Unit of competency details

FDFOP2038A - Operate a grinding process (Release 1)


Usage recommendation:
Is superseded by and equivalent to FBPOPR2038 - Operate a grinding processUpdated to meet Standards for Training Packages 22/Jan/2018
Supersedes FDFSFGP2B - Operate a grinding processMoved to cross sector category due to wider application. Unit replaces earlier version. 30/Jan/2011

ReleaseRelease date
1 1 (this release) 31/Jan/2011

Training packages that include this unit

Qualifications that include this unit

CodeSort Table listing Qualifications that include this unit by the Code columnTitleSort Table listing Qualifications that include this unit by the Title columnUsage RecommendationRelease
FDF20110 - Certificate II in Food ProcessingCertificate II in Food ProcessingSuperseded
AMP20116 - Certificate II in Meat Processing (Food Services)Certificate II in Meat Processing (Food Services)Superseded
FDF20210 - Certificate II in Pharmaceutical ManufacturingCertificate II in Pharmaceutical ManufacturingSuperseded
FDF20211 - Certificate II in Pharmaceutical ManufacturingCertificate II in Pharmaceutical ManufacturingSuperseded1-3 
FDF20111 - Certificate II in Food ProcessingCertificate II in Food ProcessingSuperseded1-3 
FDF20911 - Certificate II in Food Processing (Sales)Certificate II in Food Processing (Sales)Superseded1-3 
AHC33311 - Certificate III in Feedlot OperationsCertificate III in Feedlot OperationsSuperseded3-4 
AHC33316 - Certificate III in Feedlot OperationsCertificate III in Feedlot OperationsCurrent1-2 
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SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 030717 Plant And Machine Operations  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 030717 Plant And Machine Operations  03/Aug/2011 
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Modification History

Not applicable.

Unit Descriptor

Unit descriptor 

This unit of competency covers the skills and knowledge required to set up, operate, adjust and shut down processes, such as grinding, rolling and breaking to reduce the particle size of grains and pulses.

Application of the Unit

Application of the unit 

This unit has application in a food production environment. It typically targets the production worker responsible for applying basic operating principles to the operation and monitoring of grinding equipment and processes.

When batch or product changeover procedures are part of this work process, the procedures should be used to customise the application of this unit. Where more detailed changeovers are carried out, FDFOP2011A Conduct routine maintenance, should be considered.

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Not applicable.


Prerequisite units 

Employability Skills Information

Employability skills 

This unit contains employability skills.

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Elements describe the essential outcomes of a unit of competency.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Where bold italicised text is used, further information is detailed in the required skills and knowledge section and the range statement. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the evidence guide.

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Prepare the grinding equipment and process for operation

1.1. Materials are confirmed and available to meet production requirements

1.2. Cleaning and maintenance requirements and status are identified and confirmed

1.3. Machine components and related attachments are fitted and adjusted to meet operating requirements

1.4. Processing/operating parameters are entered as required to meet safety and production requirements

1.5. Equipment performance is checked and adjusted as required

1.6. Pre-start checks are carried out as required by workplace requirements

2. Operate and monitor the grinding process

2.1. The process is started and operated according to workplace procedures

2.2. Equipment is monitored to identify variation in operating conditions

2.3. Variation in equipment operation is identified and maintenance requirements are reported according to workplace reporting requirements

2.4. The process is monitored to confirm that specifications are met

2.5. Out-of-specification product/process outcomes are identified, rectified and/or reported to maintain the process within specification

2.6. The work area is maintained according to housekeeping standards

2.7. Work is conducted according to environmental standards

2.8. Workplace records are maintained according to workplace recording requirements

3. Shut down the grinding process

3.1. The appropriate shutdown procedure is identified

3.2. The process is shut down according to workplace procedures

3.3. Maintenance requirements are identified and reported

Required Skills and Knowledge


This section describes the skills and knowledge required for this unit.

Required skills 

Ability to :

  • access workplace information to identify processing requirements
  • select, fit and use personal protective clothing and/or equipment
  • confirm supply of necessary materials and services to the grinding process
  • conduct pre-start checks, such as inspecting equipment condition to identify any signs of wear, selecting appropriate settings and/or related parameters, cancelling isolation or lock outs as required, confirming that equipment is clean and correctly configured for processing requirements, positioning sensors and controls correctly, ensuring any scheduled maintenance has been carried out, and confirming that all safety guards are in place and operational
  • operate stockfeed control panel to transfer and grind product
  • monitor and adjust the grinding process and equipment operation to achieve required outcomes, including monitoring control points and conducting inspections as required to confirm process remains within specification, and running adjustments to hammer mills and roller mills
  • monitor supply and flow of materials to and from the grinding process
  • take corrective action in response to out-of-specification results
  • respond to and/or report equipment failure within level of responsibility
  • locate emergency stop functions on equipment
  • follow isolation and lock out/tag out procedures as required to take process and related equipment off-line in preparation for cleaning and/or maintenance within level of responsibility
  • complete workplace records as required
  • demonstrate batch/product changeovers
  • sort, collect, treat, recycle or dispose of waste
  • maintain work area to meet housekeeping standards
  • collect samples and conduct tests according to enterprise procedures
  • conduct routine maintenance according to enterprise procedures
  • clean and sanitise equipment according to enterprise procedures
  • use oral communication skills/language competence to fulfil the job role as specified by the organisation, including questioning, active listening, asking for clarification and seeking advice from supervisor
  • work cooperatively within a culturally diverse workforce

Required knowledge 

Knowledge of :

  • purpose and basic principles of the grinding process, including the characteristics of materials, which can be reduced to a suitable form for product such as stockfeed
  • basic operating principles of equipment, such as main equipment components, bulk materials transfer systems and equipment, dust collection equipment, grinding equipment operating capacities and applications, and the purpose and location of magnets, sensors and related feedback instrumentation
  • services required and action to take if services are not available
  • basic operating principles of process control, including the relationship between control panels and systems and the physical equipment
  • the flow of the grinding process and the effect of product output on downstream processes
  • quality characteristics and uses of grinding process outputs
  • effect of the grinding process on the end product
  • effect of raw material characteristics on grinding process performance
  • operating requirements and parameters and corrective action required where operation is outside specified operating parameters
  • typical equipment faults and related causes, including signs and symptoms of faulty equipment and early warning signs of potential problems
  • techniques used to monitor the production process, such as inspecting, measuring and testing as required by the process
  • inspection or test points (control points) in the process and the related procedures and recording requirements
  • contamination/food safety risks associated with the grinding process and related control measures
  • common causes of variation and corrective action required
  • operational health and safety (OHS) hazards and controls, including the risk of dust explosion and an understanding of the limitations of protective clothing and equipment relevant to the work process
  • requirements of different shutdowns as appropriate to the process and workplace production requirements, including emergency and routine shutdowns and procedures to follow in the event of a power outage
  • product/process changeover procedures and responsibilities
  • isolation, lock out and tag out procedures and responsibilities
  • procedures and responsibility for reporting production and performance information
  • environmental issues and controls relevant to the process, including waste/rework collection and handling procedures related to the process
  • sampling and testing associated with process monitoring and control where relevant
  • routine maintenance procedures where relevant
  • cleaning and sanitation procedures where relevant

Evidence Guide


The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment 

Assessment must be carried out in a manner that recognises the cultural and literacy requirements of the assessee and is appropriate to the work performed. Competence in this unit must be achieved in accordance with food safety standards and regulations.

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit 

Evidence of ability to:

  • conduct pre-start checks on machinery used for grinding
  • start, operate, monitor and adjust process equipment to achieve required quality outcomes
  • take corrective action in response to typical faults and inconsistencies
  • complete workplace records as required
  • apply safe work practices and identify OHS hazards and controls
  • safely shut down equipment
  • apply food safety procedures to work practices.

Context of and specific resources for assessment 

Assessment must occur in a real or simulated workplace where the assessee has access to:

  • personal protective clothing and equipment
  • work procedures including advice on safe work practices, food safety, quality and environmental requirements, stock flow systems, production schedules, batch/recipe instructions
  • specifications, control points and processing parameters
  • production schedule/batch instructions
  • information on equipment capacity and operating parameters
  • grinding and related equipment and services
  • stock required for the grinding process
  • sampling schedules and test procedures and equipment as required
  • documentation and recording requirements and procedures
  • cleaning procedures, materials and equipment as required.

Method of assessment 

This unit should be assessed together with core units and other units of competency relevant to the function or work role. Examples could be:

  • FDFOP2004A Clean and sanitise equipment
  • FDFOP2011A Conduct routine maintenance
  • FDFOP2013A Apply sampling procedures
  • FDFOP2030A Operate a process control interface
  • MSL973001A Perform basic tests.

Guidance information for assessment 

To ensure consistency in one's performance, competency should be demonstrated on more than one occasion over a period of time in order to cover a variety of circumstances, cases and responsibilities, and where possible, over a number of assessment activities.

Range Statement


The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

Policies and procedures 

Work is carried out according to company policies and procedures, regulatory and licensing requirements, legislative requirements, and industrial awards and agreements

Legislative requirements 

Legislative requirements are typically reflected in procedures and specifications. Legislation relevant to this industry includes:

  • the Food Standard Code, including the labelling, weights and measures legislation
  • legislation covering food safety, environmental management, OHS, anti-discrimination and equal opportunity

Workplace information 

Workplace information may include:

  • standard operating procedures (SOPs)
  • specifications
  • production schedules and instructions
  • manufacturers' advice
  • standard forms and reports


Equipment may include:

  • conveyors/elevators
  • augers
  • magnets
  • fans
  • sieves
  • hammer mills
  • roller mills
  • breaker bars
  • cyclones


Materials include:

  • grains
  • pulses

Pulses are legumes typically include:

  • peas
  • beans
  • lentils

Shutdown procedures 

Shutdown procedures may include:

  • cleaning( in some cases cleaning may be carried out by a dedicated cleaning crew)


Services may need to be confirmed. These depend on the nature of the process. Typical examples include:

  • power
  • steam
  • water
  • vacuum
  • compressed and instrumentation air

Unit Sector(s)

Unit sector 


Competency field

Competency field 

Co-requisite units

Co-requisite units