Unit of competency details

CHCAD401D - Advocate for clients (Release 1)


Usage recommendation:
Supersedes and is equivalent to CHCAD1C - Advocate for clientsEquivalent outcome 24/Mar/2011
Is superseded by CHCADV001 - Facilitate the interests and rights of clientsThis version was released in CHC Community Services Training Package release 2.0 and meets the requirements of the 2012 Standards for Training Packages. Merged CHCAD401 /CHCAD402. Significant changes to performance criteria. New evidence requirements for assessment including volume and frequency requirements. Significant changes to knowledge evidence. 05/Aug/2015

ReleaseRelease date
1 1 (this release) 25/Mar/2011

Qualifications that include this unit

CodeSort Table listing Qualifications that include this unit by the Code columnTitleSort Table listing Qualifications that include this unit by the Title columnUsage RecommendationSort Table listing Qualifications that include this unit by the Usage Recommendation columnRelease
CHC30708 - Certificate III in Children's ServicesCertificate III in Children's ServicesSuperseded
CHC50612 - Diploma of Community Services WorkDiploma of Community Services WorkSuperseded
CHC30608 - Certificate III in Active VolunteeringCertificate III in Active VolunteeringSuperseded
CHC51712 - Diploma of CounsellingDiploma of CounsellingSuperseded
CHC40512 - Certificate IV in Mental HealthCertificate IV in Mental HealthSuperseded
CHC30712 - Certificate III in Children's ServicesCertificate III in Children's ServicesSuperseded
CHC40108 - Certificate IV in Aged CareCertificate IV in Aged CareSuperseded1-2 
CHC52108 - Diploma of Community Services (Financial counselling)Diploma of Community Services (Financial counselling)Superseded1-2 
CHC30408 - Certificate III in DisabilityCertificate III in DisabilitySuperseded1-3 
CHC42012 - Certificate IV in Employment ServicesCertificate IV in Employment ServicesSuperseded
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SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 091103 Legal Studies  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 091103 Legal Studies  02/Feb/2009 
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Modification History

Not Applicable

Unit Descriptor


This unit describes the knowledge and skills required by the worker to support clients to voice their opinions or needs and to ensure their rights are upheld

Application of the Unit


This unit may apply to work undertaken across a range of sectors in delivery of community services

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Not Applicable


Not Applicable

Employability Skills Information

Employability Skills 

This unit contains Employability Skills

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Elements define the essential outcomes of a unit of competency.

The Performance Criteria specify the level of performance required to demonstrate achievement of the Element. Terms in italics are elaborated in the Range Statement.

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Assist clients to identify their rights and represent their own needs

1.1 Assist client to identify their own needs and rights and to determine if their rights are being infringed or are not being met

1.2 Undertake an assessment with the client, and if necessary with significant others and colleagues to identify client's ability to advocate for self

1.3 Provide client with information about available options for meeting their needs and assist them to identify their preferred option, and to make contact and negotiate with relevant people and agencies where appropriate

1.4 Ensure information provided to clients about client rights and responsibilities is researched, relevant and timely

2. Advocate on behalf  of clients  on request

2.1 Initiate, negotiate and implement relevant strategies for addressing client needs

2.2 On request from the client and in on-going consultation with the client, identify and contact the most appropriate individuals or organisations and represent the client's point of view clearly to optimise outcomes for the client

2.3 Ensure information is kept in confidence unless authorisation is given to release it

2.4 Discuss progress and outcomes with the client and take further action as necessary

3. Advocate for clients

3.1 Where assessment indicates the client requires advocacy  support:

  • raise issues with the most appropriate person/ people in a way that upholds the rights and supports reasonable expectations of the client
  • initiate and implement strategies for addressing client needs in consultation with appropriate personnel
  • identify and redress potential conflict of interest

Required Skills and Knowledge


This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level required for this unit.

Essential knowledge :

It is critical that the candidate demonstrate knowledge of:

  • Organisations and services relevant to the nature of client service
  • Referral options and resources available to community
  • Organisation policies and procedures
  • Relevant legal and other rights/limitations

The candidate must also be able to demonstrate relevant knowledge required to effectively perform task skills; task management skills; contingency management skills and job/role environment skills as outlined in elements and performance criteria, such as knowledge of:

  • Social justice principles
  • Differences between negotiation, advocacy, mediation and conciliation

Essential skills :

It is critical that the candidate demonstrate the ability to:

  • Negotiate
  • Advocate on behalf of clients
  • Use a client-centred approach
  • Demonstrate a non-judgemental approach to clients
  • Maintain documentation as required

In addition, the candidate must be able to effectively do the task outlined in elements and performance criteria of this unit, manage the task and manage contingencies in the context of the identified work role

These include the ability to:

  • Apply skills in:
  • mediation
  • representation
  • dealing with cross cultural issues

Evidence Guide


The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the Performance Criteria, Required Skills and Knowledge, the Range Statement and the Assessment Guidelines for this Training Package.

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate this unit of competency :

  • The individual being assessed must provide evidence of specified essential knowledge as well as skills
  • Assessment may be conducted on one or more occasions, but should include the normal range of workplace activities

Access and equity considerations :

  • All workers in community services should be aware of access, equity and human rights issues in relation to their own area of work
  • All workers should develop their ability to work in a culturally diverse environment
  • In recognition of particular issues facing Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, workers should be aware of cultural, historical and current issues impacting on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
  • Assessors and trainers must take into account relevant access and equity issues, in particular relating to factors impacting on Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander clients and communities

Context of and specific resources for assessment :

  • This unit can be assessed independently, however holistic assessment practice with other community services units of competency is encouraged
  • Resources required for assessment include access to:
  • an appropriate workplace where assessment can take place, or
  • simulation of realistic workplace setting for assessment

Method of assessment :

  • Assessment may include observation, questioning and evidence gathered from the workplace environment

Range Statement


The Range Statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Add any essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts.

Rights and needs include :

  • Freedom of choice
  • Access to services
  • Personal safety and security
  • Access to rights protection and legal remedies
  • Access to right protections and legal remedies

Advocate on behalf of clients may be to :

  • Other workers
  • Management
  • Other agencies/organisations
  • Family/friends/community
  • Employers
  • Other health services/professionals
  • Police
  • Legal organisations/persons
  • Government departments
  • Schools
  • Credit providers, financial institutions, utility companies

Advocacy may include :

  • Meeting client needs in the context of organisation requirements
  • Awareness of potential conflict between client needs and organisation requirements

Review of strategies may be informal or formal and may include :

  • Discussions with key people in the community
  • Discussions with friends/family of the client
  • Discussions with colleagues and/or clients

Formal strategies may include :

  • Public meetings
  • Interviews
  • Questionnaires
  • Court appearances

Unit Sector(s)

Not Applicable