Unit of competency details

AVIH5016A - Plan a flight under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) (Release 1)


ReleaseStatusRelease date
1 1 (this release)Current 18/Jul/2008

Usage recommendation:
Supersedes and is equivalent to AVI5H1608A - Plan a flight under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR)Unit code updated 19/Jul/2008
Is superseded by AVIH0005 - Plan a flight under instrument flight rulesThis unit replaces but is not equivalent to AVIH5016A Plan a flight under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR). Unit code and title changed. Updated to align with the Standards for Training Packages. 05/Dec/2015

Training packages that include this unit


SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 031505 Aircraft Operation  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 031505 Aircraft Operation  18/Jul/2008 
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Modification History

Not applicable.

Unit Descriptor

Unit Descriptor 

This unit involves the skills and knowledge required to plan and make flight notification for an Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) flight using all applicable current operational documents, after obtaining and applying pre-flight briefing information and allowing for operational requirements. Licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements are applicable to this unit.

Application of the Unit

Application of the Unit 

Work must be carried out in compliance with the relevant licence and aircraft rating requirements of the Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA); relevant airspace control requirements and Instrument Flight Rules (IFR); and aircraft control principles, regulations, safety codes, protocols and procedures relevant to planning a flight under Instrument Flight Rules as part of commercial aircraft activities.

Use for ADF Aviation is to be in accordance with relevant Defence Orders and Instructions and applicable CASA compliance.

Operations are conducted across a variety of operational contexts within the Australian aviation industry.

Work is performed under limited supervision.

This unit of competency is packaged at AQF V.

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Not applicable.


Not applicable.

Employability Skills Information

Employability Skills 

This unit contains employability skills.

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Elements describe the essential outcomes of a unit of competency.

Performance criteria describe the required performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the evidence guide.

Elements and Performance Criteria



Determine aircraft meets requirements for IFR flight 

1.1 Aircraft requirements for IFR flight are determined

1.2 Flight and navigation instruments, minimum electrical lighting and navigation equipment and any other requirements which are fitted to the aircraft are checked to ensure they are suitable and acceptable for IFR flight

Obtain and use current operational documents 

2.1 Operational documents applicable to the flight are obtained and checked for currency

2.2 Applicable information contained in documents for flight planning and management is interpreted and applied

2.3 Documents required for the flight are stowed and accessibility for the pilot during flight is ensured

Prepare charts and flight plan for IMC flight 

3.1 Charts suitable for intended IFR flight are selected and prepared

3.2 Applicable information to prepare a flight plan which details tracks, distances, times, altitudes to be flown and fuel requirements to reach destination are obtained, analysed and applied

3.3 Meteorological, airways facilities, aerodrome and NOTAM information applicable to planning and conducting a flight is obtained, interpreted and applied

3.4 Routes to optimise options in the event of an engine failure are planned

Determine operational requirements 

4.1 Duration of flight is determined

4.2 Holding, alternate and reserve fuel requirements due to weather, navigation aid availability and aerodrome lighting are determined in accordance with operational requirements

4.3 Total fuel requirements are calculated

Make flight notification 

5.1 Flight notification is prepared for planned IFR flight

5.2 Completed flight notification is submitted

5.3 Flight notification acceptance is confirmed

Program navigation system 

6.1 Data for transfer to approved airborne navigation system is prepared

6.2 Navigation data is loaded and checked

Required Skills and Knowledge


This describes the essential knowledge and skills and their level required for this unit.

Required knowledge :

  • Determining the currency of operational documents
  • Relevant sections of Civil Aviation Safety Regulations and Civil Aviation Orders
  • In ADF context, relevant Defence Orders and Instructions
  • Relevant OH&S and environmental procedures and regulations
  • Airspace requirements and procedures under IFR conditions
  • IFR route planning requirements
  • Use of the navigational computer
  • Aircraft fuel planning including holding, alternate, fixed reserve and usage rates
  • Relevant sections of CAAP 234-1 (Civil Aviation Advisory Publication)
  • Visual and instrument flight rules and procedures
  • Factors affecting en route performance, range and endurance
  • Critical point and point of no return
  • Meteorological considerations for an IFR flight
  • Requirements for an alternate aerodrome
  • Aerodrome and en route holding procedures
  • IFR cruising levels, selection and hazards
  • Limitations and errors of navigations aids/systems
  • Icing conditions and hazards

Required skills :

  • Interpret IFR charts
  • Interpret meteorological forecasts
  • Calculate fuel requirements
  • Select suitable navigation aids/systems
  • Communicate effectively with others when planning a flight under IFR
  • Read and interpret instructions, regulations, procedures and other information relevant to planning a flight under IFR
  • Interpret and follow operational instructions and prioritise work
  • Complete documentation related to planning a flight under IFR
  • Operate electronic communication equipment to required protocol
  • Work collaboratively with others when planning a flight under IFR
  • Adapt appropriately to cultural differences in the workplace, including modes of behaviour and interactions with others
  • Promptly report and/or rectify any identified problems that may occur when planning a flight under IFR in accordance with regulatory requirements and workplace procedures
  • Implement contingency plans for unexpected events that may arise when planning a flight under IFR
  • Apply precautions and required action to minimise, control or eliminate hazards that may exist while planning a flight under IFR
  • Monitor and anticipate operational problems and hazards and take appropriate action
  • Monitor work activities in terms of planned schedule
  • Modify activities dependent on differing workplace contingencies, situations and environments
  • Work systematically with required attention to detail without injury to self others, or damage to goods or equipment
  • Adapt to differences in equipment and operating environment in accordance with standard operating procedures
  • Select and use required personal protective clothing and equipment conforming to industry and OH&S standards
  • Implement OH&S procedures and relevant regulations
  • Identify and correctly use equipment required to plan a flight under IFR

Evidence Guide


The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required knowledge and skills, the range statement and the assessment guidelines for this Training Package.

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit 

  • The evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the elements and performance criteria of this unit and include demonstration of applying:
  • the underpinning knowledge and skills
  • relevant legislation and workplace procedures
  • other relevant aspects of the range statement

Context of and specific resources for assessment 

  • Performance is demonstrated consistently over a period of time and in a suitable range of contexts
  • Resources for assessment include:
  • a range of relevant exercises, case studies and/or other simulated practical and knowledge assessment, and/or
  • access to an appropriate range of relevant operational situations in the workplace
  • In both real and simulated environments, access is required to:
  • relevant and appropriate materials and equipment, and
  • applicable documentation including workplace procedures, regulations, codes of practice and operation manuals

Method of assessment 

  • Assessment of this unit must be undertaken by a registered training organisation
  • As a minimum, assessment of knowledge must be conducted through appropriate written/oral tests
  • Practical assessment must occur:
  • through activities in an appropriately simulated environment at the registered training organisation, and/or
  • in an appropriate range of situations in the workplace

Range Statement


The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance.

Tasks may be undertaken in:

  • IMC
  • VMC with simulated IMC conditions

Performance may be demonstrated in:

  • single engine aircraft
  • multi engine aircraft
  • synthetic training device approved by the appropriate authority

Aircraft may include:

  • fixed wing
  • helicopter
  • other commercial or military aircraft

Crew may include:

  • single pilot
  • multi crew

Instruments may be:

  • fitted flight instruments suitable for instrument flight
  • head up display suitable for instrument flight

Limitations may be imposed by:

  • local noise abatement requirements and curfews
  • airspace endorsements

Classes of airspace may be:

  • as designated by the regulator
  • restricted and danger areas
  • military control zones
  • Air Defence Identification Zones

Aircraft requirements may include:

  • instruments
  • communication
  • navigation system
  • lighting

Dependent on the type of organisation concerned and the local terminology used, workplace procedures may include:

  • company procedures
  • enterprise procedures
  • organisational procedures
  • established procedures
  • standard operating procedures

Operational documents may include:

  • relevant sections of Civil Aviation Safety Regulations and Civil Aviation Orders
  • in Defence context, relevant Defence Orders and Instructions
  • Flight Manual/Pilot's Operating Handbook (POH)
  • Manual of Standards - Pilot Licensing (MOS-PL)
  • Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP)
  • En Route Supplement Australia (ERSA)
  • approved operators manuals
  • approved checklists
  • workplace procedures and instructions and job specification
  • induction and training materials
  • conditions of service, legislation and industrial agreements including workplace agreements and awards

Charts may include:

  • Departure and Approach procedures (DAP East & West)
  • Terminal Area Chart (TAC)
  • En Route Chart (ERC High, ERC Low)
  • Planning Chart (AUS PCA)
  • Visual Terminal Chart (VTC)
  • Designated Airspace Handbook
  • Visual Navigation Chart (VNC)

Airways facilities may include

  • air-traffic control
  • navigational aids
  • radio communications
  • meteorological services
  • fire and rescue services

Navigation aids/systems may include:

  • ADF (Automatic Direction Finder)
  • VOR (VHF Omni-directional Radio Range)
  • DME (Distance Measuring Equipment)
  • GPS (Global Positioning System)
  • FMS (Flight Management Systems)
  • Moving Map Displays
  • INS

Conditions may include:

  • a method of simulating IMC
  • simulated icing conditions
  • moderate turbulence
  • simulated hazardous weather
  • Autopilot/Flight Director
  • FMS/ other NAV system
  • simulation of emergency and abnormal procedures

Applicable regulations and legislation may include:

  • relevant Civil Aviation Safety Regulations and Civil Aviation Orders
  • in Defence context, relevant Defence Orders and Instructions
  • relevant state/territory OH&S legislation
  • relevant state/territory environmental protection legislation
  • relevant Australian Standards

Performance includes tolerances specified in either of:

  • relevant licence and aircraft rating requirements of the Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA) such as:
  • Manual of Standards
  • relevant Defence documentation such as:
  • Defence Orders and Instructions
  • approved curricula and training documentation

Unit Sector(s)

Not applicable.

Competency field

Competency Field 

H - Route Planning and Navigation

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