Unit of competency details

DEFCA431 - Undertake sniper tasks (Release 1)


ReleaseStatusRelease date
1 1 (this release)Current 24/Jan/2013

Usage recommendation:
Supersedes and is equivalent to DEFCA418B - Undertake sniper tasksPre-requisites removed. Application added. Minor Range Statement change. Evidence Guide updated. 23/Jan/2013
Is superseded by and equivalent to DEFMIL134 - Undertake sniper tasksUnit code updated. Content and formatting updated to comply with the new standards. All PC transitioned from passive to active voice. PC 1.2 removed. Assessment Requirements created drawing upon specified assessment information from superseded unit. 21/Oct/2015

Training packages that include this unit


SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 030717 Plant And Machine Operations  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 030717 Plant And Machine Operations  06/May/2013 
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Modification History


TP Version  



DEF12 V2

First release. Replaces and is equivalent to DEFCA418B. Undertake sniper tasks. Completely revised. Changes throughout the unit to meet current language. Outcomes unchanged.

Unit Descriptor

This unit covers the competency required to operate as a two man team during the conduct of sniper tasks in the Australian Defence Force (ADF).

Sniper operations require soldiers to operate in close proximity to the enemy in order to hit targets with rifle fire and gather information to inform their commanders.

The sniper must be thoroughly familiar with characteristics and capabilities of the weapon and competent in the application of fire in an operational environment.

No licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of publication. In a Defence context, this means that there is no civilian need to hold this unit in order to meet licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements.

Application of the Unit

This competency was developed for combat arms personnel required to operate as a two man team during the conduct of sniper tasks in a deployed operational environment but is applicable to any individual in this field of work.

Typically, operators work as part of a two man team under direct and/or indirect supervision, use discretion and judgement, and take responsibility for the quality of their outputs.

All activities are carried out in accordance with relevant organisational policies and procedures.

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Not applicable.


Not applicable.

Employability Skills Information

This unit contains employability skills.

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content



Elements describe the essential outcomes of a Unit of Competency.

Performance Criteria describe the required performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Where bold italicised  text is used, further information is detailed in the Range Statement. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the Evidence Guide.

Elements and Performance Criteria

1. Prepare for sniper tasks 

1.1 Sniper orders are received and clarified where required.

1.2 Battle procedure is conducted.

1.3 Appropriate equipment  is selected, checked for serviceability and fitted as directed and/or required by the operational environment.

2. Conduct a sniper patrol 

2.1 Movement is completed to ensure that detection is avoided.

2.2 Standard of operation and marksmanship as stipulated in the relevant doctrinal publication is achieved.

2.3 Sniper patrol techniques  are performed in accordance with standard procedures .

2.4 Drills and procedures  are conducted in accordance with operational requirements and standard procedures.

2.5 Sniper tasks  are completed in accordance with standard procedures.

2.6 Patrol debrief is conducted in accordance with operational requirements and standard procedures.

Required Skills and Knowledge

This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level, required for this unit.

Required Skills 

  • apply battlecraft aggressively
  • apply navigation techniques
  • apply operational safety
  • apply recognised safety precautions
  • assimilate orders
  • handle weapons safely in an operational environment
  • interpret fire control orders
  • work in a team

Required Knowledge 

  • battlecraft
  • characteristics, technical capabilities, effects, employment and limitations of equipment
  • cultural awareness
  • fire control orders
  • navigation techniques
  • WHS requirements
  • Orders for Opening Fire
  • recognised safety precautions
  • team work

Evidence Guide

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit 

Assessment must confirm the ability to perform:

  • sniper tasks as listed in the Range Statement
  • drills and procedures as listed in the Range Statement
  • sniper techniques as listed in the Range Statement

Consistency in performance 

Competency should be demonstrated over time and across a range of simulated or actual workplace situations.

Context of and specific resources for assessment 

Context of assessment 

Competency should be assessed in the workplace or in a simulated workplace environment. The context of assessment would usually be simulated due to the nature of this high risk environment.

Specific resources for assessment 

Access to a team, weapons and ammunition and a variety of equipment as listed in the Range Statement.

Range Statement

The Range Statement relates to the Unit of Competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised  wording in the Performance Criteria is detailed below.

Equipment  may include:

  • binoculars
  • camera
  • camouflage nets
  • communications equipment
  • gillies suit
  • navigation equipment
  • recording devices
  • rifle
  • telescopes
  • yowie suit

Sniper patrol techniques  must include:

  • advanced firing positions which may include:
  • tripod mounted
  • hawkins
  • Hide construction
  • marksmanship
  • observation and judging distance
  • stalking
  • tracking

Standard procedures  may include:

  • Australian Standards
  • defence Instructions
  • doctrinal pamphlets
  • job guides, other publications
  • manufacturers handbooks, industry specifications and technical instructions
  • work health and safety (WHS) regulations
  • organisational policies and procedures
  • procedure manuals
  • reengagement procedures
  • relevant local government by-laws
  • relevant state/territory or federal legislation
  • routine Orders
  • standing Operating Procedures
  • standing Orders
  • written and verbal orders

Drills and procedures  must include:

  • basic drill
  • contact drills
  • counter ambush drills
  • harbour drills
  • hide drills
  • laying-up drills
  • marry-up procedure
  • mine incident drills
  • observation drills
  • obstacle crossing drills
  • rendezvous procedures

Sniper tasks  must include:

  • area observation
  • collecting demographic and infrastructure intelligence
  • collecting topographical information
  • locating enemy positions
  • shooting

Unit Sector(s)

Not applicable.

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