Unit of competency details

MARL034 - Demonstrate advanced knowledge of marine electrical systems (Release 1)

Summary

Releases:
ReleaseStatusRelease date
1 1 (this release)Current 27/Feb/2015

Usage recommendation:
Current
Mapping:
MappingNotesDate
Supersedes and is equivalent to MARL6021A - Demonstrate advanced knowledge of marine electrical systems 26/Feb/2015


Training packages that include this unit

Classifications

SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 031701 Maritime Engineering  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 031701 Maritime Engineering  14/May/2015 
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Unit Of competency

Modification History

Release 1. New unit of competency.

Application

This unit involves the skills and knowledge required to supply shipboard electrical power on board a commercial vessel. It includes analysing electrical layout systems, alternators, marine motors, lighting systems, power management and uninterruptable power systems (UPS), shipboard electrical equipment and high voltage power systems.

This unit applies to the work of a Marine Engineer Class 1 on commercial vessels of unlimited propulsion power and forms part of the requirements for the Certificate of Competency Marine Engineer Class 1 issued by the Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA).

No licensing, legislative or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of publication.

Pre-requisite Unit

Not applicable.

Competency Field

L Marine Engineering

Unit Sector

Not applicable.

Elements and Performance Criteria

Elements describe the essential outcomes.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element.

1 

Evaluate advanced electrical layout systems 

1.1

Effects of power factor changes on prime mover, alternator and electrical system are analysed

1.2

Methods of altering load power factor by means of capacitors or synchronous machines are explained

1.3

Methods of obtaining constant frequency from a variable frequency output such as a main engine driven alternator and/or variable speed drives for a self discharging equipment are explained

1.4

Protecting systems available for shaft driven alternators are evaluated

2 

Analyse construction and principles of operation of different types of marine alternators 

2.1

Construction and operating parameters  of different types of marine alternators are compared and contrasted

2.2

Cooling systems, leak detection, monitoring and protection systems in different types of marine alternators are compared and contrasted

2.3

Procedures for drying out an alternator with a low insulation resistance are explained

2.4

Excitation systems and methods of flashing alternator after loss of excitation are appraised

2.5

Systems used for protecting against high winding temperatures, circulating currents, loss of excitation and internal short circuit are evaluated

3 

Analyse different types of direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC) marine motors 

3.1

Different types and applications of marine motors  are compared and contrasted

3.2

Difference between types of encapsulation  is explained and where they should be used is justified

3.3

Motor ratings  and effect of overloading on different types of motor are assessed

3.4

Possible operational problems  associated with marine motors are analysed and appropriate remedial action is devised

3.5

Procedure for drying out a motor that has become unserviceable due to either long-term storage or immersion in seawater is formulated

3.6

Effects of operating star connected motors compared with delta connected motors are distinguished and when this may be required is suggested

3.7

Different types and applications of special motors for deck and cargo operation  are analysed

4 

Analyse requirements of motor starters for 3 phase and synchronous motors 

4.1

Differentiation is established between different types of motor starters 

4.2

Different types of starters are evaluated in terms of starting torque and current, and are compared to particular motor applications

4.3

Simple starter circuit diagrams are evaluated and operating principles of motor starters are explained

4.4

Documentation and circuit and wiring diagrams are used for fault-finding in motor starters

4.5

Routine maintenance program for monitoring vibration and insulation resistance levels of motors is designed

5 

Analyse lighting systems used on board ships 

5.1

Common types and applications of lighting systems  are evaluated

5.2

Distribution layout systems  are explained

5.3

Fault-finding method for lights and starter systems, including lighting in hazardous areas, is planned using circuit diagrams

6 

Evaluate alternator excitation system design 

6.1

Different types of excitation systems and impact of load changes are compared

6.2

Type, location and function of components involved in excitation are examined

6.3

Function, cooling, failure mode and procedures for testing and changing diodes are explained

6.4

Functions of an Automatic Voltage Regulator (AVR) and how it may be incorporated into an excitation system are explained

6.5

Process of fault-finding in an AVR and types, causes and remedies of common problems are explained

6.6

The impact excitation systems have on output in normal and adverse circumstances  is assessed

7 

Analyse power management and UPS fitted to vessels 

7.1

Operational functions of power management systems during high load, overload and short circuit conditions are analysed

7.2

Functions and components of UPS systems are evaluated

7.3

Limitations of power management and UPS fitted to vessels are analysed

7.4

System response under possible fault conditions of vessel power management and UPS are determined

8 

Analyse vessel cathodic protection system 

8.1

Cathodic protection systems and how they interact are analysed

8.2

Components of cathodic protection systems are identified and life cycle maintenance program is prepared

8.3

Modifications required for operating parameters of cathodic protection systems when operating alongside an active wharf or another vessel are determined

8.4

Likely causes of corrosion in relation to size, location or distribution of anodes or current densities are assessed

8.5

Other corrosion problems in shipboard environment that may be cause of electrical problems are appraised

9 

Assess requirements and components associated with electrical systems for hazardous spaces on board vessels 

9.1

Different types, limitation and nameplate identification of E equipment are compared

9.2

Requirements of classification societies are distinguished from administrations regarding electrical installations on board vessels

9.3

Lighting and power supply requirements of pump rooms are identified

9.4

Safety requirement s for electrical equipment and safety practices on board vessels and how these are extended when alongside a berth are analysed

10 

Assess existing electrical shipboard equipment 

10.1

Existing and new shipboard electrical equipment and systems are compared to assess future requirements as well as potential problems and preventative measures

10.2

Performance of existing shipboard electrical equipment and systems is analysed and cost effectiveness studies for modifications or improvements are prepared

10.3

Factors involved in commissioning new electrical plant are evaluated

10.4

Procedures involved in organising survey of existing plant are outlined

10.5

Procedures involved in making recommendations for new systems consistent with modified new ship building requirements are outlined

11 

Appraise high voltage electrical motor propulsion systems 

11.1

Safety requirements for working with high voltage systems are identified

11.2

Use of high voltage systems for propulsion and cargo handling is evaluated

11.3

Safe maintenance methods for high voltage switchgear and machines are analysed

Foundation Skills

Foundation skills essential to performance are explicit in the performance criteria of this unit of competency.

Range of Conditions

Range is restricted to essential operating conditions and any other variables essential to the work environment.

Operating parameters include one or more of the following:

  • excitation current
  • insulation grade
  • operating temperature
  • speed

Marine motors include one or more of the following:

  • polyphase
  • reduced starting current motors
  • single
  • speed changing
  • synchronous
  • variable speed

Encapsulation includes one or more of the following:

  • drip proof
  • submersible
  • TEFC

Motor ratings must include:

  • continuous
  • short time

Operational problems include one or more of the following:

  • loss of insulation resistance
  • open circuit
  • overheating
  • short circuit
  • wrong connections

Motor starters include one or more of the following:

  • DOL
  • primary and secondary resistance
  • soft or electronic starters
  • star-Delta
  • transformer starter

Lighting systems include one or more of the following:

  • fluorescent
  • halogen
  • incandescent
  • LED
  • mercury
  • sodium vapour

Distribution layout systems must include:

  • emergency lights
  • safety lights

How excitation systems impact on output in normal and adverse circumstances must include:

  • loss of excitation
  • short circuit

Safety requirements include one or more of the following:

  • company requirements
  • manufacturer requirements
  • statutory requirements

Unit Mapping Information

This unit replaces and is equivalent to MARL6021A Demonstrate advanced knowledge of marine electrical systems

Links

Companion Volume implementation guides are found in VETNet - https://vetnet.education.gov.au/Pages/TrainingDocs.aspx?q=772efb7b-4cce-47fe-9bbd-ee3b1d1eb4c2

 

Assessment requirements

Modification History

Release 1. New unit of competency.

Performance Evidence

Evidence required to demonstrate competence in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the elements, performance criteria and range of conditions on at least one occasion and include:

  • applying relevant work health and safety/occupational health and safety (WHS/OHS) requirements and work practices
  • assessing own work outcomes and maintaining knowledge of current codes, standards, regulations and industry practices
  • explaining advanced principles of lighting, cathodic protection, high voltage systems and imparting knowledge and ideas verbally, in writing and visually
  • identifying and interpreting complex numerical and graphical information in electrical diagrams and specifications for a commercial vessel
  • identifying and suggesting ways of rectifying electrical hazards and emergency situations on a vessel
  • identifying methods, procedures and materials needed for operating, maintaining and repairing complex marine electrical systems
  • reading and interpreting written information related to electrical circuitry and components on commercial vessels
  • using electrical measuring and testing instruments.

Knowledge Evidence

Evidence required to demonstrate competence in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the elements, performance criteria and range of conditions and include knowledge of:

  • alternating current (AC)/direct current (DC) voltage
  • AC and DC marine motors
  • alternators:
  • alternator excitation system design
  • construction
  • characteristics
  • synchronised operation
  • types
  • cathodic protection system
  • electrical:
  • layout systems
  • measuring and testing instruments
  • shipboard equipment
  • symbols, basic electrical diagrams/circuits
  • high voltage electrical motor propulsion systems
  • lighting systems used on board ships
  • motor starters for three-phase and synchronous motors
  • phase angle, power factor, and current flow
  • power management and UPS fitted to vessels
  • procedures for dealing with hazards and emergencies
  • requirements and components associated with electrical systems for hazardous spaces on board vessels
  • resistance, inductance and capacitance
  • safe electrical working practices
  • WHS/OHS requirements and work practices.

Assessment Conditions

Assessors must satisfy National Vocational Education and Training Regulator (NVR)/Australian Quality Training Framework (AQTF) assessor requirements.

Assessment must satisfy the National Vocational Education and Training Regulator (NVR)/Australian Quality Training Framework (AQTF) standards.

Assessment processes and techniques must be appropriate to the language, literacy and numeracy requirements of the work being performed and the needs of the candidate.

Assessment must occur in workplace operational situations or where these are not available, in simulated workplace operational situations or an industry-approved marine operations site that replicates workplace conditions where advanced knowledge of marine electrical systems can be demonstrated.

Resources for assessment include access to:

  • applicable documentation including workplace procedures, regulations, codes of practice and operation manuals
  • technical reference library with current publications on marine electrical systems
  • tools, equipment, materials and personal protective equipment currently used in industry.

Performance should be demonstrated consistently over time and in a suitable range of contexts.

Links

Companion Volume implementation guides are found in VETNet - https://vetnet.education.gov.au/Pages/TrainingDocs.aspx?q=772efb7b-4cce-47fe-9bbd-ee3b1d1eb4c2

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