Unit of competency details

BSBITU402A - Develop and use complex spreadsheets (Release 1)


Usage recommendation:
Is superseded by and equivalent to BSBITU402 - Develop and use complex spreadsheetsUpdated to meet Standards for Training Packages 24/Mar/2015

ReleaseRelease date
1 1 (this release) 19/Feb/2009

Training packages that include this unit

CodeSort Table listing Training packages that include this unit by the Code columnTitleSort Table listing Training packages that include this unit by the Title columnRelease
PUA00 - Public Safety Training PackagePublic Safety Training Package 8.1 
FNS10 - Financial Services Training PackageFinancial Services Training Package 1.0-5.1 
SIT12 - Tourism, Travel and Hospitality Training PackageTourism, Travel and Hospitality Training Package 1.0-2.0 
CPC08 - Construction, Plumbing and Services Training PackageConstruction, Plumbing and Services Training Package 6.0-9.2 
PSP12 - Public Sector Training PackagePublic Sector Training Package 1.0 
SIS10 - Sport, Fitness and Recreation Training PackageSport, Fitness and Recreation Training Package 1.2-3.1 
CPP07 - Property Services Training PackageProperty Services Training Package 7.0-15.0 
BSB07 - Business Services Training PackageBusiness Services Training Package 5.0-9.0 
SIF08 - Funeral Services Training PackageFuneral Services Training Package 1.1 
CUA11 - Live Performance Training PackageLive Performance Training Package 1.0 
CUV11 - Visual Arts, Crafts and Design Training PackageVisual Arts, Crafts and Design Training Package 1.0 
PSP04 - Public Sector Training PackagePublic Sector Training Package 4.1-4.2 
CUA - Creative Arts and Culture Training PackageCreative Arts and Culture Training Package 1.0 
CUS09 - MusicMusic 1.1-1.2 
DEF12 - Defence Training PackageDefence Training Package 1.0-2.0 
SIT07 - Tourism, Hospitality and Events Training PackageTourism, Hospitality and Events Training Package 2.3-3.0 
CUE03 - Entertainment Training PackageEntertainment Training Package 3.1-3.2 
CUF07 - Screen and Media Training PackageScreen and Media Training Package 1.2 

Qualifications that include this unit

CodeSort Table listing Qualifications that include this unit by the Code columnTitleSort Table listing Qualifications that include this unit by the Title columnUsage RecommendationRelease
SIT60212 - Advanced Diploma of EventsAdvanced Diploma of EventsSuperseded1-3 
SIT50312 - Diploma of HospitalityDiploma of HospitalitySuperseded1-3 
SIT60313 - Advanced Diploma of HospitalityAdvanced Diploma of HospitalitySuperseded
PSP41912 - Certificate IV in Government (School Support Services)Certificate IV in Government (School Support Services)Deleted
SIT40307 - Certificate IV in HospitalityCertificate IV in HospitalitySuperseded
SIT30307 - Certificate III in Tourism (Tour Wholesaling)Certificate III in Tourism (Tour Wholesaling)Deleted
BSB40212 - Certificate IV in BusinessCertificate IV in BusinessSuperseded1-2 
PSP42012 - Certificate IV in School Support ServicesCertificate IV in School Support ServicesDeleted
CUA40213 - Certificate IV in Community CultureCertificate IV in Community CultureSuperseded
CPC50210 - Diploma of Building and Construction (Building)Diploma of Building and Construction (Building)Superseded1-5 
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SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 080905 Practical Computing Skills  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 080905 Practical Computing Skills  25/Jul/2008 
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Modification History

Not applicable.

Unit Descriptor

Unit descriptor 

This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to use spreadsheet software to complete business tasks and to produce complex documents.

No licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of endorsement.

Application of the Unit

Application of the unit 

This unit applies to individuals employed in a range of work environments who require skills in the creation of complex spreadsheets to store and retrieve data. They may work as individuals providing administrative support within an enterprise, or may be independently responsible for designing and working with spreadsheets relevant to their own work roles.

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Not applicable.


Prerequisite units 

Employability Skills Information

Employability skills 

This unit contains employability skills.

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Elements describe the essential outcomes of a unit of competency.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Where bold italicised text is used, further information is detailed in the required skills and knowledge section and the range statement. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the evidence guide.

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Prepare to develop spreadsheet

1.1. Organise personal work environment in accordance with ergonomic requirements 

1.2. Analyse task and determine specifications for spreadsheets

1.3. Identify organisational and task requirements in relation to data entry, storage, output, reporting and presentation requirements

1.4. Apply work organisation strategies  and energy and resource conservation techniques  to plan work activities

2. Develop a linked spreadsheet solution

2.1. Utilise spreadsheet design  software functions  and formulae  to meet identified requirements

2.2. Link spreadsheets in accordance with software procedures

2.3. Format cells and use data attributes assigned with relative and/or absolute cell references, in accordance with the task specifications

2.4. Test formulae to confirm output meets task requirements

3. Automate and standardise spreadsheet operation

3.1. Evaluate tasks to identify those where automation would increase efficiency

3.2. Create, use and edit macros  to fulfil the requirements of the task and automate spreadsheet operation

3.3. Develop, edit and use templates  to ensure consistency of design and layout for forms and reports, in accordance with organisational requirements

4. Use spreadsheets

4.1. Enter, check and amend data in accordance with organisational and task requirements

4.2. Import and export  data between compatible spreadsheets and adjust host documents, in accordance with software and system procedures

4.3. Use manuals, user documentation and online help to overcome problems with spreadsheet design and production

4.4. Preview, adjust and print  spreadsheet in accordance with organisational and task requirements

4.5. Name and store spreadsheet  in accordance with organisational requirements and exit the application without data loss or damage

5. Represent numerical data in graphic form

5.1. Determine style of graph  to meet specified requirements and manipulate spreadsheet data if necessary to suit graph requirements

5.2. Create graphs  with labels and titles from numerical data contained in a spreadsheet file

5.3. Save, view and print graph within designated time lines

Required Skills and Knowledge


This section describes the skills and knowledge required for this unit.

Required skills 

  • literacy skills to interpret and evaluate the purposes and uses of various features of spreadsheets and to use a variety of strategies for planning and reviewing own work
  • proofreading and editing skills to check for accuracy and consistency of information by consulting additional resources
  • numeracy skills to collate and present data, graphs and related references.

Required knowledge 

  • advanced functions of spreadsheet software applications
  • impact of formatting and design on the presentation and readability of data
  • key provisions of relevant legislation from all forms of government, standards and codes that may affect aspects of business operations, such as:
  • anti-discrimination legislation
  • ethical principles
  • codes of practice
  • privacy laws
  • occupational health and safety
  • organisational policies and procedures.

Evidence Guide


The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment 

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit 

Evidence of the following is essential:

  • developing complex spreadsheets
  • developing graphical representations of data contained in spreadsheets.

Context of and specific resources for assessment 

Assessment must ensure:

  • access to office equipment and software
  • access to samples of data for inclusion in spreadsheets.

Method of assessment 

A range of assessment methods should be used to assess practical skills and knowledge. The following examples are appropriate for this unit:

  • direct questioning combined with review of portfolios of evidence and third party workplace reports of on-the-job performance by the candidate
  • review of authenticated documents from the workplace or training environment
  • demonstration of techniques.

Guidance information for assessment 

Holistic assessment with other units relevant to the industry sector, workplace and job role is recommended, for example:

  • administration units
  • other information and communications technology units.

Range Statement


The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

Ergonomic requirements  may include:

  • avoiding radiation from computer screens
  • chair height, seat and back adjustment
  • document holder
  • footrest
  • keyboard and mouse position
  • lighting
  • noise minimisation
  • posture
  • screen position
  • workstation height and layout

Work organisation strategies  may include:

  • exercise breaks
  • mix of repetitive and other activities
  • rest periods

Energy and resource conservation techniques  may include:

  • double-sided paper use
  • recycling used and shredded paper
  • re-using paper for rough drafts (observing confidentiality requirements)
  • using power-save options for equipment

Spreadsheet design  may include:

  • analysis
  • appropriateness
  • avoidance of blank rows and columns
  • embedding cell references in formulae
  • formulae
  • formatting and reformatting
  • functions
  • headers and footers
  • headings
  • headings and labels
  • identification and parameters
  • import and export of data
  • labels
  • linked formulae
  • multi-page documents
  • pivot tables
  • relative and absolute cell references
  • split screen operation

Functions  may include:

  • basic financial functions (if available)
  • date functions
  • logical functions (lookup, if, choose, true, false, conditions)
  • mathematical functions (square root, integer, absolute value, round)
  • simple nested functions
  • statistical functions (standard deviation, count, maximum, minimum)

Formulae  may include:

  • addition
  • average
  • comparison
  • division
  • exponentiation
  • multiplication
  • percentage
  • subtraction
  • combinations of above

Macros  may include:

  • printing sections of a spreadsheet

Templates  may include:

  • font types and sizes
  • forms
  • headers and footers
  • headings
  • page formats
  • reports

Importing and exporting data  may include:

  • proofreading
  • reformatting
  • split screen (if available)

Printing  may include:

  • charts
  • entire workbooks
  • selected data within a worksheet
  • worksheets

Naming and storing spreadsheets  may include:

  • authorised access
  • file naming conventions
  • filing locations
  • organisational policy for backing up files
  • organisational policy for filing hard copies of spreadsheets
  • security
  • storage in folders and sub-folders
  • storage on disk drives, CD-ROM, USB, tape back-up, server

Graphs  may include:

  • bar
  • line
  • pie
  • scatter
  • stack
  • 3D

Creating graphs  may include:

  • data range
  • keys and legends
  • labels and titles
  • naming
  • sizing (if possible)
  • using graph menu
  • X and Y axis

Unit Sector(s)

Unit sector 

Competency field

Competency field 

Information and Communications Technology - IT Use

Co-requisite units

Co-requisite units