

CodeSort Table listing Qualifications that include this unit by the Code columnTitleSort Table listing Qualifications that include this unit by the Title columnUsage RecommendationRelease
PMA30116 - Certificate III in Process Plant OperationsCertificate III in Process Plant OperationsSuperseded
UEG40220 - Certificate IV in Gas Supply Industry OperationsCertificate IV in Gas Supply Industry OperationsSuperseded1-2 
UEG30118 - Certificate III in Gas Supply Industry OperationsCertificate III in Gas Supply Industry OperationsSuperseded
UEG40118 - Certificate IV in Gas Supply Industry OperationsCertificate IV in Gas Supply Industry OperationsSuperseded
PMA30120 - Certificate III in Process Plant OperationsCertificate III in Process Plant OperationsCurrent1-2 
UEG40221 - Certificate IV in Gas Supply Industry OperationsCertificate IV in Gas Supply Industry OperationsCurrent
PMA40116 - Certificate IV in Process Plant TechnologyCertificate IV in Process Plant TechnologyCurrent1-4 
UEG30120 - Certificate III in Gas Supply Industry OperationsCertificate III in Gas Supply Industry OperationsSuperseded1-2 
DEF30220 - Certificate III in Explosive Ordnance ManufactureCertificate III in Explosive Ordnance ManufactureCurrent
UEG30121 - Certificate III in Gas Supply Industry OperationsCertificate III in Gas Supply Industry OperationsCurrent
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Classifications

SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 061301 Occupational Health And Safety  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 061301 Occupational Health And Safety  14/Oct/2016 
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Unit Of competency

Modification History

Release 1. Supersedes and is equivalent to PMAOHS310B Investigate incidents

Application

This unit of competency covers the skills and knowledge required to investigate incidents in the workplace. These incidents can vary from large to small, completely internal or partially externally coordinated. They include all types of incidents and emergencies (e.g. process, work health and safety (WHS), and environmental).

An incident is an event which causes, or could have caused, injury or illness; damage to plant, material or the environment; disruption to production or public alarm.

An incident is an unintended event, or an unintended consequence of an intended event, such as:

  • fire and explosion
  • loss of containment
  • excursions above/below acceptable limits for emissions or plant conditions
  • excursions above occupational hygiene or biological exposure limits
  • non-compliance with regulatory requirements
  • security breaches
  • failure to follow procedures
  • complaints
  • vehicle incidents
  • on/off-site incidents.

This unit of competency applies to operators who are required to secure the incident site, identify and examine a range of evidence to determine likely cause of incident, record evidence and analyse results to identify improvements to procedures/processes.

This unit of competency applies to experienced operators, technicians, supervisors, and those in similar roles who undertake internal investigations of minor incidents and/or who assist in external investigations of more major incidents.

The exact definition of the scope of responsibility will depend on company policy, as will the level of the person undertaking these investigations. These investigations will be in accordance with company procedures for such investigations which will be consistent with any relevant regulations.

This unit of competency applies to an individual working alone or as part of a team or group and working in liaison with other shift team members.

This unit of competency applies to all work environments and sectors within the industry.

No licensing, legislative or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of publication.

Pre-requisite Unit

Nil

Competency Field

Work health and safety

Unit Sector

Elements and Performance Criteria

Elements describe the essential outcomes.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element.

1

Review incident 

1.1

Undertake site inspections of incident scene

1.2

Communicate with relevant personnel regarding specific aspects of the incident

1.3

Monitor corrective action procedures

1.4

Communicate changes to the situation to appropriate personnel

2

Record investigation process and results 

2.1

Establish and secure boundaries of the incident scene to prevent contamination of prospective evidence/exhibits.

2.2

Identify and interview persons relevant to the incident

2.3

Identify and record evidence/exhibits at the scene prior to examination to ensure continuity

2.4

Assess relevant information, documentation and evidence/exhibits

2.5

Determine point of origin and most likely cause of incident

2.6

Determine risk factors affecting the incident

2.7

Identify and analyse a range of other possible causes

2.8

Identify and utilise support services to investigate the incident scene

2.9

Process, record and communicate information/evidence/exhibits, forms and documents to appropriate personnel following enterprise policies and procedures

3

Make suggestions to improve incident handling and prevention 

3.1

Identify and assess tactical factors and resulting priorities occurring during the incident

3.2

Formulate appropriate suggestions to improve handling of similar incidents based upon information available

3.3

Identify incident cause and make recommendations to prevent a recurrence

Foundation Skills

This section describes those language, literacy, numeracy and employment skills that are essential to performance.

Foundation skills essential to performance are explicit in the performance criteria of this unit of competency.

Range of Conditions

This field allows for different work environments and conditions that may affect performance. Essential operating conditions that may be present (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) are included.

Regulatory framework 

The latest version of all legislation, regulations, industry codes of practice and Australian/international standards, or the version specified by the local regulatory authority, must be used, and include one or more of the following:

  • legislative requirements, including work health and safety (WHS)
  • industry codes of practice and guidelines
  • environmental regulations and guidelines
  • Australian and other standards
  • licence and certification requirements

All operations to which this unit applies are subject to stringent health, safety and environment (HSE) requirements, which may be imposed through state/territory or federal legislation, and these must not be compromised at any time. Where there is an apparent conflict between performance criteria and HSE requirements, the HSE requirements take precedence.

Procedures 

All operations must be performed in accordance with relevant procedures.

Procedures are written, verbal, visual, computer-based or in some other form, include one or more of the following:

  • job safety analysis (JSA) methods
  • risk analysis/risk management procedures
  • environmental risk/environmental management procedures
  • personal protective equipment (PPE) and procedures
  • emergency, fire and accident procedures
  • hazard policies and procedures
  • emergency procedures
  • work instructions
  • standard operating procedures SOPs)
  • safe work method statements (SWMS)
  • formulas/recipes
  • batch sheets
  • temporary instructions
  • any similar instructions provided for the smooth running of the plant

Hazards and risks 

Hazards and risk factors must be analysed in order to identify possible and likely causes of incidents.

Identifying hazards requires consideration of one or more of the following:

  • hazards remaining from the original cause of the incident
  • hazards arising from conducting an incident investigation
  • hazards arising from working in conjunction with incident response personnel.

Identifying risks requires consideration of specific hazards, including the following:

  • what level of harm can occur
  • how harm can occur (various chains of events that could result in harm from the hazard)
  • the likelihood that harm will occur

Evidence gained 

Evidence gained as a result of investigations include one or more of the following:

  • video tapes
  • audio tapes
  • drawings
  • photographs
  • plans
  • manifests
  • relevant documents
  • records of interview
  • personal notes
  • physical evidence/materials
  • debris
  • soil

Support services 

Support services include one or more of the following:

  • pathologists
  • forensic investigators
  • coroner
  • government medical officers
  • interpreters
  • technical services
  • legal officers
  • undertakers
  • forensic accountants
  • information technology consultants
  • document examiners
  • handwriting experts
  • financial organisations
  • external law enforcement agencies

Interview strategies 

The purpose of the interview is to establish what happened, not who is to blame. Interviews must be planned and require consideration of the following:

  • location
  • timing
  • method (direct questioning and empathetic questioning)
  • strategies for developing rapport
  • who is being interviewed
  • legal and policy requirements that might apply
  • exclusion of leading questions
  • avoidance of cross-examination

Legal and policy requirements might apply according to the status of the person being interviewed. Requirements include one or more of the following:

  • the presence of a solicitor, independent person, family member or interpreter
  • special consideration that applies because of disability, child, parent, age, gender, ethnicity and race

Post-investigation documentation 

Post-investigation documentation include one or more of the following:

  • statements
  • proformas
  • photographs
  • tape/video recordings

Relevant personnel 

The relevant personnel for incident investigation referrals will depend on the type of information being conveyed and the enterprise policies and procedures. Typically they will include one or more of the following:

  • employer
  • personnel directly involved in responding to the incident, including:
  • first response personnel
  • emergency response team members
  • emergency team leader
  • first aid officers
  • other personnel with emergency team leader responsibilities

Unit Mapping Information

Release 1. Supersedes and is equivalent to PMAOHS310B Investigate incidents

Links

Companion Volume implementation guides are found in VETNet - https://vetnet.gov.au/Pages/TrainingDocs.aspx?q=9fc2cf53-e570-4e9f-ad6a-b228ffdb6875

 

Assessment requirements

Modification History

Release 1. Supersedes and is equivalent to PMAOHS310B Investigate incidents

Performance Evidence

  • Evidence required to demonstrate competence in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy the requirements of the elements and performance criteria, and include the ability to:
  • recognise and analyse potential situations requiring action and implement corrective action
  • secure incident site and collect and preserve evidence and records in accordance with legislative requirements
  • analyse information and evidence to determine:
  • possible and likely causes of incident
  • improvements to emergency procedures
  • plan and undertake interviews using appropriate communication (listening and questioning) and negotiation techniques
  • demonstrate ethical behaviour and cultural awareness in undertaking investigation
  • identify and liaise with specialists and support services
  • complete forms and records

read and interpret procedures, reports, evidence and statements.

Knowledge Evidence

Evidence must be provided that demonstrates knowledge of:

  • organisational procedures, including those covering:
  • safety, hazards and hazard control
  • incident, fire and accident reporting and investigation
  • environmental protection
  • risk assessment/risk management
  • record keeping
  • hazards that may arise in the job/work environment, and:
  • their possible causes
  • potential consequences
  • risks
  • appropriate risk controls
  • factors affecting incident initiation and development for predictable incident types for that plant
  • scope and limitations of own role and responsibilities
  • appropriate personnel for referral and reporting.

Assessment Conditions

  • The unit should be assessed holistically and the judgement of competence based on a holistic assessment of the evidence.
  • The collection of performance evidence:
  • should occur in an operational environment while conducting an incident investigation
  • will typically include a supervisor/third-party report focusing on consistent performance and problem recognition and solving. A supervisor/third-party report must be prepared by someone who has a direct, relevant, current relationship with the person being assessed and who is in a position to form a judgement on workplace performance relevant to the unit of competency
  • must include an incident investigation using appropriate tools, equipment and safety gear
  • may use industry-based simulation for all or part of the unit particularly where, lack of opportunity is an issue. If simulation is the major source of evidence, then the simulation must replicate or enhance the situation of a real investigation.
  • Assessment should occur in operational workplace situations. Where this is not possible or where personal safety or environmental damage are limiting factors assessment must occur in a sufficiently rigorous simulated environment reflecting realistic operational workplace conditions. This must cover all aspects of workplace performance, including environment, task skills, task management skills, contingency management skills and job role environment skills.
  • Assessment in a simulated environment should use evidence collected from one or more of:
  • demonstration of skills
  • industry-based case studies/scenarios
  • ‘what ifs’.
  • Knowledge evidence may be collected concurrently with performance evidence (provided a record is kept) or through an independent process, such as workbooks, written assessments or interviews (provided a record is kept).
  • Assessment processes and techniques must be appropriate to the language, literacy and numeracy requirements of the work being performed and the needs of the candidate.
  • Conditions for assessment must include access to all tools, equipment, materials and documentation required, including relevant workplace procedures, product and manufacturing specifications associated with this unit.
  • The regulatory framework will be reflected in workplace policies and procedures and is not required to be independently assessed.
  • Foundation skills are integral to competent performance of the unit and should not be assessed separately.
  • Assessors must satisfy the assessor competency requirements that are in place at the time of the assessment as set by the VET regulator.
  • In addition, the assessor or anyone acting in subject matter expert role in assessment must demonstrate both technical competency and currency. If the assessor cannot demonstrate technical competency and currency they must assess with a subject matter expert who does meet these requirements.
  • Technical competence can be demonstrated through one or more of:
  • relevant VET or other qualification/Statement of Attainment
  • appropriate workplace experience undertaking the type of work being assessed under routine and non-routine conditions
  • appropriate workplace experience supervising/evaluating the type of work being assessed under routine and non-routine conditions
  • Currency can be demonstrated through one or more of:
  • being currently employed undertaking the type of work being assessed
  • being employed by the organisation undertaking the type of work being assessed and having maintained currency in accordance with that organisation’s policies and procedures
  • having consulted/had contact with an organisation undertaking the type of work being assessed within the last twelve months, the consultation/contact being related to assessment
  • conducting on-the-job training/assessments of the type of work being assessed
  • being an active member of a relevant professional body and participating in activities relevant to the assessment of this type of work.

Links

Companion Volume implementation guides are found in VETNet - https://vetnet.gov.au/Pages/TrainingDocs.aspx?q=9fc2cf53-e570-4e9f-ad6a-b228ffdb6875