Unit of competency details

PMAOHS321B - Provide First Aid response in remote and/or isolated area (Release 1)


ReleaseStatusRelease date
1 1 (this release)Current 11/Nov/2010

Usage recommendation:
Supersedes and is equivalent to PMAOHS321A - Provide first aid response in remote and/or isolated areaEquivalent 10/Nov/2010
Is superseded by and equivalent to PMAWHS321 - Provide first aid response in remote and/or isolated areaSupersedes and is equivalent to PMAOHS321B Provide First Aid response in remote and/or isolated area 01/Jun/2016

Training packages that include this unit


SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 069907 First Aid  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 069907 First Aid  28/Apr/2009 
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Modification History

Not applicable.

Unit Descriptor

Unit descriptor 

This competency unit covers the provision of First Aid response including life support and the management of casualty(s) in a remote and/or isolated area until evacuation of the casualty(s) by emergency services.

Application of the Unit

Application of the unit 

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Not applicable.


Prerequisite units 


Provide initial First Aid response 

Employability Skills Information

Employability skills 

This unit contains employability skills.

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Elements describe the essential outcomes of a unit of competency.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Where bold italicised text is used, further information is detailed in the required skills and knowledge section and the range statement. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the evidence guide.

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Identify possible contingencies at remote/ isolated area

1.1. Undertake preparation for isolated travel or work accounting for expected contingencies according to procedures/policies.

2. Handle casualty's immediate condition

2.1. Assess casualty's condition and determine appropriate response in order to minimise hazards and determine need for medical assistance

2.2. Monitor and respond to casualty's condition in accordance with appropriate First Aid principles

2.3. Reassure and support casualty during the wait for medical assistance

2.4. Ensure and determine casualty's comfort by establishing and explaining the nature of the illness/injury and the management procedures

2.5. Undertake to provide shelter from elements in accordance with environmental conditions.

3. Liaise with external medical support

3.1. Document condition of the casualty over time to assist on-going management

3.2. Establish communication links to medical services to ensure prompt control action is undertaken

3.3. Undertake administration of medication under medical instruction, using relevant communication equipment

3.4. Evaluate environmental and casualty's condition to determine transportation requirements of casualty to medical assistance

3.5. Provide assistance in the evacuation of casualty by emergency services as required.

4. Evaluate the incident

4.1. Evaluate management of the incident and where required develop an action plan in consultation with relevant parties

4.2. Participate in debriefing/evaluation to improve future operations and address individual's needs

4.3. Provide access to bona fide critical stress facilitators where required/requested

4.4. Implement site management/procedures and evaluate in accordance with risk assessment

4.5. Formulate contingency planning and review to identify and select alternative management principles.

Required Skills and Knowledge


This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level, required for this unit.

Required skills 

Correct use/ application of First Aid principles and procedures including:

  • resuscitation
  • the use of semi automated defibrillator
  • delivery of oxygen
  • adequate infection control procedures
  • safe manual handling
  • consideration of the welfare of the casualty
  • initial casualty assessment
  • incident management
  • infection control
  • bleeding control
  • airway management
  • care of unconscious.

Use of various First Aid resources and equipment

Communication skills, including:

  • use of various communication systems, eg two-way radios, mobile and satellite phones etc
  • report preparation
  • the ability to interpret and use required forms/documentation.

Leadership and decision making ability.

Required knowledge 

Knowledge and understanding of basic life support principles and measures sufficient to recognise emergency situations and then determine appropriate action within the scope of their responsibilities and competencies. These include:

  • basic anatomy and physiology
  • respiratory/circulatory system
  • basic toxicology.

Knowledge of relevant State and Territory regulatory requirements, occupational health and safety (OHS) legislation and regulations, and company standard operating procedures (SOPs). These include:

  • legal responsibilities and duty of care
  • how to gain access to and interpret material safety data sheets (MSDSs)
  • debriefing counselling procedures
  • dealing with social problems and confidentiality
  • capabilities of emergency management services
  • transport facilities.

Evidence Guide


The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the Performance Criteria, Required Skills and Knowledge, the Range Statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment 

Assessment of this unit should include demonstrated competence on actual plant and equipment in a work environment. The unit will be assessed in as holistic a manner as is practical and may be integrated with the assessment of other relevant units of competency.

Assessment will occur over a range of situations that will include disruptions to normal, smooth operation.

Where applicable, assessment should replicate workplace conditions as far as possible. Where, for reasons of safety, access to equipment and resources and space, assessment takes place away from the workplace, simulations should be used to represent workplace conditions as closely as possible. Consistency of performance should be maintained over the required range of workplace situations until renewal of competence/license is required by the industry/organisation.

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit 

Competence may be demonstrated working individually, under supervision or as part of a First Aid team.

Context of and specific resources for assessment 

Assessment will require access to an operating plant over an extended period of time, or a suitable method of gathering evidence of operating ability over a range of situations. A bank of scenarios/case studies/what-ifs will be required as will a bank of questions which will be used to probe the reasoning behind the observable actions.

Method of assessment 

In all plants it may be appropriate to assess this unit concurrently with relevant teamwork and communication units.

Guidance information for assessment 

Assessment processes and techniques must be culturally appropriate and appropriate to the oracy, language and literacy capacity of the assessee and the work being performed.

Range Statement


The Range Statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the Performance Criteria, is detailed below. Add any essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment depending on the work situation, needs if the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts.

Codes of practice / standards 

Where reference is made to industry codes of practice, and/or Australian/international standards, the latest version must be used.


First Aid management will need to account for:

  • workplace policies and procedures
  • industry/site specific regulations, codes etc
  • occupational health and safety requirements
  • State and Territory workplace health and safety requirements
  • allergies the casualty may have.


Physical hazards may include:

  • workplace hazards
  • environmental hazards
  • hazards associated with the casualty management process.


Risks may include:

  • worksite equipment, machinery and substances
  • First Aid equipment (oxygen cylinders, defibrillator)
  • environmental risks
  • bodily fluids
  • risk of further injury to the casualty
  • risks associated with the proximity of other workers and bystanders.

Injuries and conditions managed 

Casualty condition is managed for:

  • abdominal injuries
  • allergic reactions
  • bleeding
  • burns - thermal, chemical, friction, electrical
  • cardiac conditions
  • chemical contamination
  • cold injuries
  • crush injuries
  • dislocations
  • drowning
  • envenomation - snake, spider, insect and marine bites
  • environmental conditions such as hypothermia, dehydration, heat stroke
  • epilepsy, diabetes, asthma and other medical conditions
  • eye injuries
  • fractures
  • head injuries
  • insect/marine bites
  • minor skin injuries
  • neck and spinal injuries
  • needle stick injuries
  • poisoning and toxic substances
  • respiratory management of asthma and/or choking
  • shock
  • smoke inhalation
  • soft tissue injuries, including sprains, strains, dislocations
  • substance abuse, illicit drugs
  • unconsciousness, including not breathing and no pulse.

First Aid responses 

First Aid management may include:

  • administration of analgesic gases
  • cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
  • infection control
  • semi-automatic external defibrillator (SAED)
  • expired air resuscitation (EAR).
  • Established First Aid principles include:
  • checking the site for danger to self, casualty and others and minimising the danger
  • checking and maintaining casualty's airway, breathing and circulation.


First Aid management will need to account for:

  • location and nature of the workplace
  • the environmental conditions, eg electricity, biological risks, weather, motor vehicle accidents
  • location of emergency service personnel
  • the use and availability of First Aid equipment and resources
  • infection control.


Medication may include:

  • oxygen
  • pain relief - paracetamol in accordance with State and Territory legislation, analgesics (penthrane, entonox - used in mining industry)
  • asthma - aerosol bronchodilators: casualty's own or from First Aid kit in accordance with State and Territory legislation
  • severe allergic reactions - adrenaline: subject to casualty's own regime
  • heart attack - aspirin.

Resources and equipment 

Resources and equipment are used appropriate to the risk to be met and may include:

  • blood pressure cuff
  • oxygen resuscitation/cylinders
  • defibrillation units
  • pressure bandages
  • thermometers
  • injections
  • backboards
  • stretchers
  • soft bag resuscitator
  • First Aid kits
  • eyewash
  • thermal blankets
  • pocket face masks
  • rubber gloves
  • dressing
  • spacer device
  • cervical collars.

Communication systems 

Communication systems may include but are not limited to:

  • mobile phones
  • satellite phones
  • HF/VHF radio
  • flags
  • flares
  • two way radio
  • email
  • electronic equipment.


  • Consideration to travel or wait would depend upon:
  • severity of injury
  • time required for medical assistance to arrive

Note : movement might hinder rescue procedures

Preparation for travel may include:

  • selection of relevant communication equipment and
  • relevant First Aid supplies and resources to cater for environmental conditions.


Documentation may cover:

  • time
  • fluid intake/output
  • blood
  • vomit
  • faeces
  • urine
  • administration of medication, including time, date, person administering, dose
  • vital signs.

Health , safety and environment  (HSE )

All operations to which this unit applies are subject to stringent health, safety and environment requirements, which may be imposed through State or Federal legislation, and these must not be compromised at any time. Where there is an apparent conflict between Performance Criteria and HSE requirements, the HSE requirements take precedence.

Unit Sector(s)

Unit sector 


Competency field

Competency field 

Co-requisite units

Co-requisite units 

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