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Unit of competency details

FPICOT2222B - Produce laminated beams (Release 1)

Summary

Usage recommendation:
Superseded
Mapping:
MappingNotesDate
Supersedes and is equivalent to FPICOT2222A - Produce laminated beamsUnit updated and equivalent 19/May/2011
Is superseded by and equivalent to FWPCOT2222 - Produce laminated beams 12/May/2016

Release Status:
Current
Releases:
ReleaseRelease date
1 1 (this release) 20/May/2011

Training packages that include this unit

Classifications

SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 030305 Materials Engineering  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 030305 Materials Engineering  07/Oct/2011 
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Modification History

Not Applicable

Unit Descriptor

Unit descriptor 

This unit describes the outcomes required to prepare and cut boards for beam production. It includes the work involved in laying up and clamping beams, and joining timber components

General workplace legislative and regulatory requirements apply to this unit; however there are no specific licensing or certification requirements at the time of publication

This unit replaces FPICOT2222A Produce laminated beams

Application of the Unit

Application of the unit 

The unit involves producing laminated beams in a forest products factory setting

The skills and knowledge required for competent workplace performance are to be used within the scope of the person's job and authority

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Refer to Unit Descriptor

Pre-Requisites

Not Applicable

Employability Skills Information

Employability skills 

This unit contains employability skills

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Elements describe the essential outcomes of a unit of competency.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Where bold italicised text is used, further information is detailed in the required skills and knowledge section and the range statement. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the evidence guide.

Elements and Performance Criteria

ELEMENT 

PERFORMANCE CRITERIA 

1. Prepare for assembly

1.1. Applicable occupational health and safety  (OHS), environmental , legislative  and organisational requirements  relevant to producing laminated beams  are followed

1.2. Work order  and construction plans are reviewed and clarified with appropriate personnel 

1.3. Type and quantity of timber  and glue  to be used in assembly are collected

1.4. Equipment  is selected appropriate to work requirements and checked for operational effectiveness in line with manufacturer recommendations

1.5. Assembly jigs  required for production are specified and prepared

1.6. Communication  with others is established and maintained in line with OHS requirements

2. Cut boards for beams

2.1. Pre -startup checks  are carried out on equipment in line with site requirements

2.2. Condition of boards is visually assessed  and moisture content  checked

2.3. Boards are straight or scarf cut , optimising quantity and eliminating faults where possible

2.4. Cut boards are segregated in line with length and marked in line with site requirements

2.5. Defective components  are rejected and disposed of  in line with site procedures and environmental requirements

2.6. Assembly jigs are stored for further use or disposed of in line with site procedures and environmental requirements

3. Assemble beams

3.1. Timber components  are selected from pre-cut material in line with cutting list and beam design

3.2. Glue is mixed to site requirements using manufacturer recommended glue-handling techniques

3.3. Glue spreader  is set to apply even coating to components and glue line is applied with minimal wastage in line with standard operating procedures

3.4. Components are laid in jigs ready for joining with allowable faults, joins and grain in line with construction standards and grading rules

3.5. Press  is started, and controls and operation are checked in line with standard operating procedures

3.6. Press is set with jigs and beam is positioned to the correct orientation

3.7. Load and heat are applied to the beam in line with site requirements

3.8. Beam is checked and removed from the press

4. Prepare beams for despatch and report

4.1. Finished beams are checked and labelled in line with work order

4.2. Components are removed from jigs and safely stacked  in a designated location in line with work order

4.3. Finished beams are strapped , packed and labelled ready for transportation

4.4. Strapping waste is minimised and dealt with  in line with site procedures, manufacturer recommendations and environmental requirements

4.5. Equipment faults  are recognised and reported in line with site procedures

4.6. Records and reports  are accurately completed, processed and maintained in line with workplace procedures

Required Skills and Knowledge

REQUIRED SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE 

This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level required for this unit.

Required skills 

  • Technical skills sufficient to use and maintain relevant tools, machinery and equipment; efficiently and safely assemble laminated beams
  • Communication skills sufficient to use appropriate communication and interpersonal techniques with colleagues and others; locate, record and report information
  • Literacy skills sufficient to follow legislation, regulations, standards, codes of practice and established safe practices and procedures for producing laminated beams; review and identify work requirements
  • Numeracy skills sufficient to measure, estimate and calculate time required to complete a task
  • Problem solving skills sufficient to identify problems and equipment faults; demonstrate appropriate response procedures

Required knowledge 

  • Applicable commonwealth, state or territory legislation, regulations, standards, codes of practice and established safe practices relevant to the full range of processes for producing laminated beams
  • Environmental protection requirements, including the safe disposal of waste material (including preservative treated timber), the safe use and storage of chemicals, and the cleaning of plant, tools and equipment
  • Organisational and site standards, requirements, policies and procedures for producing laminated beams
  • Environmental risks and hazards
  • Using energy effectively and efficiently
  • Criteria for recycling and re-using material with defective components/assembly jigs no longer required
  • Types of laminated beams and their use and defects
  • Procedures for assembly sequences and jigs
  • Assembly componentry and construction standards
  • Industry standard cross sections and lengths
  • Established communication channels and protocols
  • Problem identification and resolution strategies, and common fault finding techniques
  • Types of tools and equipment, and procedures for their use, operation and maintenance
  • Appropriate mathematical procedures for estimating and measuring, including calculating time to complete tasks
  • Procedures for recording and reporting workplace information

Evidence Guide

EVIDENCE GUIDE 

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment 

A person who demonstrates competency in this unit must be able to provide evidence that they can safely and efficiently produce laminated beams in line with organisational requirements

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit 

The evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit must be relevant to, and satisfy all the requirements of, the elements of this unit and include demonstration of:

  • following applicable commonwealth, state or territory legislative and regulatory requirements and codes of practice relevant to producing laminated beams
  • following organisational policies and procedures relevant to producing laminated beams
  • assembling laminated beams in line with work order and construction plans to meet construction standards
  • stacking and strapping bundles of completed beams in line with organisational requirements and OHS regulations

Context of and specific resources for assessment 

  • Competency is to be assessed in the workplace or realistically simulated workplace
  • Assessment is to occur under standard and authorised work practices, safety requirements and environmental constraints
  • Assessment of required knowledge, other than confirmatory questions, will usually be conducted in an off-site context
  • Assessment is to follow relevant regulatory or Australian Standards requirements
  • The following resources should be made available:
  • workplace location or simulated workplace
  • materials and equipment relevant to undertaking work applicable to this unit
  • specifications and work instructions

Method of assessment 

  • Assessment must satisfy the endorsed Assessment Guidelines of the FPI11 Training Package
  • Assessment methods must confirm consistency and accuracy of performance (over time and in a range of workplace relevant contexts) together with application of required knowledge
  • Assessment must be by direct observation of tasks, with questioning on required knowledge and it must also reinforce the integration of employability skills
  • Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access and correctly interpret and apply the required knowledge
  • Assessment may be applied under project-related conditions (real or simulated) and require evidence of process
  • Assessment must confirm a reasonable inference that competency is able not only to be satisfied under the particular circumstance, but is able to be transferred to other circumstances
  • Assessment may be in conjunction with assessment of other units of competency
  • The assessment environment should not disadvantage the candidate
  • Assessment practices should take into account any relevant language or cultural issues related to Aboriginality, gender or language backgrounds other than English
  • Where the participant has a disability, reasonable adjustment may be applied during assessment
  • Language and literacy demands of the assessment task should not be higher than those of the work role

Range Statement

RANGE STATEMENT 

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

OHS requirements :

are to be in line with applicable commonwealth, state or territory legislation and regulations, and organisational safety policies and procedures, and may include:

  • personal protective equipment and clothing
  • safety equipment
  • first aid equipment
  • fire fighting equipment
  • hazard and risk control
  • fatigue management
  • elimination of hazardous materials and substances
  • safe forest practices, including required actions relating to forest fire
  • manual handling including shifting, lifting and carrying

Environmental requirements may include :

  • legislation
  • organisational policies and procedures
  • workplace practices

Legislative requirements :

are to be in line with applicable commonwealth, state or territory legislation, regulations, certification requirements and codes of practice and may include:

  • award and enterprise agreements
  • industrial relations
  • Australian Standards
  • confidentiality and privacy
  • OHS
  • the environment
  • equal opportunity
  • anti-discrimination
  • relevant industry codes of practice
  • duty of care

Organisational requirements  may include:

  • legal
  • organisational and site guidelines
  • policies and procedures relating to own role and responsibility
  • quality assurance
  • procedural manuals
  • quality and continuous improvement processes and standards
  • OHS, emergency and evacuation procedures
  • ethical standards
  • recording and reporting requirements
  • equipment use, maintenance and storage requirements
  • environmental management requirements (waste minimisation and disposal, recycling and re-use guidelines)

Laminated beams :

  • are wide thick beams which may be straight or curved
  • are made up of many layers of timber board to provide the beam with bulk and subsequent strength to withstand building loads

Work order  is to include:

  • instructions for the assembly and despatch of timber laminated beams from the work site

and may include:

  • construction plans or drawings
  • type of product
  • size
  • quantity
  • grade
  • instructions for the environmental monitoring of work and procedures
  • environmental care requirements relevant to the work

Appropriate personnel  may include:

  • supervisors
  • suppliers
  • clients
  • colleagues
  • managers

Timber  may include:

  • native timber species
  • imported timber species
  • dressed timber
  • stress and non-stress graded timber
  • preservative treated timber

Glue  is to include:

  • water resistant adhesives, such as epoxy resins

Equipment  may include:

  • measuring equipment
  • assembly jigs
  • docking and trimming saws
  • presses
  • marking equipment
  • strapping equipment

Assembly jigs  may include:

  • enterprise-manufactured templates that assist in the positioning of components during the assembly process

Communication  may include:

  • verbal and non-verbal language
  • constructive feedback
  • active listening
  • questioning to clarify and confirm understanding
  • use of positive, confident and cooperative language
  • use of language and concepts appropriate to individual social and cultural differences
  • control of tone of voice

Pre-startup checks 

are conducted to ensure:

  • equipment has been set up correctly
  • systems are performing accurately
  • machinery is operating to optimum performance

Visual assessment 

is the inspection of timber to determine finish quality and faults

Moisture content :

  • is the amount of moisture maintained in timber after kiln drying to avoid cracking and deforming
  • in Australia, generally ranges between 10% in warmer, more humid climates to 14% in cooler climates

Straight or scarf cutting :

  • straight cutting is docking timber to length with a vertical cut
  • scarf cutting is docking timber at a bevel, providing a larger end grain surface for bonding

Defective components  may include:

  • components with an unacceptable level of:
  • warp
  • wane
  • cupping
  • shakes
  • insect defects
  • knots
  • resin pockets

Disposing of  may include:

  • recycling material with defective components/assembly jigs no longer required
  • re-using material with defective components/assembly jigs no longer required
  • redirecting material with defective components/assembly jigs no longer required for energy recovery

Timber components :

are the sections of timber that have been pre-cut in readiness for assembly and have been cut to follow the construction plans and cutting list

Glue spreader  is to include:

  • equipment that spreads glue evenly to boards being laminated

Press  is to include:

  • flat presses
  • presses with curved templates

Stacking  may include:

  • preparing for transport
  • categorising in common size and shape
  • marking lots in line with work order and site requirements
  • locating so as not to block access or passage

Strapping  may include:

  • securing bundles with metal or plastic strap
  • tightening and tensioning using hand-held equipment to prevent slippage, without risk of strap breakage or damage to products

Dealing with  may include:

  • recycling strapping waste
  • sending strapping waste to landfill

Equipment faults  may include:

  • damaged equipment components
  • electrical faults

Records and reports  may include:

  • product type
  • size
  • inspection information
  • grading and labelling outcomes
  • storage locations
  • quality outcomes
  • hazards
  • incidents
  • equipment malfunctions

and may be:

  • manual
  • computer-based system
  • other appropriate organisational system

Unit Sector(s)

Not Applicable

Competency field

Competency field 

Common Technical