Unit of competency details

FNSACC402A - Prepare operational budgets (Release 1)


ReleaseStatusRelease date
1 1 (this release)Current 24/Nov/2010

Usage recommendation:
Is superseded by and equivalent to FNSACC402 - Prepare operational budgetsUpdated to meet Standards for Training Packages 24/Mar/2015
Supersedes and is equivalent to FNSACCT403B - Prepare operational budgetsUpdated content plus new unit format and code changed to retain sequence of unit group 23/Nov/2010

Training packages that include this unit

CodeTitleSort Table listing Training packages that include this unit by the Title columnRelease
PSP12 - Public Sector Training PackagePublic Sector Training Package 1.0 
PSP04 - Public Sector Training PackagePublic Sector Training Package 4.2 
LMT07 - Textiles, Clothing and Footwear Training PackageTextiles, Clothing and Footwear Training Package 4.1 
FNS10 - Financial Services Training PackageFinancial Services Training Package 1.0-5.1 
CHC08 - Community Services Training PackageCommunity Services Training Package 4.0-4.2 


SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 080905 Practical Computing Skills  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 080905 Practical Computing Skills  24/Nov/2010 
The content being displayed has been produced by a third party, while all attempts have been made to make this content as accessible as possible it cannot be guaranteed. If you are encountering issues following the content on this page please consider downloading the content in its original form

Modification History

Not applicable.

Unit Descriptor

Unit descriptor 

This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to prepare and document operational budgets for a variety of organisations.

No licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of endorsement.

Application of the Unit

Application of the unit 

This unit has application to job functions that have budget responsibility and may include accountants and departmental managers.

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Not applicable.


Prerequisite units 

Employability Skills Information

Employability skills 

This unit contains employability skills.

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Elements describe the essential outcomes of a unit of competency.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Where bold italicised text is used, further information is detailed in the required skills and knowledge section and the range statement. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the evidence guide.

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Prepare the budget

1.1. Budget objectives  are confirmed and consistent with organisational aims, projects and forecasts

1.2. Cash, expenditure and revenue items  are clearly defined and relevant to the identified objectives of the budget

1.3. Discussions and negotiations with stakeholders  that the budget applies to are conducted in a manner that promotes goodwill and ongoing cooperation

2. Set the budget timeframe

2.1. Milestones and performance indicators  are identified and included in the budget

2.2. Annual budgets are broken down into seasonal periods in accordance with operating trends

3. Document the budget

3.1. Data  is presented in a format  that is easily understood and appropriate to budget reporting

3.2. Reports  are completed within timelines and distributed for specified periods and projects

Required Skills and Knowledge


This section describes the skills and knowledge required for this unit.

Required skills 

  • communication skills to:
  • determine and confirm work requirements, using questioning and active listening as required
  • liaise with others, share information, listen and understand
  • use language and concepts appropriate to cultural differences
  • literacy skills to:
  • read and interpret documentation from a variety of sources
  • read and interpret financial statements and reports
  • writing skills for preparing reports and recommendations, recording and classifying financial information
  • numeracy skills for financial calculations and analysis
  • information technology skills for setting up and analysing spreadsheets
  • estimating, forecasting and analysis skills
  • organisational skills, including the ability to plan and sequence work and meet organisational timelines

Required knowledge 

  • principles of budgetary control
  • forecasting techniques
  • principles of double entry bookkeeping
  • principles of statistical analysis and measures of variance
  • organisational procedures and policies for financial administration

Evidence Guide


The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment 

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit 

Evidence of the ability to:

  • apply knowledge of organisational policies and procedures
  • establish and confirm milestones and performance indicators
  • prepare budgets for a variety of purposes and organisations
  • accurately record and document budget reports.

Context of and specific resources for assessment 

Assessment must ensure:

  • competency is demonstrated in the context of the financial services work environment and conditions specified in the range statement either in a relevant workplace or a closely simulated work environment
  • access to and the use of a range of common office equipment, technology, software and consumables.

Method of assessment 

A range of assessment methods should be used to assess practical skills and knowledge. The following examples, in combination, are appropriate for this unit:

  • evaluating an integrated activity which combines the elements of competency for the unit or a cluster of related units of competency
  • simulated tasks involving preparation of budgets from supplied data
  • verbal or written questioning on underpinning knowledge and skills which may include formal examinations
  • evaluating samples of work.

Guidance information for assessment 

Range Statement


The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

Budget objectives  may include:

  • annual planning
  • cost reduction
  • rolling forecasts:
  • next period
  • monthly
  • next year.

Expenditure and revenue items  may include:

  • capital expenditure
  • client and supplier payments
  • sales
  • commissions
  • fees and charges
  • Goods and Services Tax (GST)
  • Pay As You Go (PAYG) tax
  • revenue producing expenditures
  • sales.

Stakeholders  may include:

  • chief executive officers
  • clients
  • directors
  • financial institutions
  • suppliers.

Milestones and performance indicators  may include:

  • compliance with scheduled payment dates
  • profits and losses
  • reports:
  • quarterly
  • half yearly
  • annually.

Data  may include:

  • cash flow projections
  • fixed costs information
  • sales records and projections
  • variable business costs.

Formats  and presentation methods may include:

  • explanations of calculations used
  • explanatory notes
  • graphics
  • highlighted estimates and projections
  • tables.

Reports  may include:

  • cash budgets
  • purchase budgets
  • sales budgets
  • Statement of financial performance
  • Statement of financial position.

Unit Sector(s)

Unit sector 


Competency field

Competency field 

Co-requisite units

Co-requisite units 

Training component details
The following details are displayed for each different NRT:-

Training packages

- Training package details
- Training package components


- Qualification details
- Qualification components

Accredited courses

- Accredited course details


- Module details

Units of competency

- Units of competency details
- Unit components

Skill sets

- Skill set details
- Skill set components

Click on the Export link to export the NRT information to MS Word or PDF.

Click on the Manage notification link to create or change a notification for this NRT.

When selecting the Display history check box a set of tables will appear displaying a log of historical values describing what has changed and when over time.

If you have access to make changes to an NRT, click on the Edit link on the upper right hand side of the summary box.