Unit of competency details

PUADEFCA301B - Shift loads manually utilising non-motorised equipment (Release 1)

Summary

Releases:
ReleaseStatusRelease date
1 1 (this release)Current 09/Feb/2011

Usage recommendation:
Superseded

Training packages that include this unit

Classifications

SchemeCodeClassification value
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 061301 Occupational Health And Safety  

Classification history

SchemeCodeClassification valueStart dateEnd date
ASCED Module/Unit of Competency Field of Education Identifier 061301 Occupational Health And Safety  03/Sep/2009 
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Modification History

Not applicable.

Unit Descriptor

Unit Descriptor 

This unit covers the competency required to manually shift construction materials and other loads of up to 500 kg in weight that are unable to be moved by motorised lifting equipment such as forklifts.

Loads may be moved with equipment such as chain blocks, jacks and winches, which provide mechanical advantage. Alternatively, devices such as slings, gins, derricks and sheers may need to be constructed to provide the mechanical advantage necessary to lift and move the load. Loads will need to be prepared for movement using a range of ancillary devices such as strapping, netting, ropes and chains.

The unit will usually be conducted under field conditions  working under supervision as part of a team.

Application of the Unit

Application of the Unit 

The application of this unit in the workplace - the environments, complexities and situations involved - will be written during Phase II of the Review of the PUA00 Public Safety Training Package.

This text will be useful for the purposes of job descriptions, recruitment advice or job analysis; where possible, it will not be too job specific to allow other industries to import it into other Training Packages, where feasible.

Licensing/Regulatory Information

Not applicable.

Pre-Requisites

Prerequisite Unit /

BCG1000A Carry out interactive workplace communication

BCG1011A Handle construction materials and safely dispose of waste

BSBCMN311A Maintain workplace safety

Employability Skills Information

Employability Skills 

This unit contains employability skills.

Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content

Elements describe the essential outcomes of a Unit of Competency.

Performance Criteria describe the required performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Where bold italicised text is used, further information is detailed in the Required Skills and Knowledge and/or the Range Statement. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the Evidence Guide.

Elements and Performance Criteria

ELEMENT 

PERFORMANCE CRITERIA 

1. Plan and prepare to shift the load 

1.1 Appropriate personal protective equipment  is selected and worn in accordance with OH&S requirements

1.2 Job instructions are used to identify the type of load , safe working load and working load limits , and the distance and/or height to be moved

1.3 Load is examined to determine condition, length, bulk, weight, most appropriate method to shift the load  and resources required

1.4 Any damage to load is recorded and reported to supervisor

1.5 A movement plan is developed, potential difficulties are identified, and the method of shifting the load and any requirement for additional personnel are approved by the supervisor

1.6 Tools , load shifting equipment and other materials  are selected, checked for serviceability and any defects are reported to the supervisor

1.7 The work site is prepared to ensure sufficient clear space is available in accordance with job instructions

2. Shift the load 

2.1 Load is broken down, where applicable, to allow handling and moving a number of single items to ensure the maximum weight of 500 kg is not exceeded

2.2 Mechanical strapping equipment and other securing devices  are used, when applicable, to stabilise the load, in accordance with manufacturer's and job instructions

2.3 Where applicable, the load is slung/unslung, using the correct securing devices, in accordance with national standards, safety codes and operational instructions

2.4 Mechanical aids and field machines  are constructed, when required, by the approved shifting method, so that the load can be shifted in accordance with job instructions

2.5 Safe working limits for lifting equipment are identified and maintained

2.6 Load is moved safely in accordance with approved shifting method and steadied by tag lines, if required, and stored and stacked in relocated position

2.7 Any part of the load that is damaged during the lift is reported to the supervisor in accordance with standard procedures 

3. Refurbish equipment and work site 

3.1 Site is cleaned and cleared of debris and unwanted material

3.2 Field machines, tools and equipment are cleaned, inspected, serviced, maintained and stored in accordance with standard procedures

3.3 Documentation is completed in accordance with standard procedures

Required Skills and Knowledge

REQUIRED SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE 

This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level, required for this unit.

Required Skills 

  • calculate and measure
  • use knots and lashings
  • splice and maintain cordage and SWR
  • handle materials and identify manual handling risks
  • use manual handling equipment to shift loads
  • use slings and securing devices
  • follow instructions/directives and report information
  • use a variety of verbal and non-verbal communication techniques including language style, active listening
  • write at the level required to complete workplace forms and reports
  • calculate total weights of individual items and estimate overall load and compare with safe working load(s) of equipment

Required Knowledge 

  • types of construction materials and their characteristics
  • workplace and equipment safety requirements including relevant OH&S regulations, codes and standards applying to load shifting
  • handling requirements for different types of material and loads
  • storage requirements for different materials
  • use of tools and equipment relevant to shifting loads
  • pulling and lifting equipment relevant to manual handling operations
  • appropriate anchor points for locating slings and anchorages
  • estimation/calculation of weights
  • principles of team work
  • techniques for supporting others
  • composition of teams and roles and responsibilities of team members
  • verbal and nonverbal communication techniques including language style, active listening
  • written communication to a level required to complete workplace forms and reports

Evidence Guide

EVIDENCE GUIDE 

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit 

Assessment must confirm the ability to shift at least three different types of loads, of weights up to 500 kg, using at least three different methods utilising the load shifting equipment, mechanical aids and field machines listed in the Range Statement. Slinging devices must be used in conjunction with one load shifting activity using a field machine

Assessment must also confirm the ability to:

  • calculate safe working limits and working load limits of anchors, load attachment points and lifting/moving equipment
  • construct field machines and mechanical aids
  • safely strap, sling, lift and move loads without damage to the load, equipment or personnel
  • identify faults and deficiencies and take action to rectify any problems
  • communicate effectively and work in a team.

Consistency in performance 

Competency should be demonstrated over a time frame that allows for the construction and use of a variety of non-motorised load shifting equipment under a range of field conditions

Context of and specific resources for assessment 

Context of assessment 

Competency should be assessed in field conditions or a realistic simulation. Evidence should be gathered by observing the individual constructing and using various types of non-motorised load shifting equipment, under supervision, to lift and move loads up to 500 kg in accordance with job instructions.

Specific resources for assessment 

Access to:

  • a suitable site for training and assessment
  • goods, cargo or materials to be lifted
  • appropriate load lifting equipment
  • a range of tools and equipment to construct mechanical aids and field machines.

Guidance information for assessment 

Information that will assist or guide assessment will be written during Phase II of the Review of the PUA00 Public Safety Training Package.

Range Statement

RANGE STATEMENT 

The Range Statement relates to the Unit of Competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised  wording in the Performance Criteria is detailed below.

Field conditions may include 

A range of terrain, soil and vegetation

Under all weather conditions

By day or night and under illumination

Personal protective equipment may include 

Boots

Safety glasses/goggles

Ear plugs/muffs

Dust masks/respirators

Gloves

Hard hat

Cap

Leather apron

Types of loads to be shifted may include 

Timber sections

Loaded pallets

Aluminium sections

Plywood

Particle board

Medium density fibreboard (MDF)

Bagged material - cement, lime

Drum material - adhesives, sealants

Stone

Defence stores - barbed wire, sandbags, steel pickets

Safe working load and working load limits may include 

Static vertical load lifting up to 2.5 m above ground level

Vertical lift and lateral load movement of 4 m total range

Vertical lift and 360 degrees of load movement to a radius of 2 m

Methods of shifting loads include 

Pallet trolleys

Hand trucks

Slab trolleys

Flat bed hand trucks

Levers

Rollers

Incline planes

Chain blocks

Mechanical aids and field machines

Tools , load shifting equipment and other materials may include 

Measuring tape/rule

Mechanical aids

Crow bars

Packers

Wedges

Chains

Slings

Cables

Cordage

Steel wire rope (SWR)

Anchorages

Other securing devices include 

Ropes

Nets

Chains

Mechanical strapping equipment

Mechanical aids and field machines may include 

Gins, sheers and derricks

Block and tackle, pulleys

Hand operated winches

Jacks

Improvised methods such as Spanish windlass and par-buckles

Use of expedient materials such as materials obtained on the job from resources available in the local environment

Standard procedures refer to 

OH&S regulations and procedures related to load shifting

Written and verbal orders and job instructions

Procedures manuals, job guides and other publications

Industry codes of practice

Equipment manufacturer's instructions

Field engineering pamphlets

Unit Sector(s)

Not applicable.

Corequisite Unit/s

Co-requisite Unit /

Nil

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