Unit of competency details

MEM04021A - Supervise individual non ferrous melting and casting operation (Release 1)


Usage recommendation:
Is superseded by and equivalent to MEM04021 - Supervise individual non-ferrous melting and casting operationSupersedes and is equivalent to MEM04021A Supervise individual non-ferrous melting and casting operation 25/Jun/2019

Release Status:
ReleaseRelease date
1 1 (this release) 01/Dec/2005

Training packages that include this unit


SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 030713 Metal Casting And Patternmaking  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 030713 Metal Casting And Patternmaking  02/Aug/2010 
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Modification History

Not Applicable

Unit Descriptor

Unit descriptor 

Application of the Unit

Application of the unit 

In a typical scenario, a technician will be required to monitor a non-ferrous melting and casting operation including tasks undertaken by other employees to ensure that correct quantities are used, correct procedures are followed and product specifications achieved.

The unit covers advanced trade skills and knowledge in non-ferrous melting and casting to enable the foundry tradesperson to act as a first line resource to other employees engaged in non-ferrous melting and casting. Work is performed under the overall direction of a metallurgist.

Band :

Unit Weight :

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Not Applicable


Prerequisite units 

Path 1 


Operate melting furnaces


Prepare and mix sand for metal moulding


Produce moulds and cores by hand (jobbing)


Pour molten metal


Interpret technical drawing


Work safely with molten metals/glass


Use hand tools

Employability Skills Information

Employability skills 

This unit contains employability skills.

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Elements describe the essential outcomes of a unit of competency.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Where bold italicised text is used, further information is detailed in the required skills and knowledge section and the range statement. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the evidence guide.

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Identify specifications for required casting

1.1. Identify required material specification

1.2. Identify mould requirements

1.3. Identify any special melting and casting requirements for the job

1.4. Identify safety procedures for the required melting and casting operation

1.5. Identify and follow regulations and codes of practice relevant to foundry and individual melting, pouring and casting operation

2. Verify metal charges to melting

2.1. Select required components to give the required metal specification

2.2. Calculate required charge of each component

2.3. Select required components to give the required metal specification

2.4. Recommend changes/additions to the charge

2.5. Monitor the preparation of the charge including checking for contaminants

3. Monitor furnace operation

3.1. Check that the furnace is in good operational condition and that appropriate lining is present

3.2. Organise for maintenance/repairs as required

3.3. Identify metal or alloy specification for required casting

3.4. Monitor a melt to ensure the product meets specification

4. Monitor pouring of molten metal

4.1. Check pouring area is secure and that all non-essential personnel are excluded

4.2. Check all members of pouring crew are wearing appropriate and in good condition personal protective equipment

4.3. Ensure escape routes are known in advance by all members of the pouring crew

4.4. Check emergency pour out pit is operational and other safety measures are in place

4.5. Ensure moulds are ready to receive liquid metal, ensure access ways and pouring ways are clear, and that there are appropriate spaces between each mould

4.6. Check pouring is undertaken at correct temperature and in efficient order

4.7. Ensure pouring basin and moulds are ready to receive liquid metal

4.8. Take required samples for analysis

5. Control hazards

5.1. Identify hazards in the metal melting/pouring process

5.2. Assess the risks arising from those hazards

5.3. Implement procedures to control those hazards in line with procedures and duty of care

Required Skills and Knowledge


This section describes the skills and knowledge required for this unit.

Required skills 

Required skills include:

  • taking calculations needed for determining charges
  • visually checking furnaces for operational condition and safety risks
  • taking samples
  • following safety and quality procedures

Required knowledge 

Required knowledge includes:

  • charge calculations:
  • importance of composition control
  • methods used to calculate for additions
  • types of alloy additions and their effects on casting behaviour and finished product
  • non-ferrous alloys:
  • definition of non-ferrous metals
  • methods of controlling physical properties
  • advantages/disadvantages of density of each type of non-ferrous metal
  • methods of controlling tensile strength of non-ferrous metals
  • methods of controlling the hardness of non-ferrous metals
  • influence of melting points on production processes
  • shrinkage percentage of the types of non-ferrous metals
  • how to control metal fluidity
  • be able to make a refractory selection for non-ferrous alloys
  • the use of degassing to control gas defects
  • be able to take action to control grain size
  • the grades of brass and their applications
  • the grades of bronze and their applications
  • the grades of gunmetal and their applications
  • the grades of other copper based alloys and their applications
  • the grades of aluminium based alloys and their applications
  • the grades of lead based alloys and their applications
  • the grades of zinc based alloys and their applications
  • the grades of magnesium based alloys and their applications
  • make a selection of non-ferrous metal based on required properties
  • conduct metal analysis on non-ferrous metals
  • use Australian standards (or other appropriate standard) for non-ferrous metals
  • types of furnaces and their relative advantages and disadvantages:
  • crucible
  • oil
  • gas
  • induction
  • channel
  • coreless
  • resistance
  • reverberatory
  • maintenance
  • selection of appropriate refractories for non-ferrous melting:
  • silica
  • ganister
  • coatings
  • others common to non-ferrous melting
  • selection of the form of linings for non-ferrous melting:
  • monolithic
  • castable
  • rammable
  • bricks
  • selection of the appropriate ladles/crucibles with regard to:
  • types
  • ladles
  • crucibles
  • safety
  • maintenance including checking of mechanical condition of gearboxes and safety locks
  • care of crucibles
  • porous plug
  • supervision of other staff in melting and casting safety including:
  • housekeeping
  • personal protective clothing
  • dry area and tools
  • pre-heating of ladles
  • safe working load of overhead cranes
  • furnace operation including procedures for:
  • ensuring a dry and safe charge
  • warm and dry equipment
  • pre-heating
  • scrap selection
  • scrap segregation
  • housekeeping
  • melting schedule
  • pouring schedule
  • charge calculations
  • calculations including volume and mass calculations
  • maintenance of melting and pouring equipment
  • use of lifting and handling equipment including:
  • tongs
  • shanks
  • cranes
  • hoists
  • bogey ladles
  • maintenance
  • types of control equipment:
  • thermal analysis
  • pyrometers
  • gas analysis
  • chemical analysis
  • wet chemical analysis
  • spectrograph
  • fluidity test
  • shrinkage test
  • quality control and procedures for:
  • accurate weighing
  • correct chemical analysis
  • temperature control
  • covers and fluxes
  • mould/metal reactions
  • conduct and interpretation of thermal analysis
  • degassing
  • deoxidising
  • ladle refining
  • customer requirements
  • types of defects and prevention including but not limited to:
  • contamination
  • gas absorption
  • metal analysis
  • temperature control
  • oxidation
  • other defects common to non-ferrous metals
  • tapping and pouring operations including:
  • when to pour according to job and furnace specification
  • availability of emergency pour out pits and other safety equipment
  • availability of cranes or other transport
  • pour out rate
  • ensure mechanical test bar is available and taken if required
  • ensure pig pouring and tagging is performed correctly

Evidence Guide


The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment 

Evidence should be provided from a number of castings using different alloys and/or different moulds.

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit 

Assessors should ensure that candidates can competently and consistently:

  • monitor melting and casting operations of non-ferrous metal
  • safely operate a melting furnace and monitor and supervise the operation of a furnace by other employees
  • safely handle pouring equipment and monitor and supervise the operation of pouring equipment by other employees.

Context of and specific resources for assessment 

Assessment may occur on the job or in an appropriately simulated environment. Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices.

Where applicable, reasonable adjustment must be made to work environments and training situations to accommodate ethnicity, age, gender, demographics and disability.

Access must be provided to appropriate learning and/or assessment support when required. Where applicable, physical resources should include equipment modified for people with disabilities.

Method of assessment 

Assessment must satisfy the endorsed assessment guidelines of the MEM05 Metal and Engineering Training Package.

Assessment methods must confirm consistency and accuracy of performance (over time and in a range of workplace relevant contexts) together with application of underpinning knowledge.

Assessment methods must be by direct observation of tasks and include questioning on underpinning knowledge to ensure its correct interpretation and application.

Assessment may be applied under project related conditions (real or simulated) and require evidence of process.

Assessment must confirm a reasonable inference that competency is able not only to be satisfied under the particular circumstance, but is able to be transferred to other circumstances.

Assessment may be in conjunction with assessment of other units of competency where required.

Guidance information for assessment 

Assessment processes and techniques must be culturally appropriate and appropriate to the language and literacy capacity of the candidate and the work being performed.

Range Statement


The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

Codes of practice /standards 

Where reference is made to industry codes of practice, and/or Australian/international standards, it is expected the latest version will be used


Moulds may include sand, die and investment moulds


Contaminants include:

non-specified metal, rubber, grease, water, paint and non-metallics, closed containers or pipes and pressure containers such as aerosols

Material specification 

Material specification includes non-ferrous metals and non-ferrous alloys as well as contaminants

Unit Sector(s)

Unit sector 

Co-requisite units

Co-requisite units 

Competency field

Competency field 

Casting and moulding