Unit of competency details

MEM24001B - Perform basic penetrant testing (Release 1)


Usage recommendation:
Is superseded by and equivalent to MEM24001 - Perform basic penetrant testing 18/Dec/2022

ReleaseRelease date
1 1 (this release) 01/Dec/2005

Training packages that include this unit

CodeSort Table listing Training packages that include this unit by the Code columnTitleSort Table listing Training packages that include this unit by the Title columnRelease
MEA11 - Aeroskills Training PackageAeroskills Training Package 1.0-2.0 
MSA07 - Manufacturing Training PackageManufacturing Training Package 7.0-8.4 
MEA - Aeroskills Training PackageAeroskills Training Package 1.1-5.0 
AUR12 - Automotive Industry Retail, Service and Repair Training PackageAutomotive Industry Retail, Service and Repair Training Package 1.0-2.1 
MEM05 - Metal and Engineering Training PackageMetal and Engineering Training Package 3.0-11.1 
MEM - Manufacturing and EngineeringManufacturing and Engineering 2.0-2.1 
TLI - Transport and Logistics Training PackageTransport and Logistics Training Package 1.0-15.0 
AUR - Automotive Retail, Service and Repair Training PackageAutomotive Retail, Service and Repair Training Package 3.0-7.2 

Qualifications that include this unit

CodeSort Table listing Qualifications that include this unit by the Code columnTitleSort Table listing Qualifications that include this unit by the Title columnUsage RecommendationRelease
AUR32116 - Certificate III in Automotive Body Repair TechnologyCertificate III in Automotive Body Repair TechnologySuperseded
MEM40119 - Certificate IV in EngineeringCertificate IV in EngineeringCurrent
MEM60112 - Advanced Diploma of EngineeringAdvanced Diploma of EngineeringSuperseded1-2 
MEM30119 - Certificate III in Engineering - Production SystemsCertificate III in Engineering - Production SystemsCurrent
MEM50105 - Diploma of Engineering - Advanced TradeDiploma of Engineering - Advanced TradeSuperseded1-5 
MEM40105 - Certificate IV in EngineeringCertificate IV in EngineeringSuperseded1-4 
MEM60111 - Advanced Diploma of EngineeringAdvanced Diploma of EngineeringSuperseded1-4 
TLI32115 - Certificate III in Rail StructuresCertificate III in Rail StructuresSuperseded1-3 
MEM30219 - Certificate III in Engineering - Mechanical TradeCertificate III in Engineering - Mechanical TradeCurrent1-2 
MEM20205 - Certificate II in Engineering - Production TechnologyCertificate II in Engineering - Production TechnologySuperseded1-6 
Items per page 10 | 20 | 50 | 100
Displaying items 1 - 10 of 23

Accredited courses that have this unit in the completion mapping


SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 030305 Materials Engineering  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 030305 Materials Engineering  31/Aug/2006 
The content being displayed has been produced by a third party, while all attempts have been made to make this content as accessible as possible it cannot be guaranteed. If you are encountering issues following the content on this page please consider downloading the content in its original form

Modification History

Not Applicable

Unit Descriptor

Unit descriptor 

This unit covers performing basic penetrant testing procedures in a range of industrial applications.

Application of the Unit

Application of the unit 

This unit applies to basic penetrant testing techniques on fabrications, structures and components across a wide range of industries and restricted to basic visible dye and/or process penetrant line methods.

The work can relate to scheduled and unscheduled maintenance activities, using general tools, specific penetrant testing equipment as specified in maintenance documentation, testing procedures or operator instructions.

Actual and potential defects are to be considered, together with ongoing abnormalities in fabrications, components and structures.

Penetrant testing is performed on critical component or structural zones.

All testing must be completed with particular attention to personal safety and OH&S regulations. Certification against Australian standards may be achieved where assessment in this unit of competency is carried out in conjunction with an examining authority as described in ISO 9712.

Materials and chemicals which are subject to codes and regulations - for example, chemicals, explosives, solvents, dangerous materials, acids, or noxious waste products - must be subject to safe work habits and must be stored and used in accordance with safe work practices.

This unit should not be selected when Unit MEM24002B (Perform penetrant testing) has already been selected.

Where power tools are required, Unit MEM18002B (Use power tools/hand held operations) should also be selected.

Band :

Unit Weight :

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Not Applicable


Prerequisite units 

Path 1 


Use hand tools

Employability Skills Information

Employability skills 

This unit contains employability skills.

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Elements describe the essential outcomes of a unit of competency.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Where bold italicised text is used, further information is detailed in the required skills and knowledge section and the range statement. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the evidence guide.

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Prepare inspection areas for basic penetrant testing

1.1. Inspection areas are cleaned and prepared for testing using appropriate procedures and materials.

1.2. Preparation processes are carried out in accordance with the relevant procedures and OH&S requirements.

1.3. Inspection areas are visually assessed and obvious discontinuities are identified.

2. Perform basic penetrant testing

2.1. Nominated test is identified from standard operating procedures.

2.2. Test equipment is prepared in accordance with standard operating procedures.

2.3. Test media is selected and applied in accordance with workplace practices and specifications.

2.4. Penetrant test is carried out in accordance with relevant work instructions and OH&S requirements.

2.5. Penetrant testing equipment is maintained and stored in accordance with standard operating procedures and OH&S requirements.

3. Report the results of penetrant test(s)

3.1. Basic indications are checked and defects are identified in accordance with enterprise standards and/or procedures.

3.2. Basic indications are confirmed in accordance with enterprise standards and/or procedures.

3.3. Test results are reported in accordance with enterprise standards and/or procedures.

Required Skills and Knowledge


This section describes the skills and knowledge required for this unit.

Required skills 

Look for evidence that confirms skills in:

  • preparing inspection areas
  • identifying discontinuities
  • applying procedures
  • applying test media
  • applying principles of penetrant testing techniques
  • identifying defects
  • reading and interpreting routine information on written job instructions, specifications and standard operating procedures.
  • following oral instructions
  • entering routine and familiar information onto proformas and standard workplace forms

Required knowledge 

Look for evidence that confirms knowledge of:

  • cleaning and preparation processes
  • precleaning methods and their areas of use - solvents, vapour degrease, etching, detergents, paint removers, mechanical methods
  • consequences of incorrect preparation
  • procedures and OH&S requirements in relation to the preparation process
  • basic concepts and principles of NDT; general terms, purpose of NDT and areas of application of NDT
  • scope and basic description of test
  • general properties of penetrants - penetrability, removability, visibility
  • emulsifier types
  • developer types
  • use of standard test panels
  • established inspection procedures and techniques
  • types of discontinuities and their consequences
  • procedure for carrying out penetrant testing
  • penetrant application
  • dwell times
  • penetrant removal
  • developer application
  • dry powder
  • development time
  • factors affecting indications
  • non-relevant indications
  • post-cleaning methods and their areas of use
  • basic maintenance and storage procedures for testing equipment
  • OH&S requirements including storage requirements
  • definition of a defect and common basic defects
  • methods/procedures for reporting test results

Evidence Guide


The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment 

A person who demonstrates competency in this unit must be able to perform basic penetrant testing. Competency in this unit cannot be claimed until all prerequisites have been satisfied.

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit 

Assessors must be satisfied that the candidate can competently and consistently perform all elements of the unit as specified by the criteria, including required knowledge, and be capable of applying the competency in new and different situations and contexts.

Context of and specific resources for assessment 

This unit may be assessed on the job, off the job or a combination of both on and off the job. Where assessment occurs off the job, that is the candidate is not in productive work, then an appropriate simulation must be used where the range of conditions reflects realistic workplace situations. The competencies covered by this unit would be demonstrated by an individual working alone or as part of a team. The assessment environment should not disadvantage the candidate.

This unit could be assessed in conjunction with any other units addressing the safety, quality, communication, materials handling, recording and reporting associated with performing basic penetrant testing or other units requiring the exercise of the skills and knowledge covered by this unit.

Method of assessment 

Assessors should gather a range of evidence that is valid, sufficient, current and authentic. Evidence can be gathered through a variety of ways including direct observation, supervisor's reports, project work, samples and questioning. Questioning techniques should not require language, literacy and numeracy skills beyond those required in this unit of competency. The candidate must have access to all tools, equipment, materials and documentation required. The candidate must be permitted to refer to any relevant workplace procedures, product and manufacturing specifications, codes, standards, manuals and reference materials.

Guidance information for assessment 

Range Statement


The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

Preparation processes 

Surface cleaning and drying

Obvious discontinuities 

Observed changes in material homogeneity


Accurate identification of location and size of discontinuities

Unit Sector(s)

Unit sector 

Co-requisite units

Co-requisite units 

Competency field

Competency field 

Non-destructive testing