Unit of competency details

FNSACC503A - Manage budgets and forecasts (Release 1)


Usage recommendation:
Is superseded by and equivalent to FNSACC503 - Manage budgets and forecastsUpdated to meet Standards for Training Packages 24/Mar/2015
Supersedes and is equivalent to FNSACCT503B - Manage budgets and forecastsUpdated and code and title changed 23/Nov/2010

Release Status:
ReleaseRelease date
1 1 (this release) 24/Nov/2010

Training packages that include this unit

CodeTitleSort Table listing Training packages that include this unit by the Title columnRelease
SIS10 - Sport, Fitness and Recreation Training PackageSport, Fitness and Recreation Training Package 2.0-3.1 
PSP12 - Public Sector Training PackagePublic Sector Training Package 1.0 
PSP04 - Public Sector Training PackagePublic Sector Training Package 4.2 
FNS10 - Financial Services Training PackageFinancial Services Training Package 1.0-5.1 

Accredited courses that have this unit in the completion mapping


SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 080101 Accounting  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 080101 Accounting  24/Nov/2010 
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Modification History

Not applicable.

Unit Descriptor

Unit descriptor 

This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to prepare, document and manage budgets and forecasts, and encompasses forecasting estimates and monitoring budgeted outcomes.

No licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of endorsement.

Application of the Unit

Application of the unit 

The unit has application to job roles that have responsibility for managing budgets and forecasts such as accountants and chief financial officers.

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Not applicable.


Prerequisite units 

Employability Skills Information

Employability skills 

This unit contains employability skills.

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Elements describe the essential outcomes of a unit of competency.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Where bold italicised text is used, further information is detailed in the required skills and knowledge section and the range statement. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the evidence guide.

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Prepare budget

1.1. Cash, expenditure and revenue items  are clearly defined and relevant to identified objectives of the budget 

1.2. Budget objectives  are clear and consistent with organisational aims and projects

1.3. Discussions and negotiations with stakeholders  are conducted in a manner that promotes understanding, goodwill and ongoing cooperation

1.4. Milestones and performance indicators  are identified and included in budgets to monitor financial performance with annual budgets are broken down into seasonal periods in accordance with operating trends

2. Forecast estimates

2.1. Estimates of future cash flow, costs and revenues are realistic and attainable and supported by verifiable evidence and source documentation 

2.2. Relevant data  for forecasts are identified and changes in circumstances anticipated

2.3. Assumptions and parameters  are established and reviewed for accuracy, relevance and compliance with organisational procedures and policies

2.4. Financial risks are identified and protection strategies initiated in accordance with organisational procedures and policies

3. Document budget

3.1. Data are presented in a format that is easily understood and appropriate to budget reporting

3.2. Reports are completed within timelines and distributed for specified periods and projects

3.3. Trends, issues and comparisons are identified and reported in a structured format to ensure transparency and validity of analysis

3.4. Feasibility is identified by comparison of projections with market growth and development

4. Monitor budget outcomes

4.1. Budget variances are analysed in accordance with organisational procedures and recommendations based on the analysis made to the client or designated person

4.2. Budget processes are reviewed and implemented as required

Required Skills and Knowledge


This section describes the skills and knowledge required for this unit.

Required skills 

  • communication skills to:
  • determine and confirm budgeting requirements and deal with clients, using questioning and active listening as required
  • liaise with others, share information, listen and understand
  • use language and concepts appropriate to cultural differences
  • research skills for accessing and managing financial services information
  • literacy skills for analysingbudget needs and preparing clear written advice for organisational clients
  • numeracy skills for financial calculations and analysis, estimating and forecasting
  • IT skills for developing and using spreadsheets and databases and using internet information
  • learning skills to maintain knowledge of budgeting principles and procedures
  • problem solving skills to identify any budgeting issues that have the potential to impact on clients and to develop options to resolve these issues when they arise
  • organisational skills, including the ability to plan and sequence work and correctly schedule budget monitoring and reporting

Required knowledge 

  • ethical considerations for budgetary forecasting and projections such as:
  • strength of assumptions
  • forecast reliabilities
  • forecasting techniques
  • organisational procedures and policies
  • principles and practices of accrual accounting
  • principles of budgetary control
  • principles of corporate governance
  • principles of double-entry bookkeeping
  • principles of statistical analysis and measures of variance

Evidence Guide


The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment 

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit 

Evidence of the ability to:

  • prepare and document budgets and forecasting estimates
  • monitor budget outcomes periodically
  • apply accounting principles and practices and organisational policies and procedures
  • use an organisational chart of accounts.

Context of and specific resources for assessment 

Assessment must ensure:

  • competency is demonstrated in the context of the financial services work environment and conditions specified in the range statement either in a relevant workplace or a closely simulated work environment
  • access to and the use of a range of common office equipment, technology, software and consumables.

Method of assessment 

A range of assessment methods should be used to assess practical skills and knowledge. The following examples, in combination, are appropriate for this unit:

  • evaluating an integrated activity which combines the elements of competency for the unit or a cluster of related units of competency
  • verbal or written questioning on underpinning knowledge and skills which may include formal examinations
  • setting and reviewing workplace projects and business simulations
  • evaluating samples of work
  • accessing and validating third party reports.

Guidance information for assessment 

Range Statement


The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

Expenditure and revenue items  may include:

  • capital expenditure
  • client and supplier payments such as:
  • sales
  • commissions
  • community service obligation expenditure
  • discretionary expenditure
  • fees and charges
  • occasional expenditures
  • other revenues
  • revenue producing expenditures
  • sales
  • service fees.

Budgets  may include:

  • cash budgets
  • labour budgets
  • manufacturing budgets
  • production budgets
  • purchase budgets
  • sales budgets
  • statements of financial performance
  • statements of financial position.

Budget objectives  may include:

  • annual planning
  • business expansion and growth
  • cost reduction
  • debt reduction
  • rolling forecasts:
  • next period
  • monthly
  • next year
  • solvency
  • strategic review for the long term

Stakeholders  may include:

  • chief executive and financial officers
  • clients
  • employees
  • financial institutions
  • managers and company officers such as:
  • company directors
  • boards of management
  • government ministers
  • suppliers

Milestones and performance indicators  may include:

  • compliance with scheduled payment dates
  • debt reduction targets
  • profits and losses
  • reports
  • quarterly
  • half yearly
  • annually
  • unit costs.

Verifiable evidence and source documentation  may include:

  • financial institution statements
  • invoices and receipts
  • order and supplier documentation
  • taxation and statutory returns.

Data  may include:

  • cash flow projections
  • fixed costs
  • sales records and projections
  • variable business costs.

Assumptions and parameters  may include:

  • cash and business returns
  • competitors' behaviour
  • expenditure limits
  • market share growth
  • productivity levels
  • regulatory stability.

Unit Sector(s)

Unit sector 


Competency field

Competency field 

Co-requisite units

Co-requisite units