Unit of competency details

AVIY4004 - Land aeroplane (Release 1)

Summary

Releases:
ReleaseStatusRelease date
1 1 (this release)Current 06/Dec/2015

Usage recommendation:
Current
Mapping:
MappingNotesDate
Supersedes and is equivalent to AVIY4004B - Land aeroplaneUpdated to align with the Standards for Training Packages. 05/Dec/2015


Training packages that include this unit

Classifications

SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 031505 Aircraft Operation  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 031505 Aircraft Operation  29/Apr/2016 
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Unit Of competency

Modification History

Release 1. This is the first release of this unit of competency in the AVI Aviation Training Package.

Application

This unit involves the skills and knowledge required to land an aeroplane, in compliance with relevant regulatory requirements of the Civil Aviation Safety Authority and national operating standards.

It includes conducting aeroplane landings and managing mishandled landings.

This unit addresses aviation technical skill requirements (physical, mental and task-management abilities) related to aircraft operational duties of flight crew, and contributes to safe and effective performance in complex aviation operational environments.

Operations are conducted as part of recreational, commercial and military aircraft activities across a variety of operational contexts within the Australian aviation industry.

Work is performed independently or under limited supervision within a single-pilot or multi-crew environment.

Licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements are applicable to this unit.

Use for Defence Aviation is to be in accordance with relevant Defence Orders, Instructions, Publications and Regulations.

Pre-requisite Unit

Not applicable.

Competency Field

Y Aircraft Operation and Traffic Management

Unit Sector

Not applicable.

Elements and Performance Criteria

ELEMENTS 

PERFORMANCE CRITERIA 

Elements describe the essential outcomes.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element.

1 

Conduct aeroplane landing 

1.1

Aeroplane is landed at a controlled rate of descent with alignment above the runway centreline, within a specified area without drift, and directional control is maintained

1.2

Existing wind conditions are confirmed, drift corrections are applied, precise ground track is maintained, and aeroplane is configured for cross-wind landing conditions as required

1.3

Ballooning and bouncing are minimised and controlled in accordance with established aeroplane landing procedures

1.4

Positive directional control is maintained and cross-wind corrections are applied as required during the after-landing roll

1.5

After-landing checks are performed in accordance with approved checklist

1.6

Separation with conflicting air and ground traffic is maintained

1.7

Runway is vacated when practicable

1.8

Aeroplane is stopped safely using drag and/or braking devices within available runway length

1.9

Landing clearance is obtained at applicable airfields

1.10

Wake turbulence is avoided

1.11

Weather conditions are monitored

2 

Manage mishandled landing 

2.1

Conditional requirements for conducting a missed approach are recognised

2.2

Decision to perform missed approach and subsequent go-around is made when safe landing cannot be achieved

2.3

Power, attitude and configuration are selected to safely control aeroplane

2.4

Aeroplane is manoeuvred clear of the ground and after take-off procedures are conducted

2.5

Allowance for wind velocity is made during go-around

2.6

Wake turbulence is avoided

Foundation Skills

Foundation skills essential to performance are explicit in the performance criteria of this unit of competency.

Range of Conditions

Range is restricted to essential operating conditions and any other variables essential to the work environment.

Unit Mapping Information

This unit replaces and is equivalent to AVIY4004B Land aeroplane.

Links

Companion Volume implementation guides are found in VETNet - https://vetnet.education.gov.au/Pages/TrainingDocs.aspx?q=4725260a-0af3-4daf-912b-ef1c2f3e5816

 

Assessment requirements

Modification History

Release 1. This is the first release of this unit of competency in the AVI Aviation Training Package.

Performance Evidence

Evidence required to demonstrate competence in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the elements and performance criteria on at least one occasion and include:

  • adapting to differences in equipment and operating environment in accordance with standard operating procedures
  • applying precautions and required action to minimise, control or eliminate identified hazards
  • applying relevant aeroplane aeronautical knowledge
  • applying relevant legislation and workplace procedures
  • calculating landing performance
  • carrying out correct procedures in a go-around
  • communicating effectively with others including using an aeronautical radio
  • compensating for the secondary effect of controls
  • completing relevant documentation
  • conducting aeroplane cross-wind landing procedures:
  • verify existing wind conditions, make proper correction for drift, and maintain a precise ground track
  • configure aeroplane for cross-wind conditions
  • control aeroplane during transition from final approach to touchdown and during after-landing roll
  • apply cross-wind drift corrections during landing and taxi procedures
  • conducting aeroplane landing procedures:
  • maintaining constant landing position aim point
  • achieving a smooth, positively-controlled transition from final approach to touchdown, including control ballooning during flare
  • achieving touchdown at a controlled rate of descent, in the specified touchdown zone within tolerances
  • controlling bouncing after touchdown
  • aligning touchdown with centreline within tolerances
  • ensuring separation is maintained
  • maintaining positive directional control and cross-wind correction during after-landing roll
  • using drag and braking devices, as applicable, in such a manner to bring the airplane to a safe stop
  • completing applicable after-landing checklist items in a timely manner
  • conducting aeroplane missed approach:
  • recognising the conditions when a missed approach should be executed
  • making the decision to execute a missed approach when it is safe to do so
  • making a smooth, positively-controlled transition from approach to missed approach, including
  • selecting power, attitude and configuration to safely control aeroplane
  • manoeuvring aeroplane clear of the ground and conducting after take-off procedures
  • making allowance for wind velocity during go-around
  • avoiding wake turbulence
  • conducting aeroplane missed landing procedure
  • recognising the conditions when a missed landing should be executed
  • making decision to execute recovery when it is safe to do so
  • making a smooth, positively-controlled transition from missed landing to missed approach, including
  • selecting power, attitude and configuration to safely control aeroplane
  • manoeuvring aeroplane clear of the ground and conducting after take-off procedures
  • making allowance for wind velocity during go-around
  • avoiding wake turbulence
  • conducting aeroplane short landing procedures:
  • landing aeroplane at nominated touchdown point at minimum speed
  • controlling ballooning during flare
  • controlling bouncing after touchdown
  • maintaining direction after touchdown
  • applying maximum braking without locking up wheels
  • stopping aircraft within landing distance available
  • exercising sound judgement sufficient to perform landing procedures
  • identifying and correctly using relevant equipment
  • implementing contingency plans
  • implementing work health and safety (WHS)/occupational health and safety (OHS) procedures and relevant regulations
  • maintaining compliance with regulatory requirements
  • modifying activities depending on workplace contingencies, situations and environments
  • monitoring and anticipating operational problems and hazards and taking appropriate action
  • monitoring work activities in terms of planned schedule
  • operating electronic communications equipment to required protocol
  • reading, interpreting and following relevant regulations, instructions, procedures, information and signs
  • recognising and responding to conditions leading to a go-around
  • reporting and/or rectifying identified problems promptly, in accordance with regulatory requirements and workplace procedures
  • selecting and using relevant equipment, including trim controls, flaps, carburettor heat and braking devices
  • selecting and using required personal protective equipment conforming to industry and WHS/OHS standards
  • setting local or area barometric pressure adjusted for sea level (QNH) at appropriate stages of flight
  • using instruments to monitor aeroplane performance
  • working collaboratively with others when landing aeroplane
  • working systematically with required attention to detail without injury to self or others, or damage to goods or equipment.

Knowledge Evidence

Evidence required to demonstrate competence in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the elements and performance criteria and include knowledge of:

  • aerodynamic forces involved during a flare
  • aeroplane limitations
  • aeroplane performance
  • aeroplane weight and balance
  • air traffic procedures
  • all required checklist items
  • CASR Part 61 Manual of Standards Schedule 3 Aeronautical Knowledge relevant to aeroplane operations
  • causes of aquaplaning and procedures to avoid aquaplaning
  • causes of loss of control of aeroplane on landing
  • causes of loss of directional control during landing
  • circuit and landing procedures
  • contents of aircraft flight manual (AFM) and pilot s operating handbook (POH)
  • cross wind limits for the aeroplane type flown
  • day visual flight rules (VFR) criteria
  • effect of wind on landing performance
  • environmental conditions that represent visual meteorological conditions (VMC)
  • how to calculate a cross wind component
  • in a Defence context, relevant Defence Orders and Instructions
  • options when local conditions are not suitable for landing
  • principles of aerodynamics
  • propeller wash, rotor wash and jet blast
  • relevant sections of aeronautical information package (AIP)
  • relevant sections of Civil Aviation Safety Regulations and Civil Aviation Orders
  • relevant WHS/OHS and environmental procedures and regulations
  • steps for landing an aeroplane in normal headwind and crosswind
  • techniques used to land an aeroplane in a cross wind
  • touch and go procedures
  • typical single-engine aeroplane aircraft systems
  • wake turbulence considerations
  • windsock and other indicators that are used to determine wind velocity.

Assessment Conditions

As a minimum, assessors must satisfy applicable regulatory requirements, which include requirements in the Standards for Registered Training Organisations current at the time of assessment.

As a minimum, assessment must satisfy applicable regulatory requirements, which include requirements in the Standards for Registered Training Organisations current at the time of assessment.

Assessment processes and techniques must be appropriate to the language, literacy and numeracy requirements of the work being performed and the needs of the candidate.

Assessment must occur in workplace operational situations. Where this is not appropriate, assessment must occur in simulated workplace operational situations that reflect workplace conditions.

Resources for assessment must include access to:

  • a range of relevant exercises, case studies and/or simulations
  • acceptable means of simulation assessment
  • applicable documentation including workplace procedures, regulations, codes of practice and operation manuals
  • relevant materials, tools, equipment and personal protective equipment currently used in industry.

Links

Companion Volume implementation guides are found in VETNet - https://vetnet.education.gov.au/Pages/TrainingDocs.aspx?q=4725260a-0af3-4daf-912b-ef1c2f3e5816

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