Unit of competency details

CPPSIS6034A - Conduct mining geology operations (Release 1)


Usage recommendation:
Supersedes CPPSIS6014A - Conduct mining geology operationsUnit revised and not equivalent to CPPSIS6014A Conduct mining geology operations Element structure, performance criteria, and critical aspects reviewed to reflect workplace requirements References to sustainability strengthened Skills and knowledge requirements and the range statement updated 26/Nov/2012
Is superseded by and equivalent to CPPSIS6034 - Conduct mining geology operationsReplaces superseded equivalent CPPSIS6034A Conduct mining geology operations. 05/May/2016

ReleaseRelease date
1 1 (this release) 27/Nov/2012


SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 031101 Surveying  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 031101 Surveying  20/Feb/2013 
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Modification History

Unit revised and not equivalent to CPPSIS6014A Conduct mining geology operations

Element structure, performance criteria, and critical aspects reviewed to reflect workplace requirements

References to sustainability strengthened

Skills and knowledge requirements and the range statement updated

Unit Descriptor

This unit of competency specifies the outcomes required by surveyors of mine geology to evaluate mining operations. Functions will entail complying with and developing or amending organisational guidelines.

Application of the Unit

This unit of competency supports the application of planning, organisational, communication, sound problem-solving and accuracy skills; error analysis; designing and interpreting technical documentation; and a high-level understanding of technology. The skills and knowledge acquired upon completion of this unit would support the needs of surveyors working in a mining environment.

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Licensing, legislative and regulatory requirements for this unit may include the relevant components of state, territory and federal legislation.



Employability Skills Information

This unit contains employability skills.

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Elements describe the essential outcomes of a unit of competency.

Performance criteria describe the required performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Where bold italicised  text is used, further information is detailed in the required skills and knowledge and/or the range statement. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the evidence guide.

Elements and Performance Criteria


Identify project.


Organisational priorities  are determined to identify project activity.


Project specifications  are presented to relevant personnel .


Geological aspects  of possible ore deposits  are recognised by the environment  and the information is verified.


Plan and analyse a mining geology project.


Tasks are reviewed to identify requirements.


Project objectives , deliverables, constraints , environmental considerations  and principal work activities  are defined and documented according to organisational guidelines .


Rock types and structures  fundamental to mining operations are identified and analysed.


Rock stability and ground support requirements  are observed.


Ore and minerals  fundamental to mining operations are identified and analysed.


Methods for obtaining ore and mineral samples  are identified and analysed.


Mining regulations  with regard to management and safety are detailed according to relevant legislation  and company policy .


Equipment  use is planned according to manufacturer specifications .


Apply geological information to mine resources.


Work is allocated and scheduled to be completed within time available  to meet client requirements .


Project management mechanisms  are implemented to measure, record and report progress of activities in relation to the agreed schedule and plans.


Agreed communication processes between project members, client  and other stakeholders  are implemented and maintained.


OHS  and legislative requirements are incorporated into project risk management  strategy.


Pertinent legal and statutory standards  are researched, considered and adhered to.


Contingencies  and constraints are managed to ensure project meets specifications.


Finalise the project.


Relevant personnel are informed of the results according to organisational guidelines.


Required documentation  is completed according to organisational guidelines.

Required Skills and Knowledge

This section describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level, required for this unit.

Required skills 

  • communication skills to:
  • consult effectively with clients and colleagues
  • impart knowledge and ideas through oral, written and visual means
  • initiative and enterprise skills to:
  • interpret project requirements and translate them into design
  • manage information
  • literacy skills to:
  • assess, develop and use workplace information
  • read and write key performance reports, including technical reports
  • research and evaluate to source surveying and spatial information services educational information
  • numeracy skills to:
  • analyse errors
  • conduct image analysis
  • estimate costs
  • interpret and analyse statistics
  • perform mental calculations
  • record with accuracy and precision
  • undertake high level computations
  • organisational skills to:
  • plan and coordinate technical and human resource inputs to research activities
  • plan and prioritise activities to meet contractual requirements
  • project-management skills to plan, coordinate, conduct, monitor and report on action taken in mining geological operations
  • spatial skills to:
  • archive and retrieve spatial data
  • manage and manipulate spatial data
  • manage files
  • solve complex problems relating to height, depth, breadth, dimension, direction and position in actual operational activity and virtual representation
  • train others in spatial precision techniques
  • technology skills to:
  • use computers to develop documentation relating to the mining operations
  • use instruments when conducting mining geology operations

Required knowledge 

  • abilities of work teams
  • concept of mining in terms of the objectives, types, classifications and purpose
  • development of headings in underground mining operations
  • economic geology, including:
  • different methods and techniques for discovering economic mineral deposits
  • economics of mineral industries
  • familiarisation with mining and metallurgical technology
  • physical and chemical characteristics of rocks and structures
  • theories of formation
  • economic significance of mining in terms of domestic and international markets and global technological demands
  • guidelines of projects
  • industry standards
  • legislative, statutory and industry requirements and standards
  • limitations of the guidelines relating to equipment, measuring and analysis
  • mineral exploration methods: geophysical, geochemical and geological techniques
  • mining methods for metalliferous and coal mines
  • mining technology revolution
  • organisational policies and guidelines, such as OHS guidelines
  • phases and stages of exploration procedures and possible methods of exploration relevant to each
  • planning and control processes
  • processes and procedures involved in undertaking exploration of mineral deposits
  • project review procedures
  • safe work practices
  • scope of mining in terms of cultural, economical and social significance
  • terminology and nomenclature applicable to mining

Evidence Guide

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, the range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for this Training Package.

Overview of assessment 

This unit of competency could be assessed on its own or in combination with other units relevant to the job function, for example CPPSIS6021A Conduct open mine pit surveying, and CPPSIS6033A Conduct underground mine surveying.

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit 

A person who demonstrates competency in this unit must be able to provide evidence of:

  • conducting a collection and validation process
  • accessing and interpreting design information to identify the components to be measured and monitored
  • contingency management
  • documenting and reporting
  • performing measurements
  • planning resources
  • reducing and manipulating spatial data
  • recording and reporting non-conformity aspects
  • knowledge of mining geology operations.

Specific resources for assessment 

Resource implications for assessment include access to:

  • assessment instruments, including personal planner and assessment record book
  • assignment instructions, work plans and schedules, policy documents and duty statements
  • registered training provider of assessment services
  • relevant guidelines, regulations and codes of practice
  • suitable venue and equipment.

Access must be provided to appropriate learning and assessment support when required.

Where applicable, physical resources should include equipment modified for people with disabilities.

Context of assessment 

Holistic: based on the performance criteria, evidence guide, range statement, and required skills and knowledge.

Method of assessment 

Demonstrated over a period of time and observed by the assessor (or assessment team working together to conduct the assessment).

Demonstrated competency in a range of situations, that may include customer/workplace interruptions and involvement in related activities normally experienced in the workplace.

Obtained by observing activities in the field and reviewing induction information. If this is not practicable, observation in realistic simulated environments may be substituted.

Guidance information for assessment 

Assessment requires that the clients’ objectives and industry expectations are met. If the clients’ objectives are narrowly defined or not representative of industry needs, it may be necessary to refer to portfolio case studies of a variety of surveying and spatial information services requirements to assess competency.

Oral questioning or written assessment and hypothetical situations (scenarios) may be used to assess underpinning knowledge (in assessment situations where the candidate is offered a preference between oral questioning or written assessment, questions are to be identical).

Supplementary evidence may be obtained from relevant authenticated correspondence from existing supervisors, team leaders or specialist training staff.

All practical demonstration must adhere to the safety and environmental regulations relevant to each State or Territory.

Where assessment is for the purpose of recognition (recognition of current competencies [RCC] or recognition of prior learning [RPL]), the evidence provided will need to be authenticated and show that it represents competency demonstrated over a period of time.

In all cases where practical assessment is used it will be combined with targeted questioning to assess the underpinning knowledge.

Assessment processes will be appropriate to the language and literacy levels of the candidate and any cultural issues that may affect responses to the questions, and will reflect the requirements of the competency and the work being performed.

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised  wording in the performance criteria is detailed below. Add any essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts.

Organisational priorities  may include:

  • client focus
  • external influence and focus
  • financial priorities
  • internal influence and focus
  • operational plan
  • strategic plan.

Project specifications  may include:

  • detailed technical descriptions of data and its requirements
  • preparation of cross-sections and plans with all information included.

Relevant personnel  may include:

  • colleagues
  • registered surveyors
  • company personnel
  • staff or employee representatives
  • supervisors or line managers
  • suppliers.

Geological aspect :

  • a deposit of ore minerals in geological terms is not always an ore deposit
  • while an ore mineral is a mineral from which a metal can feasibly be extracted, an ore deposit (or an ore body) is a mass of rock from which a metal or mineral can be profitably produced.

Ore deposits  may include:

  • ores formed at or near a contemporary surface:
  • chemical precipitates
  • laterites
  • place deposits
  • ocean ridge spring deposits
  • sea floor nodules
  • shale-hosted base and precious metal deposits
  • volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits
  • ores formed in bodies of rock, including ores formed by:
  • cool solutions of uncertain provenance
  • deep volcanic environment
  • epicrustal volcanic environment chemical precipitates
  • pluton-centered environment
  • ores formed by magmatic segregation
  • ores formed by metamorphic processes
  • ores composed of common rock varieties.

Recognised by the environment  may include:

  • age of mineralisation e.g. banded iron formation deposits are characteristic of Pre-Cambrian age rocks
  • association with specific types of igneous rocks e.g. copper with quartz-monzonite porphyry, diamonds with kimberlite pipes and tin with granites
  • gangue mineral association e.g. gold associated with quartz-ankerite veins
  • host rock association e.g. lead and zinc with carbonate rocks
  • ore and gangue mineral in fresh or oxidised states in outcrop of derived sediments may give surface evidence of underlying or adjacent deposits
  • physiographic associations e.g. silicified breccias often stand up as isolated hills, oxidised pyretic bodies in limestone generally form low-covered areas
  • structural controls e.g. laterite deposits associated with unconformities, replacement deposits associated with crests of anticlines
  • trace metal association e.g. gold associated with arsenic and mercury in trace amounts
  • weathering effects e.g. oxidation of pyrite leaves a residue of iron oxide gossan making possible underlying deposits.

Project objectives  may include:

  • agreed client requirements
  • geological requirements
  • organisational deliverables
  • regulatory compliance.

Constraints  may include:

  • coverage
  • environmental factors
  • industry requirements
  • legal and statutory
  • financial
  • resource availability
  • time.

Environmental considerations  may include: 

  • coal fires
  • contamination of soil, groundwater and surface water
  • erosion
  • formation of skinholes
  • leakage of chemicals
  • loss of biodiversity

Principal work activities  may include:

  • activity and sequence of activity determined to be essential in order to meet project objectives.

Organisational guidelines  may include:

  • appropriate timelines
  • code of ethics
  • company policy
  • final product formats
  • formal design parameters
  • legislation relevant to the work or service function
  • manuals
  • OHS policies and procedures
  • personnel practices and guidelines outlining teamwork, work roles and responsibilities
  • requirements for data processing.

Rock types and structures :

  • may:
  • include cohesive aggregates of one or more types of minerals, formed as a result of various geological processes
  • be solid
  • may be classified according to:
  • chemical composition
  • formation (igneous, sedimentary or metamorphic)
  • grain-size
  • mineral content
  • physical appearance.

Rock stability and ground support requirements  may include:

  • principles for rock support in underground operations
  • techniques for providing rock support, including:
  • cable bolts
  • rock bolts.

Ore and minerals may include:

  • copper
  • gold
  • iron
  • lead
  • limestone
  • mercury
  • quartz
  • silver
  • tin
  • zinc.

Methods for obtaining ore and mineral samples  may include:

  • assaying:
  • geochemical
  • quantitative
  • drilling:
  • diamond core
  • rotary percussion
  • geological mapping:
  • presence of gossans or leached capping
  • rock alteration
  • geological sampling:
  • exploration geochemistry
  • geochemical prospecting
  • geophysical prospecting:
  • analysis of satellite imagery
  • computer modelling
  • geophysical surveying
  • subsurface mapping of geological units
  • logging
  • sampling
  • surface and underground testing
  • trenching.

Mining regulations  may include: 

  • Australian standards
  • coal mining Acts and regulations
  • environmental agency regulations
  • isolation procedures
  • manufacturer specifications and recommendations
  • other applicable legislation, including:
  • electricity and gas
  • radiation
  • mine.

Legislation  may include:

  • Australian standards
  • award and enterprise agreements
  • certification requirements
  • codes of practice
  • environment protection legislation
  • OHS legislation
  • quality assurance requirements.

Company policy  may include:

  • company OHS standards
  • customer service standards
  • company goals, such as mission statement
  • governance guidelines
  • guidelines on the use of equipment
  • internal and external communication guidelines
  • operational manuals
  • operational plan
  • strategic plan.

Equipment  may include:

  • augers and drills
  • bucketwheel
  • draglines
  • equipment, such as trailers and floats
  • excavators
  • four-wheel drive passenger vehicles
  • high well miners
  • scrapers
  • water and service machines.

Manufacturer specifications  may include:

  • equipment specifications
  • operator manuals.

Time available  may involve estimates for time duration of project, including:

  • client instructions
  • consideration of contingencies
  • consideration of past project experiences
  • experience of project personnel
  • location of project
  • methods to be employed
  • resources and equipment to be used.

Client requirements  refer to description of outputs and may be contained in:

  • contracts
  • memos
  • tender briefs
  • verbal instructions
  • written instructions.

Project management mechanisms  may include:

  • communication with stakeholders
  • dispute resolution guidelines
  • monitoring and adjusting key milestones.

Client  may include:

  • customers with routine or special requests
  • external to organisation
  • internal to organisation
  • regular and new customers, including:
  • business enterprises
  • government agencies
  • members of the public
  • suppliers.

Stakeholders  may include:

  • human resource personnel: internal or external
  • procurement agency: internal or external management.

OHS  may include:

  • Australian standards
  • development of site safety plan
  • identification of potential hazards
  • inspection of work sites
  • use of personal protective clothing
  • use of safety equipment and signage.

Risk management  may include:

  • adhering to budget
  • anticipating external influences
  • contingency planning
  • guidelines for the selection of contractors
  • effective communication and consultation
  • effective project management
  • internal and external audit processes
  • milestone review and evaluation
  • realistic timelines
  • targeted activity.

Legal and statutory standards  may include:

  • local government requirements
  • national standards
  • state statutes and regulations.

Contingencies  may include:

  • equipment failure
  • injury to personnel
  • personnel turnover
  • observation errors
  • obstructions to mining operation
  • weather.

Required documentation  may include:

  • electronic or paper-based correspondence with client
  • field records
  • final report
  • records of conversation
  • organisational work activity sheets.

Unit Sector(s)

Surveying and spatial information services

Custom Content Section

Not applicable.