Unit of competency details

BSBSMB405A - Monitor and manage small business operations (Release 1)


Usage recommendation:
Is superseded by and equivalent to BSBSMB405B - Monitor and manage small business operationsThis unit replaces BSBSMB405A Monitor and manage small business operations. Revised unit. Required knowledge and Range Statement changed to include environmentally sustainable practices 27/Nov/2011

ReleaseRelease date
1 1 (this release) 18/Apr/2008

Training packages that include this unit

CodeSort Table listing Training packages that include this unit by the Code columnTitleSort Table listing Training packages that include this unit by the Title columnRelease
ACM10 - Animal Care and ManagementAnimal Care and Management 1.0-2.0 
LMF02 - Furnishing Training PackageFurnishing Training Package 6.0-8.1 
FNS10 - Financial Services Training PackageFinancial Services Training Package 1.0-4.0 
CPC08 - Construction, Plumbing and Services Training PackageConstruction, Plumbing and Services Training Package 6.0-7.0 
MEM05 - Metal and Engineering Training PackageMetal and Engineering Training Package 5.0-10.0 
ICT10 - Integrated Telecommunications Training PackageIntegrated Telecommunications Training Package 1.0-2.0 
SFL10 - Floristry Training PackageFloristry Training Package 1.0 
SIS10 - Sport, Fitness and Recreation Training PackageSport, Fitness and Recreation Training Package 1.2-1.3 
CPP07 - Property Services Training PackageProperty Services Training Package 7.0-14.3 
BSB07 - Business Services Training PackageBusiness Services Training Package 5.0 
WRH06 - Hairdressing Training PackageHairdressing Training Package 2.2 
SIF08 - Funeral Services Training PackageFuneral Services Training Package 1.1 
CUA11 - Live Performance Training PackageLive Performance Training Package 1.0 
CHC08 - Community Services Training PackageCommunity Services Training Package 3.0-4.1 
CUV11 - Visual Arts, Crafts and Design Training PackageVisual Arts, Crafts and Design Training Package 1.0 
PSP04 - Public Sector Training PackagePublic Sector Training Package 4.1-4.2 
RII09 - Resources and Infrastructure Industry Training PackageResources and Infrastructure Industry Training Package 2.0-3.2 
CUS09 - MusicMusic 1.1-1.2 
AHC10 - Agriculture, Horticulture and Conservation and Land ManagementAgriculture, Horticulture and Conservation and Land Management 2.0-3.0 
CUV03 - Visual Arts, Craft and Design Training PackageVisual Arts, Craft and Design Training Package 3.0 
SFI11 - Seafood Industry Training PackageSeafood Industry Training Package 1.0 
CUE03 - Entertainment Training PackageEntertainment Training Package 3.1-3.2 
LMT07 - Textiles, Clothing and Footwear Training PackageTextiles, Clothing and Footwear Training Package 3.1-4.0 
FDF10 - Food ProcessingFood Processing 1.0-3.0 
CUF07 - Screen and Media Training PackageScreen and Media Training Package 1.2 

Qualifications that include this unit

CodeSort Table listing Qualifications that include this unit by the Code columnTitleSort Table listing Qualifications that include this unit by the Title columnUsage RecommendationRelease
WRH40209 - Certificate IV in TrichologyCertificate IV in TrichologyDeleted
CPC40808 - Certificate IV in Swimming Pool and Spa BuildingCertificate IV in Swimming Pool and Spa BuildingSuperseded1-2 
FDF40811 - Certificate IV in Advanced BakingCertificate IV in Advanced BakingSuperseded
FDF40210 - Certificate IV in Pharmaceutical ManufacturingCertificate IV in Pharmaceutical ManufacturingSuperseded1-2 
FDF30111 - Certificate III in Food ProcessingCertificate III in Food ProcessingSuperseded1-2 
SFI50211 - Diploma of Fishing OperationsDiploma of Fishing OperationsDeleted
ACM40512 - Certificate IV in Equine DentistryCertificate IV in Equine DentistrySuperseded
FNS50910 - Diploma of Banking Services ManagementDiploma of Banking Services ManagementSuperseded1-2 
LMF50311 - Diploma of Stained Glass and LeadlightingDiploma of Stained Glass and LeadlightingSuperseded1-2 
CUF40407 - Certificate IV in Make-upCertificate IV in Make-upSuperseded
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Accredited courses that have this unit in the completion mapping


SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 080301 Business Management  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 080301 Business Management  25/Jul/2008 
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Modification History

Not applicable.

Unit Descriptor

Unit descriptor 

This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to operate a small business and to implement a business plan. The strategies involve monitoring, managing and reviewing operational procedures.

Specific legal requirements apply to the management of a small business.

Application of the Unit

Application of the unit 

This work is undertaken by individuals who operate a small business.

The unit is suitable for existing micro and small businesses or a department in a larger organisation.

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Not applicable.


Prerequisite units 

Employability Skills Information

Employability skills 

This unit contains employability skills.

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Elements describe the essential outcomes of a unit of competency.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Where bold italicised text is used, further information is detailed in the required skills and knowledge section and the range statement. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the evidence guide.

Elements and Performance Criteria




1.1. Develop an action plan to provide a clear and coherent direction, in accordance with the business goals and objectives 

1.2. Identify occupational health and safety  (OHS ) and environmental issues  and implement strategies to minimise risk factors

1.3. Develop a quality system  for the business in line with industry standards, compliance requirements and cultural criteria

1.4. Develop performance measures and operational targets  to conform with the business plan

1.5. Develop strategies for innovation, including the utilisation of existing, new or emerging technologies, where practicable, to optimise business performance

2. Implement operational strategies and procedures

2.1. Implement systems and key performance indicators/targets to monitor business performance and customer satisfaction

2.2. Implement systems to control stock, expenditure/cost, wastage/shrinkage and risks to health and safety in accordance with the business plan

2.3. Maintain staffing requirements, where applicable, within budget to maximise productivity

2.4. Carry out the provision of goods/services in accordance with established legal, ethical cultural and technical standards 

2.5. Provide goods/services in accordance with time, cost and quality specifications, and customer requirements

2.6. Apply quality procedures to address product/service and customer requirements

3. Monitor business performance

3.1. Regularly monitor/review the achievement of operational targets to ensure optimum business performance, in accordance with the business plan goals and objectives

3.2. Review systems and structures, with a view to more effectively supporting business performance

3.3. Investigate and analyse operating problems to establish causes and implement changes as required as part of the business quality system

3.4. Amend operational policies and procedures to incorporate corrective action

4. Review business operations

4.1. Review and adjust business plan, as required, to maintain business viability, in accordance with business goals and objectives

4.2. Clearly record proposed changes to aid future planning and evaluation

4.3. Undertake ongoing research into new business opportunities and adjust business goals and objectives as new business opportunities arise

Required Skills and Knowledge


This section describes the skills and knowledge required for this unit.

Required skills 

  • analytical skills to develop criteria and targets for the business plan
  • communication skills to question, clarify and report
  • literacy skills to interpret legal requirements, company policies and procedures
  • numeracy skills to manage performance information and to control the finances
  • technology skills to use relevant business equipment.

Required knowledge 

  • methods for developing and maintaining networks
  • methods for implementing operation and revenue control systems
  • methods for monitoring performance and implementing improvements
  • OHS responsibilities and procedures for managing hazards
  • principles of risk management relevant to the business, including risk assessment
  • quality system principles and methods
  • relevant industry codes of practice
  • relevant marketing, sales and financial concepts
  • relevant performance measures
  • role of innovation
  • systems to manage staff, stock, expenditure, services and customer service
  • technical or specialist skills relevant to the business operation.

Evidence Guide


The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment 

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit 

Evidence of the following is essential:

  • developing strategies and procedures to successfully manage the operation of the business
  • making appropriate adjustments to the business operations as required
  • knowledge of quality system principles and methods.

Context of and specific resources for assessment 

Assessment must ensure:

  • access to relevant documentation
  • candidate's individual circumstances and work in the context of running a small business, are the basis for assessment.

Method of assessment 

A range of assessment methods should be used to assess practical skills and knowledge. The following examples are appropriate for this unit:

  • portfolio of evidence including operational strategies and procedures
  • oral or written questioning to assess knowledge of principles of risk management relevant to the business, including risk assessment
  • review of analysis of operating problems (establishing causes and implementing changes as required as part of the business quality system)
  • review of records proposing changes to the business operations.

Guidance information for assessment 

Holistic assessment with other units relevant to the industry sector, workplace and job role is recommended, for example:

  • BSBSMB406A Manage small business finances
  • BSBSMB407A Manage a small team.

Range Statement


The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

Operational strategies and procedures  may be determined by:

  • business premises (size, location, layout)
  • financial control systems and procedures
  • management and administrative systems and procedures
  • methods/techniques/technology
  • physical and natural resources
  • plant and equipment , including OHS requirements
  • premises, plant and equipment, which may be new or previously owned
  • purchase (sole or shared ownership) or leasing
  • raw materials
  • requirements, which may be one-off requirements or recurrent requirements (such as equipment maintenance) specific to the nature of the business
  • technology
  • use of existing, new and emerging technologies including e-commerce

Business goals and objectives  may include:

  • customer needs/marketing projections
  • family or community benefits
  • financial projections
  • goals, objectives, plans, systems and processes
  • lifestyle issues
  • proposed size and scale of the business, market focus of the business
  • short-, medium- or long-term goals
  • social responsibility

Occupational health and safety and environmental issues  must include:

  • controls, which may include instructions to workplace personnel concerning site hazards and controls, material safety data sheets, use of personal protective equipment, vehicle access, signs and barricades, traffic control, outside contractors
  • establishment and maintenance of procedures for assessing and controlling risks
  • establishment and maintenance of procedures for identifying risks to health and safety
  • waste and by-products

Quality system  may include:

  • manual or computer quality control systems
  • quality assurance/management approaches
  • random inspections and assessments of goods and services against predetermined standards
  • random inspections and assessments of processes against predetermined standards
  • random sampling and follow-up of customers

Operational targets  may include:

  • external targets, which may relate to market share and positioning and may involve exploring new markets, building national or international trade links
  • internal targets, which may relate to size, quality, quantity and diversity, wages to sales, sales to area/stock levels/stock turnover/average debtor payment periods and levels
  • staffing level and skills mix
  • targets, which may be short-, medium- or long-term

Technical standards  may include:

  • current and generally agreed descriptions of what the product/service is, how it should be produced/delivered and the quality, safety, efficiency or other measures to determine the activity is done effectively

Unit Sector(s)

Unit sector 

Competency field

Competency field 

Management and Leadership - Small and Micro Business

Co-requisite units

Co-requisite units